China

2019 China Key Figures
Population: 1401 million
GDP growth rate: 6.14 %/year
Energy independence: 81.8%
Total consumption/GDP:* 57.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 6.94 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.23%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita was around 2.3 toe/cap in 2019 (3.5 times India's level).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption has been growing at a slower rate since 2016 (3.3%/year over 2016-2019) compared to historical levels (6.2%/year between 2000 and 2016).

Coal (including lignite) still dominates the energy mix with ...

China energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

China is a major oil producer, with about 195 Mt in 2019 (7th largest worldwide). Oil production increased by an average of 2%/year between 2000 and 2015, but declined by 11% between 2015 and 2018. It slightly rebounded in 2019 (+1%).

Most of the production is onshore (90%) and located in the fields close to the north-eastern coast (Daqing and Shenghi). Offshore production is in full ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products increased strongly (4.9%/year, on average) between 2000 and 2017 and has been accelerating since then (+6.3%/year over 2017-2019). The transport sector accounts for nearly half of oil product consumption, followed by industry with around 30% in 2019 (including non-energy uses).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption has accelerated strongly since 2009 (+13%/year over 2009-2019).

Industry represents one-third of this consumption. The share of the power sector is still low (20%), but is increasing (+15 points since 2005).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has been progressing slowly since 2016 (1%/year), reaching 3.8 Gt in 2019. Between 2000 and 2013, it had increased very rapidly (8.9%/year) and decreased between 2013 and 2016 (-2%/year).

The power and industry sectors represent 91% of coal and lignite consumption, with 61% and 30%, respectively. The share of the power sector has been continually ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has increased strongly since 2002 (nearly 10%/year).

Industry is the main consumer (59% in 2019), followed by services and residential (18% and 16%, respectively).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019,%)

Renewable in % electricity production

The country targets a share of 15% of renewables in the total primary energy consumption in 2020 and 20% in 2030 ("Guiding Opinions on Establishing Renewable Energy Portfolio Standards", NEA, 2016) (9% reached in 2019).

The country also set targets on the share of non-hydro renewables in electricity consumption: 9% in 2020 (NEA, 2016, nearly 8% reached in 2019) and 35% in 2030 (NDRC, ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

China ratified the Paris Climate Agreement in 2016. China's NDC set the objective of achieving a peak CO2 reduction around 2030, or earlier if possible; lowering CO2 per unit of GDP by 60% to 65% from 2005 levels; increasing the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 20%; and increasing the forest stock volume by around 4.5 bcm above the 2005 level.

The ...

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