Egypt

2016 Egypt Key Figures
Population: 95.7 million
GDP growth rate: 4.30 %/year
Energy independence: 82.0%
Total consumption/GDP:* 83.5 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 2.20 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.7%
* at purchasing power parity
Egypt Related News
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Egypt Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita stands at 0.87 toe, including 1 670 kWh of electricity (2016).

The country's overall consumption increased very rapidly between 2000 and 2007 (by an average of 8.3%/year); growth has been much slower since then (1.7%/year on average between 2007 and 2016).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Gas demand skyrocketed with the ...

Egypt energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production remained roughly stable between 2008 and 2014 (around 34-35 Mt) and has declined slightly since then (33 Mt in 2016 and 31 Mt in 2017). However, this figure is expected to increase in 2018 with the commissioning of Eni/Rosneft's Zohr field and BP's West Nile Delta operations. Production is concentrated in the Gulf of Suez (more than 70%).

Egypt is a net exporter of ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products increased strongly between 2003 and 2012 (6.6%/year to 36 Mt) and has continued increasing up to 40 Mt in 2016. The largest share of the consumption is absorbed by the transport sector (43%), followed by the power and industry sectors (26% and 16%, respectively) and the residential and tertiary sector (13%) (2016).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption increased strongly from 2000 to 2013 (almost 9%/year) and has been fluctuating since then, standing at around 48bcm in 2016. That rapid trend was mainly driven by industry and electricity production. More than 61% of the gas is used for the generation of electricity, and about 22% is used in industry.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption was low and rather stable until 2014. Following government approval of industrial uses for coal in 2014, it dropped significantly, and has stabilized at 0.6 Mt since 2012. As of 2017, coal is primarily consumed by industry (92%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2016, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased very rapidly between 2000 and 2012 (7%/year, on average) and has increased since then by 3%/year. Households absorb 46% of that consumption, followed by industry (25%) and the tertiary sector (24%) (2016).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2016,%)

Renewable in % electricity production

NREA, New & Renewable Energy Authority, was created in 1986 under the supervision of MERE to promote renewables, in particular solar, wind and biomass.

Egypt enacted the Renewable Energy Law in 2014, which establishes different schemes for the private development of renewable energy projects, including the IPP public competitive bidding process, feed-in tariffs (FIT), and ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In its NDC, Egypt plans to phase out energy subsidies within three or five years and, potentially, to create a national carbon market. It also aims to rely on renewables and nuclear. The initial total estimated cost of implementing adaptation measures is estimated at US$73bn.

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion increased rapidly between 1994 and 2012 (4.4%/year, on average) and have ...

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