Egypt

2018 Egypt Key Figures
Population: 99.8 million
GDP growth rate: 5.30 %/year
Energy independence: 95.8%
Total consumption/GDP:* 77.3 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 2.00 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.3%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita stands at 0.84 toe, including 1 750 kWh of electricity (2018).

The country's overall consumption has decreased in 2018 (by 5.7%). Before, it grew very rapidly between 2000 and 2007 (by an average of 8.3%/year), and continued to increase by 1.7%/year on average between 2007 and 2016.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Gas ...

Egypt energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production remained roughly stable between 2008 and 2016 (around 34-35 Mt) and has declined slightly since then (33 Mt in 2018). Production is concentrated in the Gulf of Suez (more than 70%).

Egypt is a net exporter of crude oil (net exports of around 8 Mt in 2018). As a result of Egypt's policy to permit foreign oil producers to export more crude oil as repayment of ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products has been decreasing since 2016 to 33 Mt in 2018. Before it increased strongly between 2003 and 2012 (6.6%/year to 36 Mt), has continued increasing up to 40 Mt in 2016. The recent reduction is mainly due to a lower consumption in oil power plants (-37% between 2016 and 2018). The largest share of the consumption is absorbed by the transport sector (50%), ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption increased strongly from 2000 to 2008 (almost 11%/year), has been fluctuating between 2008 and 2014, and then increased by 3.6%/year between 2014 and 2018, to reach 51 bcm. That rapid trend was mainly driven by industry and electricity production.

More than 69% of the gas is used for the generation of electricity, and about 19% is used in industry.

Graph: NATURAL ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption is low. (0.6 Mt since 2012). As of 2018, coal is primarily consumed by industry (94%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased very rapidly between 2000 and 2011 (6.5%/year, on average), and slightly less rapidly since 2013 (4%/year).

Households absorb 44% of that consumption, followed by industry (26%) and the tertiary sector (26%) (2018).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018,%)

Renewable in % electricity production

NREA, New & Renewable Energy Authority, was created in 1986 under the supervision of MERE to promote renewables, in particular solar, wind and biomass.

Egypt enacted the Renewable Energy Law in 2014, which establishes different schemes for the private development of renewable energy projects, including the IPP public competitive bidding process, feed-in tariffs (FIT), and ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In its NDC, Egypt plans to phase out energy subsidies within three or five years and, potentially, to create a national carbon market. It also aims to rely on renewables and nuclear. The initial total estimated cost of implementing adaptation measures is estimated at US$73bn.

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion increased rapidly between 1994 and 2012 (4.4%/year, on average), slowed ...

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