Czech Republic

2017 Czech Republic Key Figures
Population: 10.6 million
GDP growth rate: 3.50 %/year
Energy independence: 65.9%
Total consumption/GDP:* 74.5 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 9.75 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.69%
* at purchasing power parity
Czech Republic Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 31% higher than the EU average (4.1 toe in 2017), whereas electricity consumption per capita is 2% lower than the EU average, at around 5 500 kWh/capita in 2017.

The total energy intensity of the GDP is 47% higher than the EU average (in ppp) (2017). However, since 2000 it has fallen more rapidly than the EU average (-2.3%/year until 2017, compared to ...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

The Czech Republic is heavily dependent on Russia for its oil supply, which is imported through the Druzhba pipeline ("Friendship" pipeline). In 2017, the country imported 7.7 Mt of crude oil (+46% on 2016, as a result of improved refining capacities) and nearly 2/3 of crude oil imports came from Russia and 28% from Azerbaijan. (2016). Since 1996, oil is also supplied from Germany through ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption, which had been declining by 2.5%/year between 2008 and 2016, grew by 16% in 2016 to 9.1 Mt (+ 44% for crude oil consumption and +16% for oil product demand).

Industry accounted for 28% of oil consumption in 2017 (mainly non-energy uses), while nearly 2/3 of oil is consumed by transport (64% in 2017). The share of this sector has nearly doubled since 1993 ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption, which had been following a downward trend between 2001 and 2014 (-2.1%/year, with the exception of an exceptional 13% hike in 2010), has been rising by 5.1%/year since then and reached 8.7 bcm in 2017 (+2.8% in 2017 alone).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

More than 40% of the gas is used in the residential and tertiary sector (28% of which ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

The consumption of coal and lignite has been declining by 1.8%/year since 2000 (by 0.7%/year between 2000 and 2007 and by 2.6%/year since 2007), reaching 45 Mt in 2017. Lignite accounts for around 90% of solid fuel consumption.

Graph: COAL AND LIGNITE CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Most of the coal and lignite is consumed by the power sector (83% in 2017).

Graph: COAL AND LIGNITE ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

The country's electricity consumption, which had risen rapidly between 2000 and 2008 (+1.8%/year on average), eroded until 2014 (-1.5%/year to 58 TWh) before recovering (+1.8%/year until 2017). In 2017 alone, it grew by 1.6% to 58 TWh.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Industry absorbed 41% of total electricity consumption in 2017, followed by the services and ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (2010, resubmitted in 2013) is designed to reach 13.5% of renewables in final energy consumption by 2020 (10% in transport), but this target should be easily exceeded, since renewables already accounted for 15% in 2015. There is no mandatory quota for electricity produced from renewable sources.


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The Czech Republic easily met its Kyoto target (-8%), as GHG emissions were 31% below their 1990 level in 2012 and 34% below in 2016, at 131 Mt.

As an EU member, the Czech Republic has committed to cut its GHG emissions by 20% (compared to 1990 levels) by 2020 and by 40% by 2030 (Nationally Determined Contribution).

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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