2019 India Key Figures
Population: 1370 million
GDP growth rate: 6.12 %/year
Energy independence: 62.8%
Total consumption/GDP:* 69.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.63 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 18.3%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita remains around 0.7 toe (2019), two times lower than the Asian average. Electricity consumption per capita was around 900 kWh in 2019, compared with an Asian average of around 2 550 kWh.

Total energy consumption had been increasing rapidly (+3.3%/year over 2010-2018), but its progression stopped in 2019 (+0.2%) remaining around 908 Mtoe. It is mostly ...

India energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production has decreased slightly since 2011 (-1.5%/year) to 38 Mt in 2019.

Given the rapid growth in oil demand, net oil imports are increasing rapidly, and India is now the world's third largest importer of crude with imports of 225 Mt (2019), compared to 164 Mt in 2010 (+37%). Crude oil imports represent around 83% of the country's oil needs in 2019 (steady since 2010). India, ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has increased rapidly since 2010 (4.6%/year) to reach 223 Mt in 2019.

Of this total consumption, 43% is used in transport, 28% in industry, and 20% in the residential, services and agriculture sector. The remainder is consumed in power plants (4%) and in the coal and hydrocarbon sector ("others", 5%).


Graph: OIL ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption soared over 2009-2011 to reach 64 bcm, and then dropped to 50 bcm in 2014 and 2015 due to supply problems. Gas consumption has since increased to 69 bcm in 2019 (+6.8%/year since 2015), as the country imported more LNG.

Industry is the main consumer of gas with 66% (mainly fertiliser plants). It is followed by electricity production (23%) and, to a much lesser extent, ...

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption increased very rapidly between 2000 and 2013 (6.1%/year). After slower growth over 2014-2016, consumption rebounded in 2017 and 2018, but fell by 3% in 2019 to 948 Mt, the most important decline ever recorded.

Power generation and industry are the main consumers of coal and lignite, with 74% and 22%, respectively (3% only for households and ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption had increased sharply at an average of 6.7%/year over 2010-2018, but in 2019 the consumption remained stable at around 1230 TWh.


Industry, the largest consuming sector, accounts for 40% of the total electricity consumption (2019). Households consume 25% and services 16%. The share of agriculture is quite high ...

Renewable in % electricity production

IREDA, the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency, financed the development of renewables.

India has the most ambitious renewable capacity target in the world: 227 GW to be installed by 2022 and 275 GW by 2027 (excluding large hydro, considered as renewable energy only since FY2019). In 2019, the government announced that it aims to further develop renewables to reach 450 ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In its NDC, India aims to reduce its CO2 emission intensity of GDP by 33-35% by 2030 relative to 2005. It also aims for 40% of the total electricity capacity to be based on non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.

In 2019, the government announced a 100% railways electrification target by 2030 as part of its strategy to reduce its CO2 emissions.

CO2 emissions from the use of energy have ...

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