2018 Ethiopia Key Figures
Population: 108 million
GDP growth rate: 7.71 %/year
Energy independence: 90.3%
Total consumption/GDP:* 43.7 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 0.13 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 23.0%
* at purchasing power parity
Ethiopia Related News
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Ethiopia Related Research

Total Energy consumption

In 2018, total energy consumption per capita is around 0.4 toe, including 99 kWh of electricity.

Total energy consumption is increasing steadily, albeit at a rate 3.5 times slower than economic growth (3.4%/year on average since 2010, against around 9.5%/year for the GDP).


Total energy consumption is mainly assured ...

Ethiopia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Since the closure of the refinery of Assab in 1997, the country has imported all its oil requirements (about 4.5 Mt in 2018).

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Renewable in % electricity production

Ethiopia plans to develop 25 GW of renewables by 2030 under its Climate Resilient Green Economy Initiative (CRGE), which will include 22 GW of hydropower, 1 GW of geothermal and 2 GW of wind capacity.

The MoWIE has been contemplating the possibility of introducing a feed-in tariff system. A draft bill was prepared and submitted to the MoWIE by EEA in 2012, but it has not been passed ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

According to its NDC, Ethiopia plans to limit its net GHG emissions in 2030 to 145 MtCO2eq or lower, which represents a 64% reduction from a BAU scenario. This objective is part of the Climate-Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) initiative launched in 2011. To reach this goal, an estimated investment of US$150bn over 20 years will be required.

The National Forestry Law, voted in 2018, aims ...

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