2017 India Key Figures
Population: 1327 million
GDP growth rate: 6.72 %/year
Energy independence: 63.8%
Total consumption/GDP:* 76.4 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.66 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 19.5%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita remains very low: 0.7 toe in 2017, compared to 1.9 toe per capita at the global level, and 1.4 toe per capita in the Asian region. Electricity consumption per capita was 871 kWh in 2017, compared with an Asian average of around 2 300 kWh.

Total energy consumption has been increasing rapidly, by around 5%/year since 2005.

Coal is the country's ...

India energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production has remained near-stable since 2010 (around 42 Mt in 2017).

Given the rapid growth in oil demand, net oil imports are increasing rapidly and India is now the world's third largest importer of crude with imports of 258 Mt (2017), compared to 74 Mt in 2000. Imports represent around 83% of the country's oil needs. India is a net oil product exporter (about 35 Mt in 2017, ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has increased rapidly since 2000 (4.0%/year) to reach 212 Mt in 2017.

Of the total oil products, 41% are consumed in transport, 30% in the industrial sector, and 19% in the residential, services and agriculture sector. The remainder is consumed in power plants (4%) and for other energy uses (6%).



Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption soared over 2009-2011 to reach 64 bcm, and then dropped to 50 bcm in 2014 and 2015 due to supply problems. Gas consumption has since increased 14% to reach 58 bcm in 2017, as global LNG prices fell, and the country imported more LNG.

Industry is the main consumer of gas with 57% (mainly fertiliser plants). It is followed by electricity production (30%). The Government ...

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption reached 953 Mt in 2017. It increased very rapidly between 2000 and 2013 (6.1%/year), but has slowed down since 2014 (2.2%/year). Coal is mainly used for power generation (73%) followed by industry (23%).



 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has increased sharply at an average of 7.4% year since 2005 to reach 1 156 TWh in 2017.


Compared to other countries, the share of agriculture in electricity consumption is high (20% of electricity consumption), as many citizens still depend on agriculture for a living and because of heavily subsidised prices in ...

Renewable in % electricity production

IREDA, the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency, has since 1987 overseen financing the development of renewables.

As part of the 12th Plan, India planned to double its renewable capacity (excluding large hydro) from about 29.5 GW at end-2013 to 60 GW by March 2017. The target was almost reached with 57.2 GW installed in March 2017 (of which 14.1 GW added over ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In its NDC, India aims to reduce its CO2 emission intensity of GDP by 33-35% by 2030 relative to 2005. It also aims for 40% of the total electricity capacity to be based on non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.

CO2 emissions from the use of energy have more than quadrupled since 1990 and have increased rapidly since 2010. In 2017, they reached 2 208 MtCO2 (+41% compared to ...

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