France

2012 France Key Figures
Population: 65.8 million
GDP growth rate: 0.03 %/year
Energy independence: 53.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 88.9 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.90 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.08%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

French consumption per capita has been shrinking since 2004. It stood at 3.8 toe in 2012, which corresponds to the 1990 level, although it is still 18% above the European average (3.3 toe).

Graph: Consumption trends by Energy Source (Mtoe)

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France energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Most of the oil consumed in France is imported; 71% in the form of crude oil (57 Mt) and 29% in the form of refined products (23 Mt, net imports, 2012). In 2012, Crude oil was mainly imported from Russia (15%), Saudi Arabia (14%), Kazakhstan (13%), Libya (11%), Norway (8%) and Nigeria (6%),...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

In spite of fluctuations, oil product consumption has decreased by 18% since 2001. The share of oil is focused on captive uses, namely the transport sector (54% of final consumption). In 2012 oil product consumption decreased by 2.3%, following a 1.6% drop in 2011.

Graph: Oil Consumption...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas demand increased rapidly until 2001 (by 4.6/year, on average, between 1990 and 2001). It remained almost stable until 2009, at around 45 bcm. Due to the colder-than-usual winter, gas consumption surged by 14% to 51 bcm in 2010, but then dropped by 13% in 2011 (44 bcm), due to a milder-than-...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Consumption has fallen by over 40% since 1990, to around 15 Mt in 2011. However, due to the low coal price on the international market, coal consumption rebounded in 2012 (+13%) to reach 17 Mt, with a growing consumption seen in the power sector. In 2012, 48% of the coal was consumed by power...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

The country's electricity consumption per capita is significantly higher than the European average due to the high penetration of electric heating (7 000 kWh in 2012, up from 5 700 kWh in 1990).

The country's electricity demand increased relatively rapidly until 2005 (2.2%/year, on...

France Electricity Market

Renewable in % electricity production

In accordance with the European Directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, the national target is to increase the share of renewable energies in final consumption to 23% by 2020 (compared to 12.4% in 2010).

The European target was integrated within the...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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