2017 Germany Key Figures
Population: 83.4 million
GDP growth rate: 2.05 %/year
Energy independence: 38.7%
Total consumption/GDP:* 78.0 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 9.26 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.78%
* at purchasing power parity
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Germany Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Per capita consumption is 3.8 toe (2017), which is 20% above the EU average, including 6 400 kWh for power (14% above the EU average).

Germany is the largest energy consumer in Europe. Total consumption decreased by 1.2%/year between 2006 and 2014. It rebounded since then to 314 Mt in 2017 (+1%/year since 2014).


Germany energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Germany relies on imports for more than 95.5% of its crude oil supply (production of 4.1 Mt in 2017). In 2016, the country's main suppliers of crude oil were Russia (40%), Norway (14%) and the UK (11%), while the share of the OPEC countries amounted to 18%.

Germany has 12 refineries in operation with a total capacity of 2.1 mb/d. Diesel and heating oil account for 45% of the ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products has dropped on a regular basis since 1998 (-25%) from 129 Mt to 96 Mt in 2015, driven by a strong reduction in buildings (-44% or -15 Mt) due to the switch to gas space heating. It rebounded in 2016 and 2017 up to 102 Mt (+0.5%/year since 2014).


More than half (52%) of their consumption goes to transport, up from ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption has been increasing by 6.1%/year since 2015 to 94 bcm in 2017. It decreased between 2010 and 2015 because of a lower demand from the power sector (-7.4 bcm).


In 2017, buildings absorbed 45% of the gas consumption; they are followed by the industrial (29%) and electricity sectors (21%), while the latter represented 29% ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has decreased in 2016 and 2017 to 222 Mt in 2017, mainly because of the closure of several coal-and lignite fired power plants. It remained relatively stable at around 240 Mt between 1999 and 2016.


The electricity sector absorbs 85% of coal and lignite consumption, followed by industry (%).

Graph: COAL ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been roughly stable since 2014 (531 TWh in 2017) after four consecutive years of reductions, driven by the drop in buildings (-7.4% between 2010 and 2014, i.e. -21 TWh).


Electricity consumption is dominated by industry (43% in 2017), followed by services (27%) and households (residential sector) ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA), within BMWi, is the agency that funds the development of renewables.

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) of 2010 sets the share of renewables at 18% of final consumption in 2020, of which 15.5% for heating and cooling (14.8% at end 2016), 39.8% in electricity (30.7%) and 14.3% in transport (6.8%). The 2010 Energy ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2016, the Government approved the country's climate change action plan that aims to reduce GHG emissions by 40% by 2020, at least 55% by 2030 and by 95% by 2050, compared to 1990, and includes sectoral targets for 2030: 50% cut for the energy sector, 61-64% for buildings, 49-51% for transport and 31-34% for agriculture. The exit from lignite, previously considered, was abandoned ...

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