India

2016 India Key Figures
Population: 1310 million
GDP growth rate: 7.62 %/year
Energy independence: 66.3%
Total consumption/GDP:* 77.2 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.63 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 19.9%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita remains very low: 0.67 toe in 2016, compared to 1.9 toe per capita at the global level, and 1.4 toe per capita in the Asian region. Electricity consumption per capita was 814 kWh in 2015, vs a global average of 2 870 kWh per capita and 2 260 kWh in Asia.

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India energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production has remained near-stable since 2010 (around 41 Mt in 2016).

Given the rapid growth in oil demand, net oil imports are increasing rapidly and in 2015 India became the world's third largest importer of crude with imports of 216 Mt, compared to 74 Mt in 2000. Imports represent...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has increased rapidly since 2000 (4.1%/year) to reach 206 Mt in 2016.

Of the total oil products, 39% are consumed in transport, 29% in the industrial sector, and 21% in the residential, services and agriculture sector. The remainder is consumed in power plants (6%) and for...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption soared over 2009-2011 to reach64 bcm, and then dropped to 50 bcm in 2014 and 2015 due to supply problems; the declining domestic production was not sufficient to cover the country's needs, and imports were limited due to a lack of infrastructure. Gas consumption increased in 2016...

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption increased very rapidly (6.1%/year) between 2000 and 2013, but this growth has slowed down since 2014 (1.7%/year). Coal is mainly used for the production of electricity (79%) and in industry (18%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

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 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has increased sharply at an average of 7.3% year since 2005 to reach 1 065 TWh in 2016.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Compared to other...

Renewable in % electricity production

IREDA, the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency, has since 1987 been in charge of financing the development of renewables.

As part of the 12th Plan, India planned to double its renewable capacity (excluding large hydro) to 60 GW by March...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In its 2016 first NDC, India aims to reduce its emission intensity of GDP by 33-35% by 2030 relative to 2005. It also aims for 40% of the total electricity capacity to be based on non-fossil fuel sources.

CO2 emissions from the use of energy have more than quadrupled since 1990...

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