2018 France Key Figures
Population: 67.5 million
GDP growth rate: 1.56 %/year
Energy independence: 55.8%
Total consumption/GDP:* 77.7 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.47 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.84%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita stood at 3.6 toe in 2018 and is 15% above the EU average. Electricity consumption per capita is 16% higher than the EU average due to the high penetration of electric heating (6 500 kWh in 2018).


Total energy consumption has been decreasing by an average of 0.9%/year since its peak levels in 2005 ...

France energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Most of the oil consumed in France is imported; 57% in the form of crude oil (53 Mt in 2018) and 43% in the form of refined products (40 Mt, in 2018). In 2018, crude oil and condensates were mainly imported from Kazakhstan (17%), Saudi Arabia (15%), Russia (14%), and Nigeria (11%), whereas exchanges with Iran (-54%) dropped due to the economic sanctions.

France received crude oil from ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption decreased by 2.9%/year, on average, between 2001 and 2018 to reach 55 Mt.


The share of oil is focused on captive uses, namely the transport sector, with a 59% share of oil consumption, up from 50% in 2000.


EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas demand increased rapidly until 2001, when it reached 46 bcm. It has varied since then between 38 bcm and 48 bcm, with strong fluctuations linked to the severity of the winter season (41 bcm in 2018).


Buildings absorbed more than half of the gas consumption (53% in 2018), while 29% went to industry and 13% to power plants (2018). ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Consumption has fallen by almost 50% since 2000 (i.e. -3.7%/year) as a result of the shutdown of several coal-fired power plants. In total, coal consumption in the power sector has fallen by nearly 60% since 2000. In 2018, the power sector accounted for just 35%, down from 50% in 2013, when coal prices were particularly low.


Graph: COAL ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

The country's electricity demand increased relatively rapidly until 2005, when it reached about 450 TWh. It then fluctuated around that level according to economic and weather conditions (because of the high penetration of electric heating systems, i.e. around 1/3 of homes) (441 TWh in 2018).


Households absorb an increasing share of ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In accordance with the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to reach a share of renewables in final consumption of 23% in 2020, of which 27% for electricity, 33% for heating and cooling and 10.5% in transport; the country is behind schedule to achieve this target (16.3% achieved in 2017). According to the PPE to 2028 (2019), the share of renewables in final energy ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

France's Kyoto target for GHG emissions was met since in 2012 total emissions were 11% below 1990 levels (compared to a target of stability). In 2018, France's GHG emissions are around 20% below 1990 levels. According to the French climate council's first report (Haut conseil pour le climat, June 2019), the cut in GHG emissions (excl. LULUCF) should exceed 3%/year by 2025 to meet the ...

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