2016 Canada Key Figures
Population: 36.3 million
GDP growth rate: 1.47 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 85.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 16.3 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.3%
* at purchasing power parity
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Canada Related Research

Total Energy consumption

At about 7.7 toe, Canada's per capita energy consumption is among the highest in the world and double the average EU level. Electricity consumption per capita is around 14 700 kWh.

Total energy consumption has been increasing slightly since 2000 (0.6%/year on average), reaching 278 Mtoe...

Canada energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production (crude, NGL and non-conventional oil) has increased by 43% since 2009 and by 78% since 2000 to 223 Mt in 2016. Production has been increasing following the development of non-conventional oil (synthetic oil from oil sands and raw bitumen), which now accounts for 56% of total oil...

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products has been decreasing slightly since 2012 (103 Mt in 2016). The transport sector is the biggest consumer of oil products (more than half of the total), followed by industry (including non-energy uses).



 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

The consumption of natural gas has been increasing rapidly since 2010 (4.3%/year) and reached 125 bcm in 2016. The oil and gas sector, in particular the exploitation of oil sands, is the largest consumer of natural gas with 37%. It is followed by buildings (24%) and industry (16%), whereas power...

America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has been decreasing since 2007, reaching 40 Mt in 2016. The power sector represents 88% of consumption.



 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has remained roughly stable since 2009 (535 TWh in 2016). Industry is the largest electricity consumer, followed by the residential and services sectors.



Renewable in % electricity production

There have been many federal programmes, such as the "ecoENERGY for Renewable Power Program", aimed at encouraging the development of renewables including wind, low-impact hydro, biomass, photovoltaic and geothermal energy.

In Ontario, by 2018 renewables (excluding hydro...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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