France

2016 France Key Figures
Population: 66.8 million
GDP growth rate: 1.33 %/year
Energy independence: 53.2%
Total consumption/GDP:* 81.5 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.68 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.74%
* at purchasing power parity
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France Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita stood at 3.6 toe in 2016 and is 19% above the EU average. Electricity consumption per capita is 16% higher than the EU average due to the high penetration of electric heating (6 700 kWh in 2016).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

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France energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Most of the oil consumed in France is imported; 59% in the form of crude oil (58 Mt) and 41% in the form of refined products (40 Mt, net imports, 2016). In 2015, crude oil was mainly imported from Saudi Arabia (19%), Kazakhstan (14%), Nigeria (12%) and Russia (8%).

France received crude...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption decreased by 2%/year, on average, between 2001 and 2014, and has remained stable over the last 3 years. The drop in consumption until 2014 is explained by a combination of factors: the stabilisation of the number of vehicles on the roads since 2005, their increasing...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas demand increased rapidly until 2001. It remained almost stable until 2009, at around 45 bcm, with strong fluctuations linked to the severity of the winter season. In 2016, gas consumption surged by more than 9% to 44 bcm, driven by the power sector due to the low availability of nuclear...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Consumption has fallen by almost 50% since 2000, including a 1.2% drop in 2016 to 13.2 Mt. Coal consumption in the power sector has fallen by nearly 70% since 2000, as a result of the shutdown of several coal-fired power plants. In 2016, the power sector accounted for just 29%, down from 50% in...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

The country's electricity demand increased relatively rapidly until 2005, when it reached about 450 TWh. It then fluctuated around that level according to economic and weather conditions (because of the high penetration of electric heating systems, i.e. around 1/3 of homes). In 2016, electricity...

Renewable in % electricity production

In accordance with the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to reach a share of renewables in final consumption of 23% by 2020 (14.9% in 2015), of which 27% for electricity, 33% in heating and cooling consumption and 10.5% in transport; however, the country is currently...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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