Bulgaria

2016 Bulgaria Key Figures
Population: 7.13 million
GDP growth rate: 3.44 %/year
Energy independence: 63.4%
Total consumption/GDP:* 71.1 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.90 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.3%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita is 2.6 toe (18% lower than the EU average in 2016), with electricity accounting for about 4 200 kWh in 2016, which is 25% below the EU average. Bulgaria's energy intensity is one of the highest among EU countries (70% above the EU average in 2016).

Total energy consumption contracted by 2.8%/year between 2006 and 2013, reaching 17 Mtoe in 2013. It has been ...

Bulgaria energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production in Bulgaria is very limited (131 kt in 2016). This forces the country to import oil, with imports reaching 9.1 Mt in 2016 (6.7 Mt of crude oil and 2.3 Mt of oil products). Nearly 80% of crude oil imports come from Russia (79% in 2016).

Bulgaria has a large refinery with a capacity of 190 000 bbl/d (9.5 Mt/year), located in Burgas. In 2015, Lukoil commissioned a ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

After a 4.3%/year fall between 2006 and 2013 to 3.5 Mt, oil consumption has been recovering and reached 4.4 Mt in 2016 (+7.4%/year between 2013 and 2016).

Transport absorbs 70% of the oil products (2016), while industry and power plants only account for 10% and 7%, respectively.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2016, %)

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Following the 50% decrease between 1996 and 2002, gas consumption increased by 4%/year until 2007, and declined until 2014, when gas consumption fell to 2.9 bcm. It has been recovering since them, reaching 3.2 bcm in 2016 and 3.3 bcm in 2017 (+3.3% according to preliminary statistics).

The share of the electricity sector in that consumption has decreased since 2000, from 27% to 24% in ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

The consumption of coal and lignite (mainly lignite) has been increasing slightly since 2000 (+1.1% through 2017), with a very strong increase (+23%) in 2011. After a 13% drop in 2016, coal and lignite consumption grew by 10% in 2017, according to preliminary estimates.

The electricity sector is the main consumer of coal and lignite (94% in 2016).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased by 2%/year between 2000 and 2008, from 25 TWh to 30 TWh. Since then, power consumption has remained broadly stable at around 30 TWh. According to preliminary statistics, electricity consumption rose by 3.9% in 2017.

The residential sector is the largest electricity consuming sector (36% of total electricity consumption), followed by industry with 30% ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the European Directive on renewable energies, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 16% in 2020 (21% for electricity consumption, 24% for heating and cooling, and 10% for transport). Bulgaria reached its 16% target in 2012 (18.8% in 2016), but its new National Action Plan for Renewable Energy (2013) chose to slow down the development ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2002 Bulgaria ratified the Kyoto Protocol, committing itself to reducing GHG emissions by 8% compared to the reference year (1988). In 2015 emissions were 47% lower than their 1988 level (61 MtCO2). Most of the reduction took place between 1988 and 2000 (-51%), although emissions increased by 15% between 2000 and 2007.

In 2011, Bulgaria's Government approved a draft ...

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