Energy Reports

Romania energy report

Romania energy market analysis is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil & gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The analysis includes a comprehensive energy market report and updated Romania energy market data.

Romania energy report
Update: June, 2020
Format: 2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
Pages: 44 (Report only)
Delivery: Immediate by e-mail


Romania energy market report offers an incisive and reliable overview of the energy sector in Romania. With a focus on oil, gas, coal and power markets, the report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities.

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The energy sector falls under the responsibility of the Ministry of Economy, Energy, and Business Environment.

    ANRE, the Romanian National Energy Regulatory Authority, regulates the electricity and gas sectors. Since 2010, it is also in charge of energy efficiency policies.

    In 2012, the Government announced a large privatisation plan including several energy companies. It sold ...

  • Energy Companies


    According to Transgaz, gas consumption should increase by only 0.3%/year between 2020 and 2030. Domestic production should increase between 2020 and 2025 thanks to new gas projects coming on stream in the Black Sea, but should decline afterwards.

  • Energy Supply


    Energy resources are rather abundant. Natural gas reserves reached 87 bcm in 2019, with additional shale gas reserves estimated at 1 444 bcm by the US EIA. Oil reserves amount to 82 Mt. The country's hydroelectric potential is also substantial (estimated at 70 TWh). Lignite proved reserves are also significant, at 280 Mt.

  • Energy Prices


    Electricity prices have been increasing regularly since 2009, by 3.4%/year for households (+3.4% in 2019 to €13.5c/kWh) and by 2.2%/year for industry (+16% in 2019 alone to €12.5c/kWh). Residential prices are much lower than the EU average (-38%), whereas industrial prices are in line with the EU average.

    In 2014, the Government approved a decree to exempt large industrial consumers ...

  • Energy Consumption

    Energy consumption per capita is about 1.7 toe (2019), which is 43% below the EU average, and electricity consumption amounts to 2 550 kWh/cap (54% below the EU average).

    Total energy consumption has increased slightly since 2014 (+1.3%/year), reaching 34 Mtoe in 2019; it had declined sharply between 2006 and 2014 (-2.9%/year).


  • Issues & Prospects

    Romania is facing a decline in production because of the lack of investments in installations, despite the increase of hydrocarbon reserves (in particular in gas). To boost its production, the country is increasingly opening up to foreign companies. Romania is a net energy importer (net imports covered 31% of its total consumption in 2019) and the Government aims to reverse that dependence.

Download the Table of Contents

In the Romania market report you will find the graphs mentioned below:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (€/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (€c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (€c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019 %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Lignite consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Lignite consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

In the Romania market report you will find follow tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GNP growth, imports & exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil & gas reserves, electric & refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data includes consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source & sector, and, electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Unique tabular display of the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, Gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The Romania market data since 1990 included in the Excel file is given below.
Historical evolution allows to easily work with the data.

2019 Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Romania Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Romania energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

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