Energy Reports

Thailand energy report

Thailand energy market analysis is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil & gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The analysis includes a comprehensive energy market report and updated Thailand energy market data.

Thailand energy report
Update: June, 2020
Format: 2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
Pages: 32 (Report only)
Delivery: Immediate by e-mail


Thailand energy market report offers an incisive and reliable overview of the energy sector in Thailand. With a focus on oil, gas, coal and power markets, the report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities.

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Ministry of Energy is responsible for energy policy development through its own department, the Energy Policy and Planning Office (EPPO). However, ultimately the National Energy Policy Committee (NEPC), which is chaired by the Prime Minister, represents the decision-making body.

    Within the Ministry of Energy, the Department of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency (DEDE) ...

  • Energy Companies


    Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PTT) is the national oil company (63.5% public, of which 51.1% directly and 12.4% through the Vayupak Fund).

  • Energy Supply


    Proved natural gas reserves amount to 181 bcm (end of 2019), i.e. only 4 years of consumption. Most of the gas reserves are located offshore in the Gulf of Thailand. Proved oil reserves amounted to 47.5 Mt in 2019, representing less than one year of consumption. Thailand also has significant lignite reserves, but its use brings about environmental problems (1.1 Gt).

  • Energy Prices


    The average prices of electricity are US$10.1c/kWh for industry and US$12.5c/kWh for households (2019).

    A new structure for the electricity tariffs was adopted in 2005. The basic tariff was capped at 2.25 baht/kWh until 2008; that basic tariff included the administrative costs of EGAT and the costs in currencies. A component related to the energy cost ("energy adjustment tariff", ...

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita energy consumption is stable since 2010, at 2.1 toe in 2019; per capita electricity consumption reached 2 800 kWh in 2019.

    Total energy consumption increased at a rapid pace between 2000 and 2013 (+4.7%/year), but has noticeably slowed down since 2013 (+1%/year) to 142 Mtoe in 2019.

    Oil covers 41% of the country's needs, natural gas 25%, biomass 19%, and coal ...

  • Issues & Prospects

    Thailand Integrated Energy Blueprint (TIEB) 2015 defines the energy trajectory until 2036. Oil demand is expected to increase by 3.3%/year until 2036 in the BAU scenario.

Download the Table of Contents

In the Thailand market report you will find the graphs mentioned below:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MTCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 8: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 9: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)

In the Thailand market report you will find follow tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GNP growth, imports & exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil & gas reserves, electric & refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data includes consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source & sector, and, electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Unique tabular display of the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.

The Thailand market data since 1990 included in the Excel file is given below.
Historical evolution allows to easily work with the data.

2019 Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • Thailand Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the Thailand energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

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