Hungary

2016 Hungary Key Figures
Population: 9.82 million
GDP growth rate: 1.95 %/year
Energy independence: 42.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 101 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.60 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.96%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 2.5 toe (20% below the EU average), including 3 800 kWh of electricity (31% below the EU average) (2016).

Total energy consumption fluctuated between 25 Mtoe and 27 Mtoe between 2000 and 2010. After a 13% decline between 2010 and 2013, primary consumption has been recovering (+3%/year), reaching 24 Mtoe in 2016.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ...

Hungary energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production, which is distributed over 6 production sites, covers around 12% of the country's needs (0.9 Mt in 2016). Russia is the main oil supplier (80% in 2016), followed by Iraq (12%).

The country has one refinery, the Szazhalombatta refinery of MOL, with a capacity of 162 000 bbl/d (8.1 Mt/year). MOL closed the 10 000 bbl/d Zala refinery in 2001 and the 61 000 bbl/d Tisza ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption fell by 20% between 2000 and 2013, but has been rising by 6.8%/year since then, reaching 6.4 Mt in 2016.

The bulk of oil products is consumed in the transport sector (60% in 2016, compared to 44% in 2000), but a high share (26%) is consumed in industry.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2016, %)

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

After a 4.5%/year increase between 2000 and 2005, gas consumption fell rapidly until 2014 (-5.9%/year), reaching 8.7 bcm. It has been recovering since then (+7%/year), to 9.9 bcm in 2016.

Half of the gas is consumed by households and services (52% in 2016). The share of industry in gas consumption has increased since 2000, from 18% to 25% in 2016 (including non-energy uses), a share ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption halved between 1990 and 2012, from 22 Mt to 11 Mt, in line with the demand from power plants (-1.5%/year), as most of the coal and lignite is used in the power sector (87% in 2016).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2016, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2008 (+2.4%/year), but has been hovering between 34 and 37 TWh since then (37 TWh in 2015 and 2016).

Electricity consumption in industry has increased by 3.5%/year since 2000 and the share of this sector in total electricity consumption has risen from 29% to 41%. Services and households account for half of electricity ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In 2011, Hungary's National Renewable Energy Action Plan 2010-2020 raised the national target for renewables in the country's final energy consumption by 2020 from 13% (EU Directive target) to 14.65%. By 2020 renewables should account for 10% of transport consumption, 10.9% of electricity consumption, and 18.9% of heating consumption. The National Energy Strategy 2030 (2012) sets a target ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Hungary's commitment within the framework of the Kyoto Protocol was easily fulfilled as GHG emissions were 36% below the 1990 level, compared to a target of 6%. GHG emissions remained stable in 2014 and rose by 5.5% in 2015 to 62 Mt, which is 35% below their 1990 level.

As part of the energy and climate targets of the EU 2020 strategy, the country aims to limit the growth of its GHG ...

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