2017 Hungary Key Figures
Population: 9.79 million
GDP growth rate: 3.99 %/year
Energy independence: 42.3%
Total consumption/GDP:* 82.0 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.01 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.45%
* at purchasing power parity
Hungary Related News
Interested in a daily & world selection of energy articles? More information on Key Energy Intelligence
Hungary Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 2.7 toe (14% below the EU average), including 4 000 kWh of electricity (29% below the EU average) (2017).

Total energy consumption fluctuated between 25 Mtoe and 27 Mtoe between 2000 and 2010. After a 10% decline between 2010 and 2013, primary consumption has been recovering (+2.7%/year), nearing 27 Mtoe in 2017.


Hungary energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production, which is distributed over 6 production sites, covers around 14% of the country's needs (1.1 Mt in 2017). Russia is the main oil supplier (74% in 2017), followed by Kazakhstan (14%) and Iraq (10%).

The country has one refinery, the Szazhalombatta refinery of MOL, with a capacity of 162 000 bbl/d (8.1 Mt/year), that processed 8.3 Mt in 2017. MOL closed the ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

After a 15% fall between 2000 and 2013, oil consumption has been rising by 6.8%/year since 2013, reaching 7.2 Mt in 2017.

The bulk of oil products is consumed in the transport sector (58% in 2017, compared to 44% in 2000), but a high share (30%) is consumed in industry.



EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption fell rapidly between 2005 and 2014 (by 5.6%/year), reaching 8.9 bcm. It has been recovering since then (+6.2%/year), to nearly 11 bcm in 2017. Gas consumption rose by 6.3% in 2017.

Half of the gas is consumed by households and services (51% in 2016). The share of industry in gas consumption has increased since 2000, from 18% to 22% in 2016 (including non-energy uses), ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption halved between 1990 and 2017, from 22 Mt to 9.6 Mt, in line with the demand from power plants (-1.9%/year), as most of the coal and lignite is used in the power sector (82% in 2017).



 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased rapidly (+2.4%/year) between 2000 and 2008 before stagnating around 36 TWh until 2014. Since then, it has been rising again (+3%year through 2017, and +2.6% in 2017 alone) and reached 39 TWh in 2017.

The share of electricity consumed in industry has increased from 29% to 42% (2017). Households and services account for half of electricity consumption, ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In 2011, Hungary's National Renewable Energy Action Plan 2010-2020 raised the national target for renewables in the country's final energy consumption by 2020 from 13% (EU Directive target) to 14.65%. By 2020 renewables should account for 10% of transport consumption, 10.9% of electricity consumption, and 18.9% of heating consumption. The National Energy Strategy 2030 (2012) sets a target ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Hungary's commitment within the framework of the Kyoto Protocol was easily fulfilled as GHG emissions in 2012 were 36% below the 1990 level, compared to a target reduction of 6%. GHG emissions remained stable in 2014, but rose in 2015 and 2016 to 62 Mt (i.e. 34% below their 1990 level).


As part of the energy and climate targets of the ...

Secured payment by Banque Populaire des Alpes VISA MASTERCARD