Brazil

2015 Brazil Key Figures
Population: 208 million
GDP growth rate: -3.8 %/year
Energy independence: 93.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 106 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 2.24 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 15.1%
* at purchasing power parity
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Brazil Related Research

Total Energy consumption

With a per capita consumption of 1.4 toe (2015), Brazil is within the average range for semi-industrialised countries but well below the European average of 3.1 toe.

Total energy consumption increased at a fairly rapid pace between 2000 and 2014 (3.5%/year, on average). In 2015, it...

Brazil energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

The country's oil production has been growing at the rapid average pace of 4.8%/year since 2000, bringing it to 129 Mt in 2015.Pre-salt oil production has been increasing rapidly and reached over 1 mb/d in June 2016, out of a total of 2.6 mb/d. The country became a net exporter of crude oil in...


 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product demand has been increasing strongly since 2003 (+4%/year, on average, between 2003 and 2014) and decreased by 5.4% in 2015, reaching 117 Mt.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

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 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas represents a low share of total energy demand (12%), but demand has been rising at the strong pace of 12%/year since 1999, which is when the first imports from Bolivia took place. This large increase is mainly due to the power sector and, to a lesser extent, industry. In 2015, it decreased...

America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal accounts for 6% of total energy demand. Consumption has been increasing steadily for a decade (+2.3%/year since 2000), with the strongest growth since 2009 (from 17.9 Mt in 2009 to 31 Mt in 2015).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

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 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity accounts for 18% of final energy consumption. Electricity demand increased at the rapid pace of 4.2%/year, on average, between 2001 and 2014, and decreased by 1.9% in 2015, to 514 TWh. Almost all households are electrified.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

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Renewable in % electricity production

According to the 10-year Energy Expansion Plan (PDE) released in 2015, the country plans to cover 45% of its primary energy consumption from renewables by 2024.

Plans and targets have also been set at the state level. Under the Paulista Energy Plan (EPP) of 2013, Sao Paolo State set an...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2015 Brazil unveiled its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC. Brazil has pledged to cut greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 37% by 2025, compared to 2005 levels, and to reach a 43% reduction by 2030. This target appears more ambitious than those of most developed...

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