2017 Bulgaria Key Figures
Population: 7.08 million
GDP growth rate: 3.56 %/year
Energy independence: 62.1%
Total consumption/GDP:* 70.3 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 6.45 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.5%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita is 2.7 toe (15% lower than the EU average in 2017), with electricity accounting for about 4 450 kWh in 2017 (21% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption contracted by 2.8%/year between 2006 and 2013, reaching 17 Mtoe in 2013. It has been growing again since then, reaching 19 Mtoe in 2017.

Bulgaria's energy intensity is one of the highest among EU ...

Bulgaria energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production is very limited (216 kt in 2017). Imports reached 9.7 Mt in 2017 (+6.6%), of which 7.2 Mt of crude oil and 2.5 Mt of oil products. Over 3/4 of crude oil imports come from Russia (76% in 2018), followed by Egypt (20%).

Bulgaria has a large refinery with a capacity of 200 000 bbl/d (10 Mt/year), located in Burgas. In 2015, Lukoil commissioned a 50 000 bbl/d (2.5 Mt/year) ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

After a 4.4%/year fall between 2006 and 2013 to 3.3 Mt, oil consumption has been recovering and reached 4.2 Mt in 2017 (+6.1%/year between 2013 and 2017). According to preliminary estimates, oil product consumption rose by 3.6% in 2018.

Transport absorbs around 70% of the oil products (69% in 2017), while industry and power plants only account for 9% and 8%, respectively.

Graph: ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Following the 50% decrease between 1996 and 2002, gas consumption increased by 4%/year until 2007, and declined by 3.2%/year until 2014, when gas consumption fell to 2.9 bcm. It has been recovering since then, reaching 3.3 bcm in 2017. According to preliminary statistics, gas consumption declined by 5.8% in 2018 to 3.1 bcm.

The share of the electricity sector in gas consumption ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

The consumption of coal and lignite (mainly lignite) has been increasing slightly since 2000 (+1.1% through 2017). After a 13% drop in 2016, it grew by 10% in 2017. According to preliminary estimates, it decreased again in 2018 (-11%) to 31 Mt.

The electricity sector is the main consumer of coal and lignite (94% in 2017).


Graph: COAL ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption remained broadly stable at around 30 TWh until 2016, but rose by 3.9% in 2017. It declined by 3.8% in 2018, according to preliminary statistics. It increased by 2%/year between 2000 and 2008.

The residential sector is the largest electricity consuming sector (35% of total electricity consumption), followed by industry and services with 29% each ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 16% in 2020 (21% for electricity, 24% for heating and cooling, and 11% for transport). Bulgaria already exceeded its target (since 2012) and reached a share of nearly 19% in 2017 (19% for electricity, 30% for heating and cooling and 7.2% for transport). Its ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2015, GHG emissions were 47% lower than their 1988 level (reference year for its Kyoto commitment of -8%). Emissions increased by 15% between 2000 and 2007 and have evolved erratically since then (60 Mt in 2016).

Ahead of the COP21, Bulgaria and other EU members announced a binding 40% GHG emission reduction target by 2030 compared to 1990 (Nationally Determined ...

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