Brazil

2017 Brazil Key Figures
Population: 209 million
GDP growth rate: 0.98 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 105 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 2.05 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 16.3%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

With a per capita consumption of 1.4 toe (2017), Brazil is within the average range for semi-industrialised countries but well below the European average of 3.1 toe.

Total energy consumption increased at a fairly rapid pace between 2000 and 2014 (3.5%/year, on average). After a two-year decrease (-1.6% in 2015 and -3.3% in 2016), it remained stable in 2017 (289 Mtoe).

Oil is the ...

Brazil energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

The country's oil production has been growing at the rapid pace of 4.7%/year since 2000, bringing it to 137 Mt in 2017. Pre-salt oil production reached over 1.4 mb/d in August 2018.

The country became a net exporter of crude oil in 2006 (net exports of 45 Mt in 2017): crude oil exports increased by 30% in 2017. Exports were mainly directed towards China (42%) and the Unites States ...


 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product demand increased strongly between 2003 and 2014 (+4%/year, on average) and decreased by 3.8%/year on average between 2014 and 2016. It remained stable in 2017 (110 Mt).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The transport sector is the main oil consumer (58% of consumption), followed by industry (23%). The residential-tertiary sector, power plants and other uses share ...


 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas demand has been rising at the strong pace of 12%/year between 1999, when the first imports from Bolivia took place, and 2014. This large increase is mainly due to the power sector and, to a lesser extent, industry. After a two-year decrease (by 8%/year on average), it increased by 5.9% in 2017 to 37 bcm.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Industry accounts for 31% ...

America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption increased steadily between 2009 and 2015 (from around 18 Mt in 2009 to 30 Mt in 2015). However, growth halted in 2016 and consumption went down to 27 Mt in 2017.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Industry accounts for 62% of demand, while the remainder is used to produce electricity.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity accounts for 19% of final energy consumption. Electricity demand increased at the rapid pace of 4.2%/year, on average, between 2001 and 2014, and has remained stable since then, at around 510 TWh. Almost all households are electrified.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Sectoral shares have remained roughly stable over the last decade. Industry absorbs 39% ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the 10-year Energy Expansion Plan 2027 (PDE 2027) released in 2018, the country plans to cover 48% of its primary energy consumption from renewables by 2027 (34% without hydropower). Wind, solar and biomass will account for 22% of the electricity production, while hydropower will account for 73%.

Plans and targets have also been set at the state level. For instance, in ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2016, Brazil submitted its NDC which aims to cut GHG emissions by 37% by 2025, compared to 2005 levels, and to reach a 43% reduction by 2030. It also committed to source 45% of its energy supply from renewables by 2030, up from 40% in 2014.

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion rose strongly between 2009 and 2014 (by around 8%/year). Because of the recession and the drop-in energy ...

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