Energy Reports

China energy report

China energy market analysis is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil & gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The analysis includes a comprehensive energy market report and updated China energy market data.

China energy report
Update: April, 2019
Format: 2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
Pages: 55 (Report only)
Delivery: Immediate by e-mail


China energy market report offers an incisive and reliable overview of the energy sector in China. With a focus on oil, gas, coal and power markets, the report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities.

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    NEA, National Energy Administration, was created in 2008 to coordinate the implementation of the central government's energy policy, to set energy prices and to manage energy conservation and natural resources. NEA is a department of NDRC, the National Development and Reform Commission of the China State Council.NDRC's primary role is to formulate and implement medium and long-term ...

  • Energy Companies


    The oil sector is dominated by four state-owned companies: CNPC (China National Petroleum Corp), Sinopec (China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation), CNOOC (China National Offshore Oil Corporation) and Sinochem (China National Chemical Import & Export Corp). CNPC and Sinopec are vertically integrated.

  • Energy Supply


    Proven oil reserves are estimated at 3.5 Gt (at the end of 2018, reserves/production ratio of 18 years). Reserves of conventional natural gas are estimated at 2 732 bcm. China's technically recoverable shale gas resources are estimated at 122 bcm as of end 2016 according to the Ministry of Land and Resources, but show a huge potential up to more than 20 bcm. The largest potential basins are ...

  • Energy Prices


    The prices of electricity are, in theory, fixed by the central authority. The electricity price is linked to the price of coal. To limit the impact of coal price fluctuations, the price of electricity is adjusted just once per year.

    In 2013, the Government started its reform of the power market and issued Document No. 9 ("Opinions on Furthering Reform of the Electricity Market") in ...

  • Energy Consumption

    Total energy consumption per capita was around 2.3 toe/cap in 2018 (more than threefold India's per capita consumption and equal to 70% of the EU average in 2017).


    Total energy consumption increased significantly between 2000 and 2011 (8%/year) and has been growing at a lower rate since then (1.2% between 2014 and 2016, ...

  • Issues & Prospects

    The main priorities are to increase the production and, above all, diversify the supply sources in order to enhance China's energy independence, and to continue the reform of the electricity sector.

    The building of the new China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) - a network of roads, railways and pipelines between the two countries - will affect energy trade flows both within and ...

Download the Table of Contents

In the China market report you will find the graphs mentioned below:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed Electric capacity by source (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total Consumption market share by energy (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2018,%)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2018, %)

In the China market report you will find follow tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GNP growth, imports & exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil & gas reserves, electric & refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data includes consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source & sector, and, electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Unique tabular display of the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, Gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The China market data since 1990 included in the Excel file is given below.
Historical evolution allows to easily work with the data.

2018 Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • China Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the China energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

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