2018 India Key Figures
Population: 1355 million
GDP growth rate: 7.05 %/year
Energy independence: 63.2%
Total consumption/GDP:* 75.7 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.68 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 18.7%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita remains very low: 0.7 toe in 2018, compared to 1.9 toe per capita at the global level, and 1.4 toe per capita in the Asian region. Electricity consumption per capita was around 920 kWh in 2018, compared with an Asian average of around 2 550 kWh.

Total energy consumption has been increasing rapidly, by 4.7%/year since 2005.

Coal is the ...

India energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production has remained near stable since 2010 (around 39 Mt in 2018).

Given the rapid growth in oil demand, net oil imports are increasing rapidly, and India is now the world's third largest importer of crude with imports of 227 Mt (2018), compared to 74 Mt in 2000. Crude oil imports represent around 85% of the country's oil needs. India, however, is a net oil products exporter ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has increased rapidly since 2000 (4%/year) to reach 218 Mt in 2018.

Of this total consumption, 42% is used in transport, 29% in the industrial sector, and 19% in the residential, services and agriculture sector. The remainder is consumed in power plants (4%) and in the coal and hydrocarbon sector ("others", 6%).


Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption soared over 2009-2011 to reach 64 bcm, and then dropped to 50 bcm in 2014 and 2015 due to supply problems. Gas consumption has since increased by 16% to 58 bcm in 2018, as the country imported more LNG.

Industry is the main consumer of gas with 58% (mainly fertiliser plants). It is followed by electricity production (31%). Transport accounted for 4% of gas consumption ...

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption increased very rapidly between 2000 and 2013 (6.1%/year). After a slow down over 2014-2017 (1.7%/year), it rebounded to 982 Mt in 2018.

Industry and power generation are the main consumers of coal and lignite, with 73% and 23%, respectively.



 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has increased sharply at an average of 7.5% year since 2005 to reach about 1 245 TWh in 2018.


Industry, the largest consuming sector, accounts for 39% of the total electricity consumption (2018). Households consume 25% and services 18%. The share of agriculture is quite high compared to other countries (nearly ...

Renewable in % electricity production

IREDA, the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency, financed the development of renewables.

India has the most ambitious renewable capacity target in the world: 227 GW to be installed by 2022 and 275 GW by 2027 (excluding large hydro). In June 2019, the government announced that it aims to further develop renewables to reach 500 GW of renewables by 2030.

The ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In its NDC, India aims to reduce its CO2 emission intensity of GDP by 33-35% by 2030 relative to 2005. It also aims for 40% of the total electricity capacity to be based on non-fossil fuel sources by 2030.

In August 2019, the government announced a 100% railways electrification target by 2030 as part of its strategy to reduce its CO2 emissions.

CO2 emissions from the use of ...

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