Canada

2018 Canada Key Figures
Population: 37.0 million
GDP growth rate: 2.07 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 87.3 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 16.1 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.0%
* at purchasing power parity
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Canada Related Research

Total Energy consumption

At 8.1 toe, Canada's per capita energy consumption is among the highest in the world and almost triple the average EU level. Electricity consumption per capita is around 14 300 kWh.

Total energy consumption has been increasing slightly since 2010 (0.9%/year on average at normal climate), with a net acceleration since 2015 (2.3%/year at normal climate), reaching 301 Mtoe in ...

Canada energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production (crude, NGL and non-conventional oil) has increased by 54% since 2009 (6%/year) and has almost doubled since 2000 to 259 Mt in 2018. Production has been increasing following the development of non-conventional oil (synthetic oil from oil sands and raw bitumen), which now accounts for 57% of total oil production, and offshore production.

Net oil exports have more than ...


 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products has increased since 2009 (108 Mt in 2018). The transport sector is the biggest consumer of oil products (more than half of the total), followed by industry (including non-energy uses).

GRAPH: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

GRAPH: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)


 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

The consumption of natural gas has been increasing by 2.1%/year between 2010 and 2016 and grew very rapidly since then (8%/year); it reached 128 bcm in 2018.

The oil and gas sector, in particular the exploitation of oil sands, is the largest consumer of natural gas with 43%. It is followed by buildings (26%) and power plants (14%).

GRAPH: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION ...

America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption have been decreasing since 2007 by 3.5%/year, reaching 36 Mt in 2018. The power sector represents 86% of consumption.

GRAPH: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

GRAPH: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased by about 1.8%/year since 2015 and reached 529 TWh in 2018.

Industry is the largest electricity consumer, followed by the residential and services sectors.

GRAPH: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

GRAPH: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

Renewable in % electricity production

In Ontario, a bill on renewables (Green Energy and Green Economy Act) introduced feed-in tariffs (FiTs) in 2009. In 2016, the government launched its 2nd Large Renewable Procurement (LRP), expecting to save C$3.3bn by replacing the FiTs scheme with a competitive process for 930 MW in total (600 MW wind, 330 MW solar, small hydro and bioenergy). But at the end of 2016, the government decided ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

GHG emissions reached 716 MtCO2eq (excluding LULUCF) in 2017 according to the national inventory. This is a 2% decrease compared to 2005 levels. Since 2013, emissions are stable.

The country submitted its NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution) in 2015, announcing a GHG reduction target of 30% in 2030 compared to 2005 levels. This objective relies on GHG reduction programmes by ...

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