Estonia

2014 Estonia Key Figures
Population: 1.31 million
GDP growth rate: 2.91 %/year
Energy independence: 95.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 100 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.57 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.2%
* at purchasing power parity
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Estonia Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is about 4.6 toe/cap (2014), i.e. 51% above the EU average, and twice that of other Baltic States. This is mainly due to the high share of oil shale, since it requires a significant amount of energy to be processed. Electricity consumption is in line with the...

Estonia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

All of the country's oil is imported. Oil products used to come mainly from Russia, which is no longer the case (33% of the imports in 2015). Besides Russia, imports come from Lithuania (31%) and Finland (21%) (2015).

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption rose by 3.4%/year between 2000 and 2007. Consumption contracted by 13% between 2007 and 2009 when Estonia was severely hit by the global economic crisis. Since then oil product consumption has remained broadly stable at around 1.1 Mt (including 2015).

Graph: OIL...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Between 2002 and 2006 gas consumption increased at the significant rate of about 8%/year, on average. It has been decreasing since then (678 mcm in 2013). It fell by 22% in 2014 when a large fertiliser plant stopped production. Mild temperatures further reduced gas consumption in 2015 (-10%),...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Oil shale consumption grew by 3.1%/year over the 2000-2014 period, reaching 21 Mt. In 2014, 2/3 of oil shale was consumed by power plants, while the other third was converted into fuel oil.

Graph: OIL SHALE CONSUMPTION (Mt)

...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased rapidly (+4%/year) between 2000 and 2008, but has been roughly stable since then (including 2015), fluctuating according to winter temperatures and electricity prices.

Services account for 38% of power consumption, followed by industry (28%) and...

Renewable in % electricity production

The EU Directive on renewables sets a target of 25% renewables in final consumption, 10% of biofuels in the final consumption of transport, and 4.8% renewables in electricity consumption by 2020. The Development Plan of the Estonian Electricity Sector until 2018 sets targets of 15% both for the...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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