Czech Republic

2018 Czech Republic Key Figures
Population: 10.6 million
GDP growth rate: 3.06 %/year
Energy independence: 64.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 70.3 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 9.52 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.50%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 30% higher than the EU average (4 toe in 2018), whereas electricity consumption per capita is in line with the EU average, at around 5 600 kWh/capita in 2018.

Total energy consumption declined by an average of 1.1%/year between 2006 and 2016 to 41 Moe. After a 4.3% hike in 2017, it slightly decreased in 2018 to 43 Mtoe (-0.7%). Lignite and coal covered ...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

The Czech Republic is dependent on Russia for its oil supply, which is imported through the Druzhba pipeline ("Friendship" pipeline); deliveries were suspended in Spring 2019 over oil contamination, affecting crude oil supply. In 2018, the country imported 7.5 Mt of crude oil (-4.9% on 2017); more than half of crude oil imports came from Russia (54%) and 29% from Azerbaijan (2018). Since ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption, which had been declining by 2.4%/year between 2008 and 2015, grew by 18% in 2016 to 9.3 Mt (+44% for crude oil consumption and +19% for oil product demand). It remained stable in 2018.

More than 60% of oil is consumed by transport (63% in 2018); the share of transport has surged since 2000 (54%), as the number of cars rose by more than 50%. Industry accounted ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption, which had been following a downward trend between 2001 and 2014 (-2.1%/year) rose by 5%/year until 2017, but then declined by 5.2% in 2018 to 8.3 bcm.


More than 40% of the gas is used in the residential and tertiary sector (28% of which for households and 17% for services in 2018), followed by industry (31%, ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

The consumption of coal and lignite has been declining by 1.8%/year since 2000 (by 0.7%/year between 2000 and 2007 and by 2.5%/year since 2007), reaching 45 Mt in 2018 (-2.5% in 2018). Lignite accounts for 85% of solid fuel consumption.


Most of the coal and lignite is consumed by the power sector (83% in 2018).

Graph: COAL ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

The country's electricity consumption, which had risen rapidly between 2000 and 2008 (+1.8%/year on average), eroded until 2014 (-1.5%/year) before recovering (+1.8%/year) to 59 TWh in 2018.


Industry absorbed 41% of total electricity consumption in 2018, followed by the services and residential sectors (26% each).

Graph: ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (2010, resubmitted in 2013) is designed to reach 13.5% of renewables in final energy consumption by 2020 (10% in transport), but this target should be easily exceeded, since renewables already accounted for nearly 15% in 2017 (13.6% for electricity, 19.6% for heating and cooling, and 6.6% for transport).

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

GHG emissions were 35% below their 1990 level in 2017, at 130 Mt. As an EU member, the Czech Republic has committed to cut its GHG emissions by 20% (compared to 1990 levels) by 2020 and by 40% by 2030 (Nationally Determined Contribution).


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