Germany

2018 Germany Key Figures
Population: 83.3 million
GDP growth rate: 1.45 %/year
Energy independence: 36.4%
Total consumption/GDP:* 72.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.64 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.03%
* at purchasing power parity
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Germany Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Per capita consumption is 3.6 toe (2018). This number is 20% above the EU average. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 350 kWh (13% above the EU average); it has been decreasing by 5% since 2012.

Germany is the largest energy consumer in Europe. Total consumption decreased by 1.2%/year between 2006 and 2014, then rose by 1%/year to 314 Mt in 2017; in 2018 it fell again to ...

Germany energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Germany relies on imports for more than 95% of its crude oil supply with a production of 3.4 Mt in 2018. The country's main suppliers of crude oil in 2018 were Russia (36%) and Norway (12%), while the combined share of OPEC countries amounted to 23%.

Germany has 12 refineries in operation with a total capacity of 2.1 mb/d. Diesel and heating oil account for 45% of the production of ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products dropped on a regular basis between 1998 and 2012 (-24%), driven by a transition from oil to gas in space heating for buildings. It then settled at a flat rate to 2015 before slightly rebounding in 2016 and 2017 up to 102 Mt in the latter year; 2018 saw a relatively large drop, down 5.5% to 96 Mt.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

More than half ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption increased by 6.1%/year from 2015 to 2017, driven by increasing demand from the household and power sectors. In 2018, however, consumption fell by 7% to 92 bcm contributed to by higher efficiencies, but also by the warmer winter.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

In 2018, buildings (residential, services and agriculture) accounted for 42% of the ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption decreased from 2014 to 2018, down to 215 Mt, mainly because of the closure of several coal-and lignite fired power plants. Consumption remained relatively stable at around 240 Mt between 1999 and 2013.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The power sector absorbs 86% of coal and lignite consumption, followed by industry (9%).

Graph: COAL ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been relatively stable since 2014 (525 TWh in 2018) after a decreasing trend over 2010-2014, mainly due to the buildings sector (-7.4%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh).

Electricity consumption is dominated by industry (43% in 2018), followed by services (27%) and the residential sector (25%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA), within BMWi, is the agency that funds the development of renewables.

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) of 2010 sets the share of renewables at 18% of final consumption in 2020 (15.5% achieved in 2017), of which15.5% for heating and cooling (13.4% in 2017), 39.8% in electricity (40% in 2018), and 14.3% in ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2016, the Government approved the country's climate change action plan that aims to reduce GHG emissions by 40% by 2020, at least 55% by 2030 and by 95% by 2050, compared to 1990, with sectoral reduction targets for 2030: 50% for the energy sector, 61-64% for buildings, 49-51% for transport and 31-34% for agriculture. The exit from lignite, previously considered, was abandoned ...

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