Croatia

2015 Croatia Key Figures
Population: 4.22 million
GDP growth rate: 1.65 %/year
Energy independence: 51.9%
Total consumption/GDP:* 86.3 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.97 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.53%
* at purchasing power parity
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Croatia Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita has fallen by 13% since its peak level of 2007 (2.3 toe), bringing it to 1.9 toe in 2015, with electricity accounting for 3 700 kWh. These figures are 36% and 34% below the EU averages, respectively.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

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Croatia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

The country produces less than 1 Mt of oil per year (0.7 Mt in 2015). Crude oil imports were relatively stable at around 4 Mt until 2010 and have varied around 3 Mt since then, mainly due to the low utilisation rate of the refineries.

The refining capacity is 134 000 bbl/d, spread over...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products decreased significantly between 2007 and 2014, at an average pace of 5.8%/year (-35%). In 2015, it increased by 7%, driven by industry (+25%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

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EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption dropped by an average of 6.8%/year between 2010 and 2014, but rose by 12% in 2015 to 2.7 bcm, driven by the power sector (+80%) due to the commissioning of the Sisak-3 CCGT power plant.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

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EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption more than tripled between 1999 and 2004 following the commissioning of the 210 MW Plomin-2 coal-fired power plant. Coal consumption then kept stable at around 1.2 Mt/year until 2011. It dropped by 4.9%/year on average since then, driven by the power plant sector (-8.7%/year on...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption decreased slowly between 2008 and 2014, at the average pace of 1.4%/year, before rising again in 2015 (+2%). Previously, electricity consumption saw a strong increase between 2000 and 2008 (nearly +4%/year).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

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Renewable in % electricity production

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP), adopted in 2013, targets a share of 20% of renewables in the final energy consumption in 2020 (27.9% in 2014), including 39% in power production (45.3% in 2014), 10% in transport (2.1% in 2014) and 20% in heating and cooling (36.2% in 2014)....


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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