2017 Ethiopia Key Figures
Population: 105 million
GDP growth rate: 10.9 %/year
Energy independence: 92.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 44.6 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 0.12 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 17.8%
* at purchasing power parity
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Ethiopia Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is around 0.5 toe, including 99 kWh of electricity (2017).

Total energy consumption is increasing steadily, however at a rate more than three times slower than economic growth (3.3%/year on average since 2010, against around 10%/year for the GDP).


Total energy consumption is mainly ...

Ethiopia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Since the closure of the refinery of Assab in 1997, the country has imported all its oil requirements (about 4.1 Mt in 2017).

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Renewable in % electricity production

The GTP II states that the country will increase the capacity to 17.2 GW by 2019/2020 compared to 4.2 GW in 2014/2015, mainly relying on hydropower (13.8 GW), but also mentions that it plans to develop wind, geothermal, solar, and other renewable energy resources where appropriate.

Ethiopia plans to develop 25 GW of renewable energy by 2030 under its Climate Resilient Green Economy ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The Government launched the Climate-Resilient Green Economy initiative (CRGE) in 2011 to protect the country against the adverse effects of climate change and to build a green economy by 2025.

According to its NDC, which entered into force in 2017, Ethiopia plans to limit its net GHG emissions in 2030 to 145 MtCO2eq or lower, which represents a 64% reduction from the projected ...

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