Belgium

2018 Belgium Key Figures
Population: 11.4 million
GDP growth rate: 1.43 %/year
Energy independence: 22.0%
Total consumption/GDP:* 77.0 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.46 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.44%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is 50% higher than the EU average, at 4.6 toe (2018). The difference is mainly due to a higher final consumption per capita (+1.4 toe). Electricity consumption per capita is 31% above the EU average and amounted to around 7 400 kWh in 2018.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY ...

Belgium energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

All the oil is imported (64 Mt in 2018). Crude oil accounts for around 52% of oil imports, while 82% of crude oil imports come from the Netherlands.

There are four refineries, all located in Anvers with a total capacity of (807 000 bbl/d): Total's refinery with 338 000 bbl/d, Exxonmobil's with 333 000 bbl/d, the Independent Belgian Oil Refinery with 107 500 bbl/d and Vitol's with ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been decreasing since 2015 (-8%), of which -1.5% in 2018, driven by the industrial sector (-10%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

In 2018, transport represented 41% of the oil consumption, industry 38%, and residential services & agriculture 16%.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

After a 23% drop between its peak in 2010 (20.6 bcm) and 2014 (15.9 bcm), gas consumption rebounded by 14% to 18.2 bcm in 2018. The 2.3 bcm increase came mainly from the residential sector (+1.2 bcm) and power plants (+0.7 bcm).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Buildings (residential and services sector) accounted for 38% of total gas consumption; the remaining amount ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

In 2018, coal consumption increased to 4.7 Mt (+3%). It decreased strongly between 1990 and 2017 (-3.5%/year on average).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Industry is the main coal consumer with a share of 77% (42% in 2009), followed by power plants with only 14% compared to 44% in 2009.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been increasing moderately by 0.5%/year since 2014 to reach 84 TWh in 2018. Before that, it decreased slightly between 2007 and 2014 (-0.5%/year).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The industrial sector accounts for 46% of the country's electricity consumption, compared to 26% for the services and 23% for the residential sectors ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In accordance with the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 13% by 2020 (including 10% in transport, nearly 12% in heating and cooling and nearly 21% in electricity) (9.1% reached in 2017).

According to projections of the Federal Planning Bureau's (FPB) "Economic Outlook 2018-2023" of June 2018, the target ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Belgium's GHG emissions in 2017 are 20% below their 1990 level. They have been decreasing in general since 1996.

Energy-related CO2 emissions fell by 19% between the country's peak emission level in 1998 (120 MtCO2) and 2018 (95 MtCO2).

The policies to fight Climate Change are defined at the federal level, while the implementation is split between the State and the ...

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