Croatia

2017 Croatia Key Figures
Population: 4.15 million
GDP growth rate: 2.76 %/year
Energy independence: 48.4%
Total consumption/GDP:* 84.5 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.07 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.3%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 2.1 toe in 2017, with electricity accounting for 3 900 kWh. These figures are 33% and 31% below the EU averages, respectively.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption declined by an average of 3.1%/year between 2007 and 2014 but increased by 2.6%/year between 2014 and 2017 with the economic recovery to ...

Croatia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

The country produced 0.8 Mt in 2017. Crude oil imports fell by 10%/year between 2010 (3.6 Mt) and 2014 (2.4 Mt), mainly due to the low utilisation rate of the refineries, but have recovered since then (3.2 Mt in 2017 and 3 Mt in 2018, according to preliminary statistics).

The refining capacity of 134 000 bbl/d is spread over two refineries, 44 000 bbl/d Sisak and 90 000 bbl/d Rijeka. ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products decreased by 5.8%/year (-34%) between 2007 and 2014, but has been recovering since then (+3.3%/year) to 3.4 Mt in 2017 (+5.6% in 2017).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The share of transport in oil product consumption rose from 37% in 2000 to 60% in 2017. Conversely, the share of the power sector shrunk from 12% in 2009 to 1% in ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption has been rising rapidly since 2014,by 6.7%/year to 3 bcm in 2017 (+14% in 2017), driven by the commissioning of the Sisak-3 CCGT power plant in 2015. According to preliminary statistics, gas consumption declined by 7% in 2018, due to an improved hydropower availability. It dropped by an average of 6.8%/year between 2010 and 2014.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption more than tripled between 1999 and 2004 following the commissioning of the 210 MW Plomin-2 power plant. Coal consumption remained broadly stable at around 1.1 Mt/year until 2016, but fell by 37% in 2017 after a fire at Plomin-1 suspended operations as of May 2017.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Electricity production absorbed 77% of the coal consumed in ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been recovering since 2014 (+2.1%/year), reaching 16 TWh in 2017 (+2.9% in 2017). It soared between 2000 and 2008 (+3.9%/year) and declined until 2014 (-1.4%/year).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The share of the residential sector in power consumption contracted from 46% in 2000 to 39% in 2017, while the share of services increased from ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The target of the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2013) for a share of 20% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020 has already been reached (27% in 2017, including 46% for power production and 36.5% for heating and cooling).

According to the draft Green Book released in October 2018, the share of renewables in the gross final energy consumption should reach ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Croatia easily reached its Kyoto Protocol target with GHG emissions in 2012 19% below their 1990 level, compared to a target of a 5% reduction. Total emissions in 2016 were 24% below the 1990 level at less than 25 Mt.

Croatia's draft Strategy for Low Emissions Development by 2030 with an outlook by 2050 was submitted to public consultation in 2017. It aims to cut GHG emissions by 40% ...

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