Brazil

2018 Brazil Key Figures
Population: 211 million
GDP growth rate: 1.11 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 102 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.96 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 16.1%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

With a per capita consumption of 1.4 toe (2018), Brazil is within the average range for semi-industrialised countries but well below the European average of 3.1 toe.

Total energy consumption increased at a fairly rapid pace between 2000 and 2014 (3.5%/year, on average). After a two-year decrease (-1.6% in 2015 and -3.3% in 2016), it remained stable (290 Mtoe in 2018).

Oil is the ...

Brazil energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

The country's oil production grew at the rapid pace of 4.5%/year between 2000 and 2017, bringing it to 137 Mt; it decreased slightly in 2018 (-1.4%).

The country is a net exporter of crude oil (net exports of 45 Mt in 2018): crude oil exports increased by 30% in 2017 and became stable in 2018. Exports at end 2018 were mainly directed towards China (55%) and the Unites States ...


 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product demand has been decreasing rapidly since 2014 (-3%/year) to 107 Mt in 2018. It increased strongly between 2003 and 2014 (+4%/year, on average).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The transport sector is the main oil consumer (58% of consumption), followed by industry (23%). The residential-tertiary sector, power plants and other uses share the remaining quarter (11%, ...


 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas demand rose at the strong pace of 12%/year between 1999 and 2014. This large increase is mainly due to the power sector and, to a lesser extent, industry. It has decreased by 16% since then to 34 bcm in 2018 (-8% in 2018).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Industry accounts for 32% of the demand and power plants for 36%.

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY ...

America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption has been decreasing since a peak at 30 Mt in 2015, after a steady increase between 2009 and 2015 (27 Mt in 2018).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Industry accounts for 67% of demand, while the remainder is used to produce electricity.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption remained stable between 2014 and 2016, at around 510 TWh, and then increased by 1% in 2017 and 2018 (reaching 527.6 TWh in 2018). It increased at the rapid pace of 4.2%/year, on average, between 2001 and 2014. Almost all households are electrified. Electricity accounts for 19% of final energy consumption.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ...

Renewable in % electricity production

Plans and targets have been set at the state level. For instance, in 2013, Sao Paulo State set an increase in the share of renewables in its energy mix from 56% to 69% in 2020.

Since 2009, new contracts for wind, biomass and small hydro plant projects are awarded through competitive bidding. Under certain conditions, renewable power plants can benefit from feed-in tariffs ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

GHG emissions, as published by the National GHG emission registration system (SIRENE), have been decreasing since 2004 and reached 1 370 MtCO2eq in 2015 (latest data available). They were 50% lower than in 2005 and 2% below their 1990 level. The energy sector accounted for 33% of this total, agriculture for 31%, and land and forest use for 24%.

In its NDC (2016), Brazil aims to cut ...

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