China

2018 China Key Figures
Population: 1394 million
GDP growth rate: 6.57 %/year
Energy independence: 80.8%
Total consumption/GDP:* 58.9 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 6.77 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.23%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita was around 2.3 toe/cap in 2018 (more than threefold India's per capita consumption and equal to 70% of the EU average of 2017).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption has been growing at a slower rate since 2012 (1.2% between 2014 and 2016, 2.2% growth over 2016-2018, compared to 8%/year between 2000 ...

China energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

China is a major oil producer, with about 194 Mt in 2018. Oil production increased by an average of 2%/year between 2000 and 2015. Since then, it dropped by 2.5%.

Most of the production is onshore (90%) and located in the fields close to the north-eastern coast (Daqing and Shenghi). Offshore production is in full development, with the basin of Bohai (where CNOOC, PetroChina, ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products is increasing strongly (5.7%/year, on average, between 2000 and 2018). The transport sector accounts for 50% of oil product consumption, followed by industry with around 30% in 2018 (including non-energy uses).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption has accelerated since 2007 (+12%/year over 2007-2018, on average).

Industry represents one-third of this consumption. The share of the power sector is still low (18%), but is increasing (+13 points since 2005).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption fell between 2013 and 2016 (-10%). Previously, it had increased very rapidly (8.9%/year between 2000 and 2013). Consumption stabilized in 2018 at 3.8 Gt.

The power and industry sectors represent 92% of coal and lignite consumption, with 60% and 32%, respectively. The share of the power sector has been continually increasing (45% in 2000).

Graph: COAL ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has increased strongly since 2002 (more than 10%/year).

Industry is the main consumer (59% in 2018), followed by services and residential (17% and 16% respectively).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018,%)

Renewable in % electricity production

In 2016, the NEA released its "Guiding Opinions on Establishing Renewable Energy Portfolio Standards," which recall national targets of 15% of total primary energy consumption by 2020 and 20% by 2030, and also targets non-hydro renewables to produce 9% of electricity consumption by 2020 (with requirements for each province and region ranging from 5% to 13%). In September 2018, the NDRC set ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

China ratified the Paris Climate Agreement in 2016. China's NDC set the objective of achieving a peak CO2 reduction around 2030, or earlier if possible; lowering CO2 per unit of GDP by 60% to 65% from 2005 levels; increasing the share of non-fossil fuels in primary energy consumption to around 20%; and increasing the forest stock volume by around 4.5 bcm above the 2005 level.

The ...

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