Bulgaria

2014 Bulgaria Key Figures
Population: 7.22 million
GDP growth rate: 1.71 %/year
Energy independence: 64.3%
Total consumption/GDP:* 74.6 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 6.04 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.0%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita is 2.5 toe (19% lower than the EU average), with electricity accounting for about 3 950 kWh in 2014, which is 28% below the EU average. Bulgaria's energy intensity is one of the highest among EU countries (almost 90% above the EU average).

Total energy consumption...

Bulgaria energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production in Bulgaria is very limited (45 kt in 2014). This forces the country to import oil, with imports reaching 8 Mt in 2014. More than 80% of crude oil imports come from Russia.

Bulgaria has a large refinery with a capacity of 195 000 bbl/d (9.75 Mt/year), located on the Black...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption fell by 4.2%/year, on average, between 2006 and 2013, reaching 3.5 Mt. However, it resumed in 2014 (+7%) and 2015 (+6%) according to preliminary statistics.

Transport absorbs almost 2/3 of the oil products.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Following the 50% decrease between 1996 and 2002, gas consumption increased by 4%/year until 2007, and has been following a downward trend since 2008. In 2014 gas consumption was 21% below its 2007 level, at 2.8 bcm. According to preliminary data, gas consumption in 2015 grew by 8.6% due to...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

The consumption of coal and lignite (mainly lignite) remained relatively stable until 2007. After a strong increase in 2010 and 2011, it fell in 2012 and 2013, reaching 30 Mt (24% below its 2011 level). Demand resumed in 2014 (+9.4%) and in 2015 (+9.6%).

The electricity sector is the main...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased slightly between 1999 and 2008 (1.8%/year). Since then, power consumption is following a slightly declining trend, reaching 28.5 TWh in 2014. According to preliminary statistics, final electricity consumption remained stable in 2015.

The residential...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 16% in 2020 (21% for electricity consumption, 24% for heating and cooling, and 10% for transport).

The 10% target for renewables in transport remains to be...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2002 Bulgaria ratified the Kyoto Protocol, committing itself to reducing GHG emissions by 8% compared to the reference year (1988). In 2013 emissions were 58% lower than their 1988 level (56 MtCO2). Most of the reduction took place between 1988 and 2000 (-55%), although emissions...

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