Canada

2017 Canada Key Figures
Population: 36.7 million
GDP growth rate: 3.04 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 85.6 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 17.0 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.3%
* at purchasing power parity
Canada Related Research

Total Energy consumption

At about 7.8 toe, Canada's per capita energy consumption is among the highest in the world and double the average EU level. Electricity consumption per capita is around 15 600 kWh.

Total energy consumption has been increasing slightly since 2010 (0.9%/year on average at normal climate), with a net acceleration since 2015 (2.2%/year at normal climate), reaching 287 Mtoe in ...

Canada energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production (crude, NGL and non-conventional oil) has increased by 54% since 2009 (5.5%/year) and has almost doubled since 2000 to 240 Mt in 2017. Production has been increasing following the development of non-conventional oil (synthetic oil from oil sands and raw bitumen), which now accounts for 57% of total oil production, and offshore production.

Net oil exports have more than ...


 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products has been decreasing slightly between 2012 and 2015 and increased rapidly since then (105 Mt in 2017). The transport sector is the biggest consumer of oil products (more than half of the total), followed by industry (including non-energy uses).

GRAPH: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

GRAPH: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)


 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

The consumption of natural gas has been increasing rapidly since 2010 (4.7%/year) and reached 134 bcm in 2017. The oil and gas sector, in particular the exploitation of oil sands, is the largest consumer of natural gas with 46%. It is followed by buildings (25%) and power plants (15%).

GRAPH: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

GRAPH: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, ...

America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has been decreasing since 2007, reaching 39 Mt in 2017. The power sector represents 88% of consumption.

GRAPH: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

GRAPH: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has increased by about 7% in 2017 to 535 TWh, after staying fairly stable over 2011-2016. Industry is the largest electricity consumer, followed by the residential and services sectors.

GRAPH: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

GRAPH: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

Renewable in % electricity production

There have been many federal programmes, such as the "ecoENERGY for Renewable Power Program", aimed at encouraging the development of renewables including wind, low-impact hydro, biomass, photovoltaic and geothermal energy.

In Ontario, a bill on renewables (Green Energy and Green Economy Act) introduced feed-in tariffs (FiTs) in 2009. In 2016, the government launched its 2nd Large ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The country submitted its NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution) in 2015, announcing a GHG reduction target of 30% in 2030 compared to 2005 levels. This objective relies on GHG reduction programmes by provincial governments. Compared to 1990 emission levels, the NDC target implies significant additional abatement policies, as emissions have been increasing steadily. The fastest growing ...

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