Indonesia

2019 Indonesia Key Figures
Population: 270 million
GDP growth rate: 5.03 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 71.1 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 2.13 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.55%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita is 1 toe, while electricity consumption per capita reaches 890 kWh (2019).

Total energy consumption has increased by 3%/year since 2010. Oil is the country's dominant source of energy, providing 29% of the total (2019), but its market share is decreasing (35% in 2012). Biomass and coal come second with 23% both, while gas accounts for 15%, and geothermal ...

Indonesia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

After decreasing by 44% between 2000 and 2015 from 70 Mt to 40 Mt, oil production has remained relatively stable since 2015 (39 Mt in 2019). The decline in oil production is due to the depletion of the main fields and the lack of investments. Indonesia became a net importer of crude oil in 2006. Net imports reached 39 Mt in 2019 (of which 14 Mt for crude oil).

The refining capacity ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has rebounded since 2015, catching up with its growth between 2009 and 2012; it reached 80 Mt in 2019.

Transport absorbs 63% of that consumption; the remainder goes to the hydrocarbon sector, the residential, services and agriculture sector (13%), industry (15%), electricity production (6%), and other uses (3%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption has remained roughly stable since 2010 (40 bcm in 2019).

The hydrocarbons sector, in particular the oil and gas extraction and the liquefaction plants, absorbs a large fraction of the consumption (18%); the weight of industry is 48%, while power plants account for 34%.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY ...

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Consumption of coal and lignite is rising very rapidly (+11%/year since 2010). It reached 133 Mt in 2019 (of which 95% was lignite).

The electricity sector accounts for around 73% of coal and lignite consumption and the remainder goes to industry.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption is increasing very rapidly (+5.5%/year since 2010) and reached 240 TWh in 2019.

The industry sector accounted for 33% of the consumption in 2019, households for 41% and services for 25%. The weight of industry is decreasing (35% in 2010), while the share of households is progressing (39% in 2010).

Almost all households are electrified (99% in 2019, up ...

Renewable in % electricity production

EBTKE, the Directorate General (DG) for New Energy, Renewable and Energy Conservation, focuses on renewables in power generation, whereas the DG of Electricity sets the FiT and the ceiling price for power from renewable sources.

The national energy policy revision (Regulation No. 79/2014) sets a target of 23% of renewables in the total primary energy supply by 2025 (excluding ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In its NDC, Indonesia has committed to reducing GHG emissions by 29% by 2030 (conditional target of 41% if global agreements are reached such as bilateral co-operations, technology development and transfer, financial help, etc.).

The Climate Change National Coordination Team (CCNCT) was established under BAPPENAS. CCNCT's responsibilities include developing and implementing national ...

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