Hungary

2018 Hungary Key Figures
Population: 9.76 million
GDP growth rate: 4.94 %/year
Energy independence: 41.4%
Total consumption/GDP:* 77.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.87 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.93%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 2.7 toe (13% below the EU average), including 4 000 kWh of electricity (27% below the EU average) (2018).

Total energy consumption has been recovering since 2014 (+2.7%/year), nearing 27 Mtoe in 2018, after a 10% decline between 2010 and 2013. Before, it fluctuated around 25-27 Mtoe between 2000 and 2010.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY ...

Hungary energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production, which is distributed over 6 production sites, covers around 14% of the country's needs (1.1 Mt in 2018). Russia is the main oil supplier (66% in 2018), followed by Kazakhstan (15%) and Iraq (12%).

The country has one refinery, the Szazhalombatta refinery of MOL, with a capacity of 162 000 bbl/d (8.1 Mt/year), that processed 8.9 Mt in 2018. MOL closed the 10 000 bbl/d ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been rising by 6.7%/year since 2013, reaching 7.6 Mt in 2018.

The bulk of oil products is consumed in the transport sector (57% in 2018, compared to 44% in 2000), but a high share (32%) is consumed in industry.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption has been recovering between 2014 and 2017 (+6%/year). Gas consumption fell by 3% to 10.3 bcm. It fell rapidly between 2005 and 2014 (by 5.6%/year).

Half of the gas is consumed by households and services (49% in 2018). The share of industry in gas consumption has increased since 2000, from 18% to 22% in 2018 (including non-energy uses), a share higher than that of the ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption halved between 1990 and 2018, from 22 Mt to 9.4 Mt, in line with the demand from power plants, as most of the coal and lignite is used in the power sector (83%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been rising since 2014 (+3%/year) and reached 40 TWh in 2018. It remained roughly stable between 2008 and 2014 and increased rapidly (+2.4%/year) from 2000 to 2008.

The share of electricity consumed in industry has increased from 25% in 2007 to 42% (2018). Households and services account for half of electricity consumption, with 29% and 21%, ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In 2011, Hungary's National Renewable Energy Action Plan 2010-2020 raised the national target for renewables in the country's final energy consumption by 2020 from 13% (EU Directive target) to 14.65%. By 2020 renewables should account for 10% of transport consumption, 10.9% of electricity consumption, and 18.9% of heating consumption. According to Eurostat, this share was 13.3% in 2017 ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Hungary's Kyoto commitment was easily fulfilled as GHG emissions in 2012 were 36% below the 1990 level, compared to a target reduction of 6%. GHG emissions have been rising since 2014, by 3% per year, reaching 64 Mt in 2017 (i.e. 32% below their 1990 level).

As part of the energy and climate targets of the EU 2020 strategy, the country aims to limit the growth of its GHG emissions to ...

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