Estonia

2016 Estonia Key Figures
Population: 1.32 million
GDP growth rate: 1.57 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 91.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 13.0 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.62%
* at purchasing power parity
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Estonia Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is about 4.2 toe/cap (2016), i.e. 36% above the EU average, and twice that of other Baltic States. This is mainly due to the high share of oil shale, since it requires a significant amount of energy to be processed. Electricity consumption is in line with the EU average (5 800 kWh, +4%) and exceeds that of the other Baltic States by more than ...

Estonia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

All of the country's oil product consumption is imported (1.8 Mt in 2016). According to preliminary statistics, gasoline imports remained stable at 453 kt in 2017, while diesel imports dipped by 2.9% to 673 kt. Oil products used to come mainly from Russia, which is no longer the case (36% of the imports in 2017). Besides Russia, imports come from Lithuania (33%) and Finland (15%) (2017).

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption rose by 3.3%/year between 2000 and 2007. Consumption contracted by 13% between 2007 and 2009 when Estonia was severely hit by the global economic crisis. Since then oil product consumption has remained broadly stable at around 1.1 Mt. According to preliminary statistics, oil consumption grew in 2017 (by 3.6% for gasoline and by 1.2%for diesel).

Graph: OIL ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Between 2002 and 2006 gas consumption increased at the significant rate of about 8%/year, on average. It remained stable at around 1 bcm until 2008 and has been declining since then, due to the progressive conversion of heat producers to other fuels (especially biomass), the economic crisis (-32% in 2009 alone) and the closure of a large fertiliser plant in 2014. After a 10% recovery in ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Oil shale consumption grew by 3.1%/year (+54%) over the 2000-2014 period, reaching 21 Mt. It declined in 2015 (-13%), but recovered in 2016 (+5.2%).

In 2016, 3/4 of oil shale was consumed by power plants, while the other quarter was converted into fuel oil.

Graph: OIL SHALE CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL SHALE CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2016, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased rapidly (+4.1%/year) between 2000 and 2007, but has grown at a much slower pace since then (+1.1%/year, on average, between 2009 and 2016), reaching 7.7 TWh in 2016.

Services account for 39% of power consumption, followed by households (25%) and industry (31%) (2016).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The EU Directive on renewables sets a target of 25% renewables in final consumption in 2020 (10% of biofuels in transport, and 4.8% r in electricity consumption). The energy development plan for 2030 set the following targets for renewables: 28% in primary energy consumption, 50% in final energy consumption. and 80% of heat production in 2030.


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

According to the Protocol, Estonia's Kyoto objective was easily reached as in 2012 GHG emissions were 50% below their 1990 level (at about 20 Mt), compared to a reduction target of 8%. Most of the reduction took place between 1990 and 1993 (-47%); since then, the emission level has remained relatively stable at around 20 Mt.

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

By 2020, ...

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