Colombia

2018 Colombia Key Figures
Population: 49.5 million
GDP growth rate: 2.81 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 87.0 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.56 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.20%
* at purchasing power parity
Colombia Related News
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Colombia Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Per capita consumption is around 0.79 toe and 1 400 kWh of electricity (2018).

Total energy consumption has remained roughly stable around 39-40 Mtoe since 2013 (39 Mtoe in 2018).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2018, %)

In 2018, oil ensured 43% of the country's consumption, gas 24% (up ...

Colombia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production decreased from 52 Mt in 2015 to 42 Mt in 2018. Previously, it rose at the very rapid pace of 15%/year between 2007 and 2011 thanks to greater investments in the sector.

The total capacity of oil pipelines reaches 1.2 mb/d (2017).

The OCENSA, Cano Limon and Alto Magdalena oil pipelines connect the fields of Cusiana-Cupiagua, Cano Limon and Neiva fields, ...


 Crude oil production

Renewable in % electricity production

In February 2019, the country's first renewable energy auction was launched and received bids totalling 1 500 MW from 27 companies. It was than declared void over competition concerns and no projects were awarded. The government plans to hold a new auction by mid-2019. The tender process would have granted contracts for the supply of 1,183 GWh under 12-year PPAs. The projects were due to ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

According to its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), Colombia has pledged to cut GHG emissions by at least 20% in 2030 compared to a BAU scenario, a target that could be raised to 25% or 30%, if it receives financial backing from the international community.

CO2 emissions from energy combustion increased by around 55% between 2008 and 2016. They decreased by 14% in 2017 and ...

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