Germany

2016 Germany Key Figures
Population: 80.8 million
GDP growth rate: 1.75 %/year
Energy independence: 37.8%
Total consumption/GDP:* 79.5 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 9.17 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.61%
* at purchasing power parity
Germany Related News
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Germany Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Per capita consumption is 3.8 toe (2016), which is 23% above the EU average, including 6 600 kWh for power (19% above the EU average).

Germany is the largest energy consumer in Europe. Total consumption decreased by 1.2%/year between 2006 and 2014. It rebounded in 2015 (+0.9%) to 308 Mtoe...

Germany energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Germany relies on imports for more than 95% of its crude oil supply (production of 4.6 Mt in 2016). In 2015, the country's main suppliers of crude oil were Russia (36%), Norway (14%) and the UK (11%), while the share of the OPEC countries amounted to 19%.

Following the closure of several...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products has dropped on a regular basis since 1998 (-25%) from 129 Mt to 96 Mt in 2015, driven by a strong reduction in buildings (-44% or -15 Mt) due to the switch to gas space heating. It rebounded in 2016 up to 98 Mt (+2.0%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

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EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

"Normal" temperatures in 2015, after a mild weather in 2014, caused gas consumption to rise by 5% to 83 bcm (i.e. the level in 1995). Most of the reduction recorded since 2010 comes from the power sector (-7.4 bcm). It rebounded sharply in 2016 up to 91 bcm (+9.6%) due to a tougher winter.

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EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has remained relatively stable at around 240 Mt since 1999. It dropped by 1.5% in 2015 and by -4.5% in 2016 to 226 Mt, mainly due to the closure of several coal-fired power plants.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

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 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption restarted to grow (+1.4%) in 2015 to 533 TWh after four consecutive years of reductions, driven by the drop in buildings (-7.4% between 2010 and 2014, i.e. -21 TWh). In 2016, it remained the same.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

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Renewable in % electricity production

The Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA), within BMWi, is the agency that funds the development of renewables.

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) of 2010 sets the share of renewables at 15.5% for heating and cooling (12.9%...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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