2017 Belgium Key Figures
Population: 11.4 million
GDP growth rate: 1.71 %/year
Energy independence: 27.3%
Total consumption/GDP:* 82.1 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.24 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.35%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is 60% higher than the EU average, at 4.9 toe compared to 3.1 toe (2017). The difference is mainly due to a higher final consumption per capita (3.7 toe compared to 2.3 toe). Electricity consumption per capita is 31% above the EU average and amounted to 7 350 kWh in 2017.


Graph: TOTAL ...

Belgium energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

All the oil is imported (56 Mt in 2017). Crude oil accounts for around 62% of oil imports and 65% of crude imports come from Russia and Saudi Arabia (47% and 18%, respectively, in 2017. The country re-exported around 3 Mt of oil products in 2017. There are four refineries, all located in Anvers with a total capacity of (807 000 bbl/d): Total's refinery with 338 000 bbl/d, Exxonmobil's with ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been quite stable since the end of the 1990's, fluctuating around 23 Mt/y. In 2017, it dropped by5%, driven by the industrial sector (-9%).


In 2017, industry represented 39% of the oil consumption, the same as transport, the residential-tertiary sector (17%) and the energy sector (5%).


EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption decreased by an average of 2%/year between its peak in 2010 (20.6 bcm) and 2014. The 4 bcm drop over the period comes from power plants (-2.5 bcm, -38%), industry (-0.2 bcm) and the residential-services sector (-1.7 bcm). Due to colder temperatures, gas consumption rebounded to 17.7 bcm in 2017.


EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption decreased strongly between 1990 and 2017 (-4%/year, on average), driven by the power and residential sectors (8%/year and 4%/year, respectively).


Industry is the main coal consumer with a share of 72% (42% in 2009), followed by power plants with only 17% compared to 44% in 2009.


 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption reached its peak in 2007 (86 TWh) and then decreased by an average of 0.5%/year until 2014, before remaining roughly stable (84 TWh in 2017). Out of the 5 TWh consumption reduction observed between 2007 and 2014, 2.9 TWh was attributable to the residential sector and 2.4 TWh to industry while the services sector increased its consumption by 2.9 TWh over the ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In accordance with the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 13% by 2020 (including 10% in transport, nearly 12% in heating and cooling and nearly 21% in electricity). According to the Federal Planning Bureau's (FPB) "Economic Outlook 2017-2022" of June 2017, the target will not be met as renewables will only ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The policies to fight Climate Change are defined at the federal level, while the implementation is split between the State and the regions: each region has its own climate plan and target. The National Climate Commission (NCC) controls the implementation of the National Climate Plan, although the 2013-2020 plan has not yet been released because of effort-sharing issues between the State and ...

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