Energy Reports

Ethiopia energy report

Ethiopia energy market analysis is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil & gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The analysis includes a comprehensive energy market report and updated Ethiopia energy market data.

Ethiopia energy report
Update: February, 2020
Format: 2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
Pages: 27 (Report only)
Delivery: Immediate by e-mail


Ethiopia energy market report offers an incisive and reliable overview of the energy sector in Ethiopia. With a focus on oil, gas, coal and power markets, the report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities.

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity (MoWIE) is in charge of the development of energy policies, strategies and programmes outside the oil sector.

    The Ministry of Mines, Petroleum and Natural Gas supervises the mineral and petroleum policies and promotes the country's oil potential.

    The Second Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II) is the current development plan ...

  • Energy Companies


    In 2013, EEPCO, Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation, the national public electricity company, was unbundled into two separate entities: EEP, Ethiopian Electric Power, for generation and transmission and EEU, Ethiopian Electric Utility, for distribution.

  • Energy Supply


    The country's hydroelectric potential is among the highest in the region: the economically exploitable resources amount to about 160 TWh (2018). Geothermal resources are estimated to amount to roughly 10 GW. Hydrocarbon reserves are limited and are barely used (28 bcm for gas and just 0.49 mbl for oil end of 2018). However, due to the geological similarity with its oil-producing neighbours, ...

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity prices have declined very rapdily since 2010 (by 8.4%/year for househods and 5.5%/year for industry). In 2019, they were US$1.4c/kWh for industrial customers and US$1.2c/kWh for households. They are among the lowest in the world (10 times lower than in Kenya for industry and almost 20 times lower for households). EEU plans an annual increase of electricity prices between 2019 ...

  • Energy Consumption

    In 2018, total energy consumption per capita is around 0.4 toe, including 99 kWh of electricity.

    Total energy consumption is increasing steadily, albeit at a rate 3.5 times slower than economic growth (3.4%/year on average since 2010, against around 9.5%/year for the GDP).


    Total energy consumption is mainly assured ...

  • Issues & Prospects

Download the Table of Contents

In the Ethiopia market report you will find the graphs mentioned below:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2018, %)

In the Ethiopia market report you will find follow tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GNP growth, imports & exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil & gas reserves, electric & refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data includes consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source & sector, and, electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Unique tabular display of the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.

The Ethiopia market data since 1990 included in the Excel file is given below.
Historical evolution allows to easily work with the data.

2018 Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Ethiopia Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Ethiopia energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

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