China

2017 China Key Figures
Population: 1386 million
GDP growth rate: 6.77 %/year
Energy independence: 80.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 61.3 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 6.53 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.40%
* at purchasing power parity
China Related Analysis
China Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita was around 2.2 toe/cap in 2017 (more than threefold India's per capita consumption and equal to 70% of the EU average).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption increased significantly between 2000 and 2011 (8.1%/year). The growth in energy consumption has continued since then, but at a lower rate, in ...

China energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

China is a major oil producer, with about 194 Mt in 2017. Oil production increased by an average of 2%/year between 2000 and 2015. Subsequently, it dropped by 7% in 2016 and 4% in 2017, on an annual basis.

Most of the production is onshore (90%) and located in the fields close to the north-eastern coast (Daqing and Shenghi). Offshore production is in full development, with the basin ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products is increasing strongly (6%/year, on average, between 2000 and 2017). The transport sector is the biggest consumer of oil products with a 47% share in oil product consumption followed by industry which consumed around 32% in 2017 (including non-energy uses).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption has increased strongly since 2000 (15%/year over 2000-2014, on average), showing a slow-down in 2015 to 4% before increasing again by 8% and 15% in 2016 and 2017, respectively. Industry is the main consumer (30% including non-energy uses). The share of the power sector is still low (18%), but is increasing (+11 points since 2005).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION ...

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption fell, for the first time since the beginning of the 21th century, between 2013 and 2016 (-3.3% in 2014, -1.7% in 2015, -4.7% in 2016). Previously, coal consumption had followed a very strong upward trend since 2000 (8.9%/year, on average, between 2000 and 2013). Consumption stabilized in 2017 at 3.6 Gt. The power and industry sectors represent 88% of electricity ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Domestic electricity consumption has increased strongly since 2002 (12%/year, on average, between 2002 and 2013). Growth has been slower since 2013 (about 5%/year). Industry is the main consumer (62% in 2017), followed by residential and services (16% and 13%, respectively).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In 2016, the NEA released "Guiding Opinions on Establishing Renewable Energy Portfolio Standards," which set renewable energy consumption targets for China. This document recalls national 2015 and 2020 targets of 15% of total primary energy consumption by 2020 and 20% by 2030. It also sets non-hydro renewables to produce 9% of consumed electricity by 2020. The Opinions break down non-hydro ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The country's CO2 emissions from energy combustion have almost quadrupled since 1990, rapidly increasing at a rate of 8% per year between 1999 and 2013 in tandem with the explosive increase in China's GDP growth rate to double digit figures. CO2 emissions plateaued at 8.8 GtCO2 during 3 consecutive years (2014-2016) with the fall in coal consumption. The recent increase in coal consumption ...

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