Austria

2016 Austria Key Figures
Population: 8.75 million
GDP growth rate: 1.48 %/year
Energy independence: 37.1%
Total consumption/GDP:* 87.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.50 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.00%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

In 2016, Austria's energy consumption per capita was 3.8 toe, which is 22% higher than the EU average. The country's electricity consumption stands at 7 400 kWh, i.e. 35% above the EU average.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption has remained relatively stable since 2005 apart from variations due to weather conditions. Energy ...

Austria energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production is hovering at around 0.8 Mt (0.9 Mt in 2015), and covers less than 10% of the country's needs. In 2016, Austria imported 7.5 Mt of crude oil, mainly from Kazakhstan (28%), Libya and Russia (13% each), Iraq (11%) and Saudi Arabia (7%), almost all imported by pipeline from Trieste to the Schwechat refinery. Austria also imported 6.4 Mt of oil products, 63% of which from ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption decreased by an average of 2.8%/year between 2005 and 2012, bringing it to its lowest level since 1996, at 11 Mt in 2012. Oil consumption rebounded by 2% in 2016, driven by the transport sector (+4%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Transport absorbs 64% of the oil products, up from 51% in 2000, while the share of the residential and services sector contracted ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption decreased by 21% between 2005 and 2014 before rebounding by 6.7% in 2015 and 4.3% in 2016 to 8.7 bcm.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Industry consumed 41% of the natural gas in 2016 (36% in 2010), power plants 23% (29% in 2010), and the residential tertiary sector 23% (stable).

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2016, %)

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption fell by 36% between 2003 and 2016 to 4.5 Mt.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

In 2016, power plants consumed 33% of the country's coal (42% in 2010), while industry accounted for 55% (39% in 2010).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2016, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased slowly since the 2009 recession between 2010 and 2015 (1%/year), but increased by 3% in 2016, pulled up by industry (3%) and services (5.5%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Industry accounts for around 43% of electricity consumption, with paper, machinery, chemical and steel as main consumers. The shares of the residential and ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The national target to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 34% by 2020 has almost been achieved 6 years ahead as the share is 33.5% at end-2016 (according to EU definition), up from 24% in 2005.

The renewable energy sector is governed by the Green Electricity Act (Ökostromgesetz, ÖSG) implemented in 2002. This law, amended in 2012, has set the following capacity ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The 2010 Austrian Energy Strategy ambitions to mitigate its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 16% in non-ETS sectors and by 21% in ETS sector by 2020, compared to 1990 levels. In April 2018, the government revised its energy and climate strategy with the aim of achieving the EU CO2 emission goals by 2030, equivalent to a 36% reduction in CO2 emissions from 2005 levels (only 8% reduction ...

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