Energy Reports

United States energy report

United States energy market analysis is derived from the most recent key economic indicators, supply and demand factors, oil & gas pricing trends and major energy issues and developments surrounding the energy industry. The analysis includes a comprehensive energy market report and updated United States energy market data.

United States energy report
Update: April, 2020
Format: 2 files (PDF report, Excel file)
Pages: 42 (Report only)
Delivery: Immediate by e-mail


United States energy market report offers an incisive and reliable overview of the energy sector in United States. With a focus on oil, gas, coal and power markets, the report provides a complete picture of the country situation, dynamics, current issues and future prospects. With 2019 market data and continuous follow-up of markets news, this report brings clear and concise insights with which to tackle national energy challenges and opportunities.

  • Institutions & Energy Policy

    The Department of Energy (DoE) oversees the coordination of all the national activities concerning the production, regulation, management and conservation of energy. The Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy is in charge of developing and promoting energy technologies that contribute to "sustainable" development.

    The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) regulates and ...

  • Energy Supply


    The United States have substantial energy resources. Oil reserves are estimated at 6.8 Gt (located mainly in 5 states/areas: Texas, North Dakota, Gulf of Mexico, Alaska, and California). Of these reserves, 31% is shale oil. Total gas reserves are estimated at 13 447 bcm (end of 2019), 44% of which is shale gas. Coal reserves are around 221 Gt, with an additional 30 Gt of lignite. Estimated ...

  • Energy Prices


    The average prices of electricity were $13.c/kWh for households and $6.8c/kWh for industry in 2019. Residential prices have been following a slightly increasing trend since 2011 (around 1.5%/year). Households and industry prices are among the lowest in the OECD (34% and 40% above the OECD average, respectively).

    The average electricity price varies according to the state, from lower ...

  • Energy Consumption

    Per capita consumption reached 6.7 toe/cap in 2018, which is about 60% higher than the OECD average, including 12 MWh/cap of electricity.

    The country's total consumption has remained relatively stable since 2010, it has declined slightly, by 1%, to 2.2 Gtoe, after a 3% rise in 2018. The United States is the 2nd largest energy consumer in the world; it ranked first until 2009, when it ...

  • Issues & Prospects

    Official EIA long-term forecasts (AEO- Annual Energy Outlook 2020) expect energy consumption to remain stable between 2019 and 2030, before increasing by 10% until 2050 in the reference scenario. In most scenarios, energy related CO2 emissions are expected to decline until 2030 before increasing again.

Download the Table of Contents

In the United States market report you will find the graphs mentioned below:

  • GRAPH 1: CO2-energy emissions (MtCO2)
  • GRAPH 2: Installed electric capacity by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 3: Gross power production by source (TWh)
  • GRAPH 4: Power generation by source (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 5: Gasoline & diesel prices (US$/l)
  • GRAPH 6: Electricity prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh)
  • GRAPH 7: Gas prices for industry and households (US$c/kWh GCV)
  • GRAPH 8: Consumption trends by energy source (Mtoe)
  • GRAPH 9: Total consumption market share by energy (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 10: Final consumption market share by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 11: Oil consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 12: Oil consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 13: Electricity consumption (TWh)
  • GRAPH 14: Electricity consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 15: Natural gas consumption (bcm)
  • GRAPH 16: Gas consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)
  • GRAPH 17: Coal consumption (Mt)
  • GRAPH 18: Coal consumption breakdown by sector (2019, %)

In the United States market report you will find follow tables:

  • Economic Indicators: Annual historical data including population, GNP growth, imports & exports, inflation rate, energy security and efficiency indicators, CO2 emissions.
  • Supply Indicators: Historical data including oil & gas reserves, electric & refining capacity, energy production, power production and external trade. All detailed by energy source.
  • Demand Indicators: Historical data includes consumption per inhabitant, consumption trends, total consumption by energy source, final consumption by energy source & sector, and, electricity consumption by sector.
  • Energy Balances: Unique tabular display of the overall energy industry balance per annum, also graphically displayed by energy sub-segment.
  • Infrastructure Projects: Covers power plant projects by energy, technology, status and operator, Gas plant projects by status and operator and LNG contracts.

The United States market data since 1990 included in the Excel file is given below.
Historical evolution allows to easily work with the data.

2019 Key Data included in the excelsheet:

  • Economic indicators: Annual historical economic indicators, energy security, energy efficiency and CO2 emissions.
  • Supply indicators: Annual historical reserves, capacity, production and external trade (imports(+) exports(-) balance).
  • Demand indicators: Annual historical consumption per capita, consumption trends, total consumption, final consumption (per energy and per sector) and electricity consumption total and per sector.
  • Energy Balance: total and per energy.
  • United States Energy Prices: In addition to the analysis provided on the report we also provided a data set which includes historical details on the United States energy prices for the follow items: price of premium gasoline (taxes incl.), price of diesel (taxes incl.), price of electricity in industry (taxes incl.), price of electricity for households (taxes incl.), price of natural gas in industry (taxes incl.), prices of natural gas for households (taxes incl.), spot price of Brent and CO2 emissions (from fuel combustion).

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