Croatia

2018 Croatia Key Figures
Population: 4.09 million
GDP growth rate: 2.63 %/year
Energy independence: 48.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 80.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.08 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.70%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 2.2 toe, with electricity accounting for nearly 4 100 kWh (2018). These figures are 31% and 27% below the EU averages, respectively.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption increased by 2.8%/year between 2014 and 2017 with the economic recovery and remained stable at 8.8 Mtoe in 2018. Previously, it ...

Croatia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

The country produced 0.8 Mt in 2018. Crude oil imports fell by 10%/year between 2010 (3.6 Mt) and 2014 (2.4 Mt), mainly due to the low utilisation rate of the refineries but have recovered since then (3.3 Mt in 2018).

The refining capacity of 134 000 bbl/d is spread over two refineries, 44 000 bbl/d Sisak and 90 000 bbl/d Rijeka. Their production dropped by 39% between 2009 and 2014 ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products has been recovering since 2014 (+3%/year) to 3.4 Mt in 2018, after a rapid decrease (by 5.8%/year) between 2007 and 2014 (-34%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The share of transport in oil product consumption rose from 37% in 2000 to 61% in 2018. Conversely, the share of the power sector shrunk from 12% in 2009 to less than 1% in ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption, which rose rapidly between 2014 and 2017 (+7.2%/year, spurred by the commissioning of the Sisak-3 CCGT power plant in 2015), dipped by 8.3% to 2.8 bcm in 2018, due to improved hydropower availability. It dropped by an average of 6.8%/year between 2010 and 2014.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Industry is the main consuming sector (34%, including ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption more than tripled between 1999 and 2004 following the commissioning of the 210 MW Plomin-2 power plant. Coal consumption remained broadly stable at around 1.1 Mt/year until 2016 but fell by 39% in 2017 after a fire at Plomin-1 suspended operations as of May 2017. Coal consumption declined again in 2018 (-8%) to 0.6 Mt.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Power ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been recovering since 2014 (+2.4%/year), reaching 16.7 TWh in 2018 (+1.8% in 2018). It soared between 2000 and 2008 (+3.9%/year) and declined until 2014 (-1.4%/year).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The share of the residential sector in power consumption contracted from 47% in 2000 to 38% in 2018, while the share of services increased ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The target of the National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP, 2013) for a share of 20% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020 has already been reached (28% in 2018, including 48% for power, 36.5% for heating and cooling, and 3.9% for transport).

According to the NECP (December 2019), the share of renewables in the final energy consumption should be raised to 36.4% in ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Total GHG emissions in 2017 were 21% below the 1990 level at 25.5 Mt. GHG emissions, which fell by 4%/year between 2007 and 2014, have been growing since then (1.8%/year between 2014 and 2017).

In its NECP, Croatia aims to cut its GHG emissions by 43% by 2030 (compared with 2005 level) in ETS sectors and by 7% in non-ETS sectors. Croatia's draft Strategy for Low Emissions Development ...

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