2017 Estonia Key Figures
Population: 1.32 million
GDP growth rate: 4.85 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 87.0 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 14.8 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.14%
* at purchasing power parity
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Estonia Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is about 4.3 toe/cap (2017), i.e. 36% above the EU average, and twice that of other Baltic States. This is mainly due to the high share of oil shale, since it requires a significant amount of energy to be processed. Electricity consumption is in line with the EU average (5 500 kWh) and exceeds that of the other Baltic States by more than 70%.

Graph: ...

Estonia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

All of the country's oil product consumption is imported (1.4 Mt in 2017). Gasoline imports remained stable at 453 kt in 2017, while diesel imports dipped by 2.9% to 673 kt. Oil products used to come mainly from Russia, which is no longer the case (36% of the imports in 2017). Besides Russia, imports came from Lithuania (33%) and Finland (15%) in 2017.

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption grew by 1.4%/year between 2013 and 2017. It rose very rapidly between 2000 and 2007 (3.3%/year).


Transport absorbs nearly 71% of the consumption (70%), followed by the residential and services sector (12%) and industry (10%) (2017).


EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption declined between 2008 and 2015, because of the progressive conversion of heat producers to other fuels (especially biomass), the economic crisis (-32% in 2009 alone) and the closure of a large fertiliser plant in 2014. After a 10% recovery in 2016 (higher demand from the power sector), gas consumption decreased again in 2017 (-5% to 0.5 bcm). Between 2002 and 2006, gas ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Oil shale consumption grew by 3.1%/year (+54%) over the 2000-2014 period, reaching 21 Mt. It declined in 2015 (-13%), but recovered in 2016 (+5.2%).

In 2017, 61% of oil shale was consumed by power plants, while the remainder was converted into fuel oil.



 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased rapidly (+4.1%/year) between 2000 and 2007, but grew at a much slower pace thereafter (+1.1%/year, on average, between 2009 and 2016), reaching 7.7 TWh in 2016. It decreased to 7.3 TWh in 2017.

Services account for 38% of power consumption, followed by households (27%) and industry (31%) (2017).


Renewable in % electricity production

The EU Directive on renewables sets a target of 25% renewables in final consumption in 2020 (10% in transport and 4.8% in electricity consumption). The energy development plan for 2030 set the following targets for renewables: 28% in primary energy consumption, 50% in final energy consumption. and 80% of heat production in 2030.

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

According to the Protocol, Estonia's Kyoto objective was easily reached as in 2012 GHG emissions were 50% below their 1990 level (reduction target of 8%). Most of the reduction took place between 1990 and 1993 (-47%); since then, the emission level has been fluctuating around 20 Mt.


In its 2017 energy development, Estonia aims to reduce ...

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