2016 Finland Key Figures
Population: 5.50 million
GDP growth rate: 1.39 %/year
Energy independence: 54.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 92.7 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.53 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 2.96%
* at purchasing power parity
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Finland Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is almost twice as high as the EU average, at 6.1 toe in 2016, including around 15 000 kWh of electricity (2.7-fold higher than the EU average). This gap is due to a higher share of pulp and paper industries (24% of final consumption and nearly 18% of primary consumption, compared to an average of 15% in the EU).


Finland energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil supplies are primarily ensured by imports, in particular crude oil (more than 80%). In 2017, 88% of crude oil came from Russia, the remainder mostly from Norway and the European Union. Finland is a net exporter of oil products (2.9 Mt in 2016, vs 1.6 Mt in 2015), mainly to the European Union.

The country has 2 refineries, in Naantali and Porvoo, owned by Neste Oil, with a total ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption decreased between 2006 and 2015 (-2.8%/year) and remained stable in 2016 (8 Mt in 2016).

Transport is the largest consuming sector for oil products, although its share is relatively modest (46% in 2016). Industry accounts for 28%, the residential-services sector for 14% and power plants for just 1%; the remainder is used in district heating.

Graph: OIL ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption has been decreasing since 2003 (-112% between 2003 and 2016) down to 2.5 bcm/year in 2016.

Industry usually consumes 36% of gas in 2016, followed by CHP power plants with 32%. The chemical feedstock industry and district heating sector also consume a large part of the gas.



EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Total coal, lignite and peat consumption fell by 41% between 2010 and 2016. Cheap coal prices contributed to an 8% increase in consumption in 2016.

The power sector is the main consumer of coal, with 69% of total consumption in 2016. The share of industry is limited (17%).

Thermal coal consumption declined by 10% to 3.2 Mt in 2017, with thermal coal stocks declining by 15% to ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption decreased slightly between 2007 and 2015, (-1%/year) and increased slightly in 2016 to 82 TWh in 2016. Electricity consumption had increased quite rapidly until 2007 (2.3%/year, on average, between 1990 and 2007).

The share of industry in electricity consumption was 47% in 2016, compared to 27% for the residential sector and 21% for the tertiary sector. These ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In accordance with the Directive on renewables, renewables will have to represent 38% of final consumption in 2020 (including 33% of electricity consumption by 2020 and 20% of transport consumption). The objective was reached in 2017 and the country now plans to increase the consumption of renewables by 40% by 2025.

Finland has introduced investment subsidies for the construction of ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The Kyoto objective to stabilise GHG emissions at 1990 levels was reached, since in 2012 GHG emissions were 12% below their 1990 level. Emissions reached 58.8 Mt in 2016, which is 15% lower than in 1990.

Ahead of the COP 21, Finland and other EU members announced a binding 40% GHG emission reduction target by 2030 compared to 1990. The Government plans to cut GHG emissions by 80%-95% ...

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