Australia

2018 Australia Key Figures
Population: 24.9 million
GDP growth rate: 3.24 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 81.7 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 16.2 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.58%
* at purchasing power parity
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Australia Related Analysis
  • 22/10/2013 - Australian Energy Market
    Australia to scrap carbon tax from July 2014 2012 Australia Key Figures Population: 22.6 million GDP growth rate: 3.58 %/year Energy independence: 100% Total ...
Australia Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Per capita energy consumption is around 40% higher than the average of OECD countries, at 5.3 toe. Per capita electricity consumption is 9.3 MWh (2018).

Total energy consumption remained roughly stable between 2008 and 2015 and increased by 1.8%/year since 2015 to reach 132 Mtoe in 2018.

Oil and coal (including lignite) dominate energy consumption with a similar market share ...

Australia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Australia's production of liquid hydrocarbons (crude oil, condensates and LPG) has halved since its peak in 2000 due to the decline in production from mature basins (16 Mt in 2018). Australia's two largest producing basins, Carnarvon Basin in north-western Australia and Gippsland Basin in the Bass Strait, account for around 80% of total production.

Australia is a net importer of crude ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products rose by 2.4% per year between 2015 and 2018 to reach 48.9 Mtoe. It grew regularly from 2000 to 2013, by 1.3%/year on average, and decreased in 2014 and 2015.

The transport sector accounts for about 64% of oil consumption.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption has been increasing very rapidly since 2000 at a rate of 4%/year (46 bcm in 2018). Industry accounts for 31% of the consumption, electricity production for 29%, the hydrocarbon sector for 25%, and the residential and tertiary sector for around 15%.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has declined by 22% since 2009, despite a small rebound between 2014 and 2016 due to power generation. Around 94% of the consumption goes to the electricity sector.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been increasing slightly since 2010, by less than 1%/year on average, and amounted to 232 TWh in 2018. Industry is the largest user of electricity with 34% of electricity consumption, followed by services (30%) and households (26%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Australia's NDC aims to reduce GHG emissions to 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2030. GHG emissions have been decreasing since 2006 and were 12% below their 2005 level in FY 2018, reaching 534 MtCO2 in 2018.

The Emissions Reduction Fund (ERF) Green Paper, released in 2014, plans to introduce a carbon buy-back scheme (Emissions Reduction Fund- ERF) on the model of the UN Clean Development ...

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