Bulgaria

2018 Bulgaria Key Figures
Population: 7.03 million
GDP growth rate: 3.08 %/year
Energy independence: 62.8%
Total consumption/GDP:* 64.9 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.81 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.34%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita is 2.6 toe (16% lower than the EU average in 2018), with electricity accounting for about 4 400 kWh in 2018 (22% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption has been fluctuating around 18-19 Mt since 2014 (18 Mt in 2018, 2.5% less than in 2017). It had contracted by 2.7%/year between 2006 and 2013 (from 20 Mtoe to less than 17 Mtoe).

Bulgaria's energy ...

Bulgaria energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production is very limited (210 kt in 2018). Imports reached 8 Mt in 2018 (-16%), including 6 Mt of crude oil and 2 Mt of oil products. Over 3/4 of crude oil imports come from Russia (76% in 2018), followed by Egypt (20%).

Bulgaria has a large refinery with a capacity of 200 000 bbl/d (10 Mt/year), located in Burgas. In 2015, Lukoil commissioned a 50 000 bbl/d (2.5 Mt/year) unit, ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been increasing rapidly since 2013 (5%/year) and reached 4.3 Mt in 2018; it fell by 4.4%/year between 2006 and 2013 to 3.3 Mt. According to preliminary estimates, oil product consumption declined by 7% in 2019.

Transport absorbs around 2/3 of the oil products (66% in 2018), while industry and power plants only account for 16% and 4%, respectively.

Graph: OIL ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption, which had been rising by 4.9%/year between 2014 and 2017, declined by 5.8% in 2018 to 3.1 bcm and by 6.4% in 2019 to 2.9 bcm, according to preliminary statistics. Over 2002-2014, it fluctuated around 3 bcm after falling by a factor of 2 between 1996 and 2002.

The share of the electricity sector in gas consumption has decreased since 2010, from 30% to 23% in 2018. ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

The consumption of coal and lignite (mainly lignite) has been fluctuating between 30 Mt and 35 Mt (except for a 40 Mt peak in 2011). It contracted by 11% in 2018 to 30 Mt (higher hydropower and nuclear generation reducing the needs for coal in the power sector) and by another 8% in 2019 according to preliminary estimates.

The electricity sector is the main consumer of coal and lignite ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased by 2.2%/year between 2013 and 2017. It declined by 1.6% in 2018 to 31 TWh, but recovered in 2019 (+1.7% according to preliminary statistics). It increased by 2%/year between 2000 and 2008.

The residential sector is the largest electricity consuming sector (35% of total electricity consumption in 2018), followed by industry (30%) and services ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The national target fixed by the EU Directive on renewables of 16% of renewables in final consumption in 2020 was exceeded in 2012 (20.5% in 2018, of which 22% for electricity, 33% for heating and cooling and 8.1% for transport).

In its NECP (2019), the country set a target of 25% of renewables in final energy consumption by 2030, including 17% for electricity, 44% for heating and ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2017, GHG emissions were 53% lower than their 1988 level (reference year for its Kyoto commitment of -8%). Emissions rose by 13% between 2000 and 2007 and have evolved erratically since then (62 Mt in 2017).

Ahead of the COP21, Bulgaria and other EU members announced a binding 40% GHG emission reduction target by 2030 compared to 1990 (Nationally Determined ...

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