Czech Republic

2019 Czech Republic Key Figures
Population: 10.6 million
GDP growth rate: 2.57 %/year
Energy independence: 62.0%
Total consumption/GDP:* 69.0 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 9.37 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.57%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 33% higher than the EU average (4.1 toe in 2019), whereas electricity consumption per capita is in line with the EU average, at around 5 600 kWh/capita in 2019.

Total energy consumption declined by an average of 1.1%/year between 2006 and 2016 to 41 Moe. After a 2.4%/year hike over 2016-2018, it slightly decreased in 2019 to 43 Mtoe ...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

The Czech Republic is dependent on Russia for its oil supply, which is imported through the Druzhba pipeline ("Friendship" pipeline); deliveries were suspended in spring 2019 over oil contamination, affecting crude oil supply (resumption of oil deliveries in July 2019). In 2018, the country imported 7.7 Mt of crude oil (+3.8% on 2018); nearly half of crude oil imports came from Russia (49%) ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption, which had been declining by 2.6%/year between 2008 and 2016, grew by 18% in 2017 to 9.1 Mt and has increased at a slower pace since then. In 2019, it rose by 0.8% to 9.4 Mt.

More than 60% of oil is consumed by transport (64% in 2019); the share of transport has surged since 2000 (49%), as the number of cars rose by more than 50%. Industry accounted for 29% of ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption has been increasing by 2.9%/year since 2014, to 8.7 bcm in 2019. In 2019, gas consumption grew by 4.3%, due to a strong demand from the power sector (+47%). It had been following a downward trend between 2001 and 2014 (-2.1%/year).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

More than 40% of the gas is used in the residential and tertiary sector (25% of ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

The consumption of coal and lignite has been declining by 1.9%/year since 2000 (by 0.7%/year between 2000 and 2007 and by 2.6%/year since 2007), reaching 43 Mt in 2018 (-6.3% in 2019). Lignite accounts for 85% of solid fuel consumption.

Graph: COAL AND LIGNITE CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Most of the coal and lignite is consumed by the power sector (79% in 2019).

Graph: COAL ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

The country's electricity consumption, which had risen rapidly between 2000 and 2008 (+1.8%/year on average), eroded until 2014 (-1.5%/year) before recovering until 2017 (+2%/year) to 59 TWh. It has remained stable since then.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Industry absorbed 40% of total electricity consumption in 2019, followed by the services and residential ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan aimed to reach 13.5% of renewables in final energy consumption in 2020 (10.8% in transport), but this target should be easily exceeded, since renewables already accounted for 15% in 2018 (13.7% for electricity, 20.6% for heating and cooling, and 6.5% for transport). The NECP (2019) aims to raise this share to 22% in 2030, including 14% in transport.


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

GHG emissions were 35% below their 1990 level in 2018, at 129 Mt.

The NECP (2019) aims to cut GHG emissions by 34% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels, implying to lower emissions to 99 MtCO2eq. This is higher than what was included in its NDC (-40% in 2030 compared to 1990, i.e. 120 MtCO2eq in 2030).

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

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