France

2017 France Key Figures
Population: 67.2 million
GDP growth rate: 1.57 %/year
Energy independence: 53.7%
Total consumption/GDP:* 80.1 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.81 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.74%
* at purchasing power parity
France Related Analysis
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France Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita stood at 3.6 toe in 2017 and is 20% above the EU average. Electricity consumption per capita is 16% higher than the EU average due to the high penetration of electric heating (6 600 kWh in 2017).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption has been decreasing by an average of 0.9%/year since its peak levels in 2005 ...

France energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Most of the oil consumed in France is imported; 60% in the form of crude oil (57 Mt) and 40% in the form of refined products (38 Mt, net imports, 2017). In 2016, crude oil was mainly imported from Saudi Arabia (19%), Kazakhstan (14%) and Nigeria (12%).

France received crude oil from three ports: Donges (near Nantes), Le Havre and Marseille. Six additional import points of refined ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption decreased by 1.9%/year, on average, between 2001 and 2014, and has remained stable over the last 3 years. The drop in consumption until 2014 is explained by a combination of factors: the stabilisation of the number of vehicles on the roads since 2005, their increasing efficiency, the industrial recession, and the switch from oil heating systems to other ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas demand increased rapidly until 2001, when it reached 46 bcm. It fluctuated since then between 38 bcm and 48 bcm, with strong fluctuations linked to the severity of the winter season (45 bcm in 2017).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Half of the consumption goes to the residential-tertiary sector (51%), 27% to industry and 17% to power plants (2017). Since 2010 and ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Consumption has fallen by almost 50% since 2000, as a result of the shutdown of several coal-fired power plants. It has rebounded by 10% in 2017 to 15 Mt, driven by the power sector (+32%) because of low availability of the nuclear power fleet. In total, coal consumption in the power sector has fallen by nearly 60% since 2000. In 2017, the power sector accounted for just 34%, down from 50% ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

The country's electricity demand increased relatively rapidly until 2005, when it reached about 450 TWh. It then fluctuated around that level according to economic and weather conditions (because of the high penetration of electric heating systems, i.e. around 1/3 of homes) (445 TWh in 2017).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Households absorb an increasing share of ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In accordance with the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to reach a share of renewables in final consumption of 23% by 2020 (14.9% in 2015), of which 27% for electricity, 33% in heating and cooling consumption and 10.5% in transport; however, the country is currently behind schedule to achieve this target (15.7% achieved in 2016). According to the Energy Transition ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

France's Kyoto target for GHG emissions was met since in 2012 total emissions were 11% below 1990 levels (compared to a target of stability). In 2016, GHG emissions were around 15% below 1990 levels. France's GHG emissions grew by 1.3% in 2016.

A new Climate Plan was unveiled in July 2017 to reduce France's carbon footprint. The government has set 2050 as a deadline to achieve ...

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