Colombia

2015 Colombia Key Figures
Population: 48.3 million
GDP growth rate: 3.08 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 82.8 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.46 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.3%
* at purchasing power parity
Colombia Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Per capita consumption is around 0.73 toe and 1 080 kWh of electricity (2015).

Total energy consumption has increased by 2.6%/year since 2003. It reached 35 Mtoe in 2015.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY (2015, %)

In 2015, oil ensured 40% of the country's consumption, gas 23% (up from 14% ...

Colombia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Since 2011, oil production has increased by 2%/year to reach 52 Mt in 2015. Previously, it rose at the very rapid pace of 15%/year between 2007 and 2011 thanks to greater investments in the sector.

The total capacity of oil pipelines reaches 1.2 mb/d (end of 2014). The OCENSA, Cano Limon and Alto Magdalena oil pipelines connect the fields of Cusiana-Cupiagua, Cano Limon and Neiva ...


 Crude oil production

Renewable in % electricity production

In 2014 Colombia passed a law aimed at encouraging the penetration of renewable energies. A 2015 decree introduced tax incentives as of February 2016 for all new non-conventional power plant projects. These incentives consist of four tax breaks, namely a 50% tax break on investments over five years, accelerated depreciation of assets, zero sales tax for project-associated goods, and an ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

According to its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), Colombia has pledged to cut GHG emissions by at least 20% in 2030 compared to a BAU scenario, a target that could be raised to 25% or 30%, if it receives financial backing from the international community to speed up some of its carbon reduction programmes.

In 2016, Fundacion Natura (environmental charity) launched a ...

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