2016 Belgium Key Figures
Population: 11.3 million
GDP growth rate: 1.45 %/year
Energy independence: 26.7%
Total consumption/GDP:* 84.6 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.15 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.51%
* at purchasing power parity
Belgium Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is 60% higher than the EU average, at 4.9 toe compared to 3.1 toe (2016). The difference is mainly due to a higher final consumption per capita (3.7 toe compared to 2.2 toe). Electricity consumption per capita is 30% above the EU average and amounted to 7 300 kWh in 2016.


Graph: TOTAL ...

Belgium energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

All the oil is imported (59 Mt in 2016). Crude oil accounts for around 58% of oil imports and 58% of crude imports come from Russia and Saudi Arabia (31% and 27%, respectively, in 2015). The country re-exports a substantial volume of oil products (around 26 Mt in 2016). There are four refineries located in Antwerp with a total capacity of 775 000 bbl/d. The refineries are focused on diesel ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been quite stable since the end of the 1990's, fluctuating around 23 Mt/y. In 2016, it went down slightly (-0.5%), driven by the residential sector.


The share of transport in total oil consumption was overtaken by of industry, including non-energy uses, in 2013 due to a strong growth in the consumption of naphtha. In 2016, ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption decreased by an average of 5.6%/year between its peak in 2010 (19.8 bcm) and 2014. The 4 bcm drop over the period comes from power plants (-2.2 bcm, -32%), industry (-1.4 bcm) and the residential-services sector (-1.2 bcm). Due to colder temperatures, gas consumption rebounded in 2015 by 10% and then by an additional 2% in 2016 to 17.7 bcm, driven by the residential ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption decreased strongly between 1990 and 2012 (-5.3%/year, on average,), driven by the power and industry sectors (6.2%/year and 4.5%/year, respectively), before stabilising until 2014 at around 5 Mt. It started to shrink once again in 2015 (-4%) and in 2016 (-11%), bringing coal consumption to 4.3 Mt.


Industry is the main coal ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption reached its peak in 2007 (86 TWh) and then decreased by an average of 0.8%/year until 2014 before slightly rebounding in 2015 by 1% and stabilising in 2016 at 83 TWh. Out of the 5 TWh consumption reduction observed between 2007 and 2014, 2.9 TWh was attributable to the residential sector and 2.4 TWh to industry while the services sector increased its consumption by ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In accordance with the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 13% by 2020 (including 10% in transport, nearly 12% in heating and cooling and nearly 21% in electricity). According to the Federal Planning Bureau's (FPB) "Economic Outlook 2017-2022" of June 2017, the target will not be met as renewables will only ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The policies to fight Climate Change are defined at the federal level, while the implementation is split between the State and the regions: each region has its own climate plan and target. The National Climate Commission (NCC) controls the implementation of the National Climate Plan, although the 2013-2020 plan has not yet been released because of effort-sharing issues between the State and ...

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