Energy Reports

Lao PDR energy report

Lao PDR energy market analysis is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil & gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The analysis includes a comprehensive energy market report and updated Lao PDR energy market data.

Lao PDR energy report
Update: January, 2020
Format: 2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
Pages: 27 (Report only)
Delivery: Immediate by e-mail


Lao PDR energy market report offers an incisive and reliable overview of the energy sector in Lao PDR. With a focus on oil, gas, coal and power markets, the report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities.

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy and Mines (MEM) is responsible for the energy sector and operates primarily through five departments: the Department of Energy Policy and Planning (DEPP); the Department of Energy Business (DEB) which is in charge of private sector investments in the power sector; the Department of Energy Management (DEM), which is in charge of drafting energy-related laws, ...

  • Energy Companies


    Electricité de Laos (EDL) is the national public power company. It is vertically integrated, and involved in the production, transport, distribution and export of electricity.

  • Energy Supply


    Lao PDR does not have any proven oil and gas reserves. The main sources of energy and economic wealth are hydroelectricity and the forest. The gross theoretical hydroelectric resource potential is estimated at about 230 TWh and the wind technical potential at 223 TWh (up to 179 GW).

    Forestry resources are abundant, but they are rapidly being depleted: whereas in 1940 the forests ...

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity tariffs used to be heavily subsidized, the price of electricity was gradually increased over 2006-2017 as a component of EDL reform. In 2019, the average price of electricity was US$7.9c/kWh for industry and US$6.9c/kWh for the residential sector. Industrial prices are 27% lower than in Thailand and 80% lower than in Cambodia, but 16% higher than in Vietnam (2018). Household ...

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption is relatively low at 0.83 toe/capita (vs 2.05 toe/capita in Thailand), including around 780 kWh of electricity (2018).


    Total energy consumption increased by nearly 5%/year over 2000-2014 and then accelerated to reach 5.8 Mtoe in 2018 (+17%/year). The share of lignite has increased rapidly, becoming the ...

  • Issues & Prospects

Download the Table of Contents

In the Lao PDR market report you will find the graphs mentioned below:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2018 %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2018, %)

In the Lao PDR market report you will find follow tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GNP growth, imports & exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil & gas reserves, electric & refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data includes consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source & sector, and, electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Unique tabular display of the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.

The Lao PDR market data since 1990 included in the Excel file is given below.
Historical evolution allows to easily work with the data.

2018 Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Lao PDR Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Lao PDR energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

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