Energy Reports

United States energy report

United States energy market analysis is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil & gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The analysis includes a comprehensive energy market report and updated United States energy market data.

United States energy report
Update: May, 2019
Format: 2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
Pages: 45 (Report only)
Delivery: Immediate by e-mail


United States energy market report offers an incisive and reliable overview of the energy sector in United States. With a focus on oil, gas, coal and power markets, the report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2018 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities.

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Department of Energy (DoE) oversees the coordination of all the national activities concerning the production, regulation, management and conservation of energy. The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy is in charge of developing and promoting energy technologies that contribute to "sustainable" development.

    The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) regulates and ...

  • Energy Supply


    The United States have substantial energy resources. Crude oil reserves are estimated at 5.9 Gt (located in 5 main states/areas: Texas, North Dakota, Gulf of Mexico, Alaska and California). About 30% of these reserves are shale oil. Total gas reserves are estimated at 11 400 bcm (end of 2017), 52% of which is shale gas. Coal reserves are around 220 Gt (end of 2017), with an additional 30 Gt ...

  • Energy Prices


    The average prices of electricity are $13.c/kWh for households and $7c/kWh for industry in 2018. Residential prices have been following a slightly increasing trend since 2011 (around 1.5%/year). Households and industry prices are among the lowest in the OECD.

    The average electricity price varies according to the state, from lower levels in Washington, Louisiana and Idaho, to higher ...

  • Energy Consumption

    The United States is the 2nd largest energy consumer in the world; it ranked first until 2009 when it was overtaken by China.

    Per capita consumption reached 6.9 toe/cap in 2018, which is about 60% higher than the OECD average, including 12 MWh/cap of electricity.

    The country's total consumption was 2.3 Gt in 2018. It has remained relatively stable since 2000.

    Oil is the ...

  • Issues & Prospects

    Official EIA long-term forecasts (Annual Energy Outlook (AEO) 2019) expect an increase in energy consumption of about 6% between 2018 and 2050 in the reference scenario. In most scenarios, energy related CO2 emissions are expected to decline until 2035 before increasing again.

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In the United States market report you will find the graphs mentioned below:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2018, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2018, %)

In the United States market report you will find follow tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GNP growth, imports & exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil & gas reserves, electric & refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data includes consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source & sector, and, electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Unique tabular display of the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, Gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The United States market data since 1990 included in the Excel file is given below.
Historical evolution allows to easily work with the data.

2018 Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • United States Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the United States energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

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