Colombia

2017 Colombia Key Figures
Population: 49.1 million
GDP growth rate: 1.70 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 83.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.48 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.5%
* at purchasing power parity
Colombia Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Per capita consumption is around 0.74 toe and 1 100 kWh of electricity (2017).

Total energy consumption has increased by 2.5%/year since 2003. It reached 37 Mtoe in 2017.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2017, %)

In 2017, oil ensured 39% of the country's consumption, gas 24% (up from 14% ...

Colombia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production decreased from 52 Mt in 2015 to 45 Mt in 2017. Previously, it rose at the very rapid pace of 15%/year between 2007 and 2011 thanks to greater investments in the sector.

The total capacity of oil pipelines reaches 1.2 mb/d (2017). The OCENSA, Cano Limon and Alto Magdalena oil pipelines connect the fields of Cusiana-Cupiagua, Cano Limon and Neiva fields, respectively, to ...


 Crude oil production

Renewable in % electricity production

In 2014 Colombia passed a law aimed at encouraging the penetration of renewable energies. Tax incentives were introduced in 2016 for all new non-conventional power plant projects. These incentives consist of four tax breaks, namely a 50% tax break on investments over five years, accelerated depreciation of assets, zero sales tax for project-associated goods, and an exemption from import ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

According to its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), Colombia has pledged to cut GHG emissions by at least 20% in 2030 compared to a BAU scenario, a target that could be raised to 25% or 30%, if it receives financial backing from the international community to speed up some of its carbon reduction programmes.

In 2016, Fundacion Natura (environmental charity) launched a voluntary ...

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