Germany

2019 Germany Key Figures
Population: 83.8 million
GDP growth rate: 0.54 %/year
Energy independence: 35.0%
Total consumption/GDP:* 70.9 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.03 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.56%
* at purchasing power parity
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Germany Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Per capita consumption is 3.5 toe (2019). Per capita electricity consumption is 6 200 kWh; it has been decreasing by 1.3%/year since 2012.

Germany is the largest energy consumer in Europe. Total consumption decreased by 1.2%/year between 2016 and 2019 to 296 Mtoe.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Graph: TOTAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE BY ENERGY ...

Germany energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Germany relies on imports for more than 95% of its crude oil supply with a production of 3.2 Mt in 2019. The country imported 86 Mt of crude oil in 2019. The country's main suppliers of crude oil are Russia (34% in 2018) and the Netherlands (12% in 2018).

Germany has 12 refineries in operation with a total capacity of 2.1 mb/d. Diesel and heating oil account for 45% of the production ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Since 2012, the consumption of oil products remained relatively flat at around 100 Mt/year.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

More than half of oil products are consumed in transport (55%). Industry accounts for 20% of consumption and buildings 18% (2018).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption increased by 3.9%/year since 2015, to reach 95 bcm in 2019.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

In 2019, buildings (residential, services, and agriculture) accounted for 41% of the gas consumption; this is trailed by the industrial (30%) and power sectors (25%), while the latter represented 29% of gas consumption in 2010.

Graph: GAS ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption decreased by 5.7%/year from 2014 to 2019, with a 20% decrease in 2019 alone to 171 Mt, mainly because of the closure of several coal-and lignite fired power plants.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The power sector absorbs 82% of coal and lignite consumption and industry accounts for 12%.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has decreased by 2.3%/year since 2017. It remained relatively stable between 2015 and 2017 and decreased by 1%/year over 2011-2014. In 2019, the electricity consumption was 5% lower than in 2010.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh).

Electricity consumption is dominated by industry (42% in 2019), followed by services (27%) and the residential ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA), within BMWi, is the agency that funds the development of renewables.

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) of 2010 sets the share of renewables at 18% of final consumption in 2020 (16.5% achieved in 2018), of which 15.5% for heating and cooling (16.6% in 2018), 39.8% for electricity (38% in 2018), and 14.3% for ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In December 2019, Germany's Climate Action Programme 2030 received final approval from the upper house of the parliament (Bundstrat). The bill prescribes how much CO2 each economic sector (energy, industry, transport, buildings, agriculture, waste, and others) can emit each year between 2020 and 2030. The Climate Protection Act would oblige the responsible ministries to take immediate ...

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