Indonesia

2017 Indonesia Key Figures
Population: 264 million
GDP growth rate: 5.07 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 70.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.83 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.67%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita is 0.91 toe, while electricity consumption per capita reaches around 860 kWh (2017).

Total energy consumption has increased by 2.6%/year since 2000. Oil is the country's dominant source of energy, providing 31% of the total (2017). Biomass comes second with 23%, while coal accounts for 19%, gas for 17% and primary electricity (geothermal and hydro) ...

Indonesia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production decreased between 200 and 2017 by 47% from 70 Mt to 37 Mt; it increased by 8% in 2017 to 40 Mt (including NGL). Production levels have been falling since the production peak in the early 1990s (80 Mt). The decline in oil production is due to the depletion of the main fields and the deficit of investments between 1998 and 2005. Indonesia became a net importer of crude oil in ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The growth of oil product consumption accelerated between 2009 (3.9%/year) and 2012; it declined subsequently and then later increased again to reach 68 MT in 2017 (in line with 2012 levels). Transport absorbs 62% of that consumption; the remainder goes to the residential and tertiary sector (14%), industry (15%), electricity production (6%) and other uses (3%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption has increased by 3.6%/year since 2008 to 45 bcm in 2017.

The hydrocarbons sector, in particular the oil and gas extraction and the liquefaction plants, absorbs a large fraction of the consumption (21%); the weight of industry is 46%, while power plants account for 33%.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY ...

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Domestic consumption of coal and mainly lignite is rising rapidly (+12%/year since 2011). It reached 100 Mt in 2017, 7.1% higher than in 2016.

The electricity sector accounts for around 85% of coal consumption and the remainder goes to industry.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption is increasing very rapidly (+6.5%/year since 2010). The industry sector accounted for 32% of the consumption in 2016, with households 42% and the tertiary sector 25%. The weight of industry is decreasing (51% in 1990).

The country's electrification rate is growing rapidly, from just 28% of households in 1990 to 95% in 2017. However, four provinces ...

Renewable in % electricity production

EBTKE, the Directorate General (DG) for New Energy, Renewable and Energy Conservation, focuses on renewables in power generation, whereas the DG of Electricity sets the FiT and the ceiling price for power from renewable sources.

The national energy policy revision (Regulation No. 79/2014) sets a target of 23% of the total primary energy supply for renewables (excluding traditional ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In its First NDC, Indonesia has committed to reducing GHG emissions by 26% compared to BaU levels by 2020 and by 29% by 2030. The document also mentions a conditional target of a 41% reduction by 2030 if global agreements are reached (e.g. bilateral co-operations, technology development and transfer, financial help, etc.).

The Climate Change National Coordination Team (CCNCT) was ...

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