Croatia

2016 Croatia Key Figures
Population: 4.17 million
GDP growth rate: 2.93 %/year
Energy independence: 54.3%
Total consumption/GDP:* 85.3 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.04 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.3%
* at purchasing power parity
Croatia Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita has fallen by 10% since its peak level of 2007 (2.3 toe), bringing it to 2 toe in 2016, with electricity accounting for 3 150 kWh. These figures are 35% and 43% below the EU averages, respectively.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption declined by an average of 3.1%/year between 2007 and 2014, but ...

Croatia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

The country produced 0.5 Mt in 2016. Crude oil imports fell by 10%/year between 2010 (4 Mt) and 2014 (2.4 Mt), mainly due to the low utilisation rate of the refineries, but have recovered since then (3 Mt in 2016). According to preliminary statistics, they grew by 12% in 2017.

The refining capacity of 134 000 bbl/d is spread over two refineries, 44 000 bbl/d Sisak and 90 000 bbl/d ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products decreased by 5.9%/year (-35%) between 2007 and 2014, but has been recovering since then (+2.3%/year to 3.2 Mt).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The share of transport in oil product consumption rose from 37% in 2000 to 57% in 2016. Conversely, the share of the power sector shrunk from 12% in 2009 to less than 3% in 2016.

Graph: OIL ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption dropped by an average of 6.8%/year between 2010 and 2014, but rose by 4.4%/year to 2.7 bcm in 2016, driven by the power sector (+80%) due to the commissioning of the Sisak-3 CCGT power plant. According to preliminary statistics, gas consumption soared again in 2017 (+18%) due to lower hydropower generation.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Industry is ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption more than tripled between 1999 and 2004 following the commissioning of the 210 MW Plomin-2 power plant. Coal consumption has remained broadly stable at around 1.1 Mt/year since then.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Electricity production is the main source of coal consumption and was responsible for nearly 90% of the coal consumed in 2016, while the share of ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption, which soared between 2000 and 2008 (+35%), has been declining since then (-2.8%/year to 13 TWh in 2016), despite a 3.6% hike in 2015. According to preliminary statistics, it decreased by 4.3% in 2017.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The share of the residential sector in power consumption contracted from 46% in 2000 to 38% in 2016, while the ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) of 2013 targets a share of 20% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020, including 39% in power production, 10% in transport and 20% in heating and cooling; this target has already been reached (28% in 2016, including nearly 47% for power production and 38% for heating and cooling; for transport the country is still far from its ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2012, Croatia easily reached its Kyoto Protocol target of a 5% reduction in its GHG emissions, as actual emissions were 20% below their 1990 level. Total emissions in 2015 were 25% below the 1990 level at less than 24 Mt.

As an EU Member State, Croatia is committed to cutting GHG emissions by at least 40% in 2030 compared to 1990 levels. Croatia's draft Strategy for Low Emissions ...

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