Germany

2018 Germany Key Figures
Population: 83.8 million
GDP growth rate: 1.91 %/year
Energy independence: 38.4%
Total consumption/GDP:* 71.9 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.61 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.75%
* at purchasing power parity
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Germany Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Per capita consumption is 3.6 toe (2018). This number is 20% above the EU average. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 350 kWh (13% above the EU average); it has been decreasing by 5% since 2012.

Germany is the largest energy consumer in Europe. Total consumption decreased by 1.2%/year between 2006 and 2014, then rose by 1%/year to 314 Mt in 2017; in 2018 it fell again to ...

Germany energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Germany relies on imports for more than 95% of its crude oil supply with a production of 4.1 Mt in 2017. The country's main suppliers of crude oil in 2017 were Russia (33%) and Norway (11%), while the combined share of OPEC countries amounted to 24%.

Germany has 12 refineries in operation with a total capacity of 2.1 mb/d. Diesel and heating oil account for 45% of the production of ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products dropped on a regular basis between 1998 and 2015(-25%), driven by a transition from oil to gas in space heating for buildings. This rebounded in 2016 and 2017, however, up to 102 Mt, but settled 5.5% down at 96 Mt in 2018.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

More than half of oil products are consumed in transport (55%), up from 43% in 1998. ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption increased by 6.1%/year from 2015 to 2017, driven by increasing demand from the household and power sectors. In 2018, however, consumption fell by 7% to 87 bcm contributed to by higher efficiencies, but also by the warmer winter.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

In 2018, residential, services and agriculture absorbed 45% of the gas consumption; ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption decreased from 2016 to 2018, down to 217 Mt, mainly because of the closure of several coal-and lignite fired power plants. Consumption remained relatively stable at around 240 Mt between 1999 and 2016.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The electricity sector absorbs 83% of coal and lignite consumption, followed by industry (10%).

Graph: COAL ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been growing slightly, since 2014 (533 TWh in 2018) after four consecutive years of reductions, driven by the decrease in consumption from buildings (-7.4%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh).

Electricity consumption is dominated by industry (44% in 2018), followed by services (27%) and the residential sector (24%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA), within BMWi, is the agency that funds the development of renewables.

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) of 2010 sets the share of renewables at 18% of final consumption in 2020, compared to 15.5% in 2017. Breaking down this target, it consists of 15.5% for heating and cooling (13.4% in 2017), 39.8% in ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2016, the Government approved the country's climate change action plan that aims to reduce GHG emissions by 40% by 2020, at least 55% by 2030 and by 95% by 2050, compared to 1990, with sectoral targets for 2030: 50% cut for the energy sector, 61-64% for buildings, 49-51% for transport and 31-34% for agriculture. The exit from lignite, previously considered, was abandoned since the ...

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