India

2017 India Key Figures
Population: 1317 million
GDP growth rate: 6.68 %/year
Energy independence: 63.2%
Total consumption/GDP:* 73.9 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.67 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 18.9%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita remains very low: 0.7 toe in 2017, compared to 1.9 toe per capita at the global level, and 1.4 toe per capita in the Asian region. Electricity consumption per capita was around 900 kWh in 2017, compared with an Asian average of around 2 400 kWh.

Total energy consumption has been increasing rapidly, by around 5%/year since 2005.

Coal is the ...

India energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production has remained near-stable since 2010 (around 40 Mt in 2017).

Given the rapid growth in oil demand, net oil imports are increasing rapidly, and India is now the world's third largest importer of crude with imports of 227 Mt (2017), compared to 74 Mt in 2000. Oil imports represent around 85% of the country's oil needs. India, however, is a net oil products exporter (about ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Refined oil product consumption has increased rapidly since 2000 (4%/year) to reach 212 Mt in 2017 -and an estimated 227 Mt for 2018-.

Of the total oil products, 41% are consumed in transport, 30% in the industrial sector, and 19% in the residential, services and agriculture sector. The remainder is consumed in power plants (4%) and for other energy uses (6%).

Graph: OIL ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption soared over 2009-2011 to reach 64 bcm, and then dropped to 50 bcm in 2014 and 2015 due to supply problems. Gas consumption has since increased 11% to 56 bcm in 2017 and to an expected 58 bcm in 2018, as global LNG prices fell and the country imported more LNG.

Industry is the main consumer of gas with 59% (mainly fertiliser plants). It is followed by electricity ...

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption reached 946 Mt in 2017. It increased very rapidly between 2000 and 2013 (6.1%/year), but has slowed down since 2014 (1.7%/year). Coal and lignite are mainly used for power generation (73%) followed by industry (23%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has increased sharply at an average of 7.6% year since 2005 to reach 1 175 TWh in 2017.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Compared to other countries, the share of agriculture in electricity consumption is high (nearly 20% of electricity consumption), as many citizens still depend on agriculture for a living and because of heavily subsidised ...

Renewable in % electricity production

IREDA, the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency, has since 1987 overseen financing the development of renewables.

India has the most ambitious renewable capacity target in the world: 227 GW to be installed by 2022 (excl. large hydro). In total, 40 GW of rooftop projects, 40 GW of utility-scale solar plants, and 20 GW of ultra-mega solar parks are expected. In its ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In its NDC, India aims to reduce its CO2 emission intensity of GDP by 33-35% by 2030 relative to 2005. It also aims for 40% of the total electricity capacity to be based on non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.

CO2 emissions from the use of energy have more than quadrupled since 1990 and have increased rapidly since 2010. In 2018, they reached 2 437 MtCO2 (+39% compared to ...

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