Hungary

2014 Hungary Key Figures
Population: 9.86 million
GDP growth rate: 3.67 %/year
Energy independence: 45.2%
Total consumption/GDP:* 77.8 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.96 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.18%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 2.3 toe (26% below the EU average), including 3 900 kWh of electricity (2014).

Total energy consumption fluctuated between 25 Mtoe and 27 Mtoe between 2000 and 2011. After a 10% decline between 2011 and 2013, primary consumption stabilised in 2014 at 22...

Hungary energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production, which is distributed over 6 production sites, covers around 10% of the country's needs (0.8 Mt in 2014). Russia is the main oil supplier (89% in 2014, 81% in 2015), followed by Iraq (10% in 2014 and 19% in 2015).

The country has a refining capacity of 162 000 bbl/d (8.1 Mt...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption fell by 16% between 2000 and 2013, but rose by 4% in 2014, reaching 5.7 Mt. According to preliminary estimates, oil product consumption increased by 10% in 2015, to 6.3 Mt.

The bulk of oil products is consumed in the transport sector (57% in 2014, compared to 34% in 1990...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Between 2000 and 2005 gas consumption grew very rapidly, at a rate of 4.5%/year. It has been on a downward trend ever since (-41% between 2005 and 2014). According to preliminary estimates, gas consumption grew by 5.5% in 2015, to 9.3 bcm.

The share of industry in gas consumption has...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption halved between 1990 and 2014, from 21 Mt to 10 Mt, in line with the demand from power plants (-1.5%/year), as most of the coal and lignite is used in the power sector (88% in 2014), with the bulk being lignite (over 90%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2004 (+2.4%/year), but has been hovering between 34 and 36 TWh since then (37 TWh in 2014). According to preliminary statistics, it grew by 3% in 2015.

The share of the industrial sector in this electricity consumption is rather...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the EU Directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in the country's final energy consumption to 13% by 2020. This target was raised to 14.65% by 2020 following the adoption of Hungary's National...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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