Bulgaria

2015 Bulgaria Key Figures
Population: 7.18 million
GDP growth rate: 2.97 %/year
Energy independence: 65.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 75.0 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 6.45 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.2%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita is 2.6 toe (17% lower than the EU average), with electricity accounting for about 4 000 kWh in 2015, which is 28% below the EU average. Bulgaria's energy intensity is one of the highest among EU countries (83% above the EU average in 2015).

Total energy consumption...

Bulgaria energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production in Bulgaria is very limited (60 kt in 2015). This forces the country to import oil, with imports reaching 9 Mt in 2015 (6.7 Mt of crude oil and 2.3 Mt of oil products). Nearly 80% of crude oil imports come from Russia (79% in 2016, followed by Egypt with 17% and Turkey with 3%)....

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption fell by 4.2%/year, on average, between 2006 and 2013, reaching 3.5 Mt. However, it resumed in 2014 (+6%) and 2015 (+4%). Oil product consumption rose by 5.7% in 2015 (+3.8% in 2016 according to preliminary statistics).

Transport absorbs more than 2/3 of the oil products....

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Following the 50% decrease between 1996 and 2002, gas consumption increased by 4%/year until 2007, and declined until 2014, when gas consumption fell to 2.9 bcm. It recovered in 2015 and in 2016, reaching 3.2 bcm.

The share of the electricity sector in that consumption has decreased since...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite

The consumption of coal and lignite (mainly lignite) remained relatively stable until 2007. After a strong increase in 2010 and 2011, it fell in 2012 and 2013, reaching 29 Mt (22% below its 2011 level). Demand resumed in 2014 (+9.2%) and in 2015 (+9.6%),...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased slightly between 1999 and 2008 (+2%/year). Since then, power consumption is following a slightly declining trend, reaching 29 TWh in 2014 and remaining stable in 2015. According to preliminary statistics, electricity consumption grew slightly in 2016 (+1.2%)....

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the European Directive on renewable energies, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 16% in 2020 (21% for electricity consumption, 24% for heating and cooling, and 10% for transport). Bulgaria reached its 16% target in 2012 (18.2% in 2015...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2002 Bulgaria ratified the Kyoto Protocol, committing itself to reducing GHG emissions by 8% compared to the reference year (1988). In 2015 emissions were 47% lower than their 1988 level (61 MtCO2). Most of the reduction took place between...

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