Indonesia

2018 Indonesia Key Figures
Population: 267 million
GDP growth rate: 5.17 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 69.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 1.96 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.99%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita is 0.94 toe, while electricity consumption per capita reaches around 880 kWh (2018).

Total energy consumption has increased by 2.4%/year since 2010. Oil is the country's dominant source of energy, providing 31% of the total (2018), but its market share is decreasing (35% in 2012). Biomass comes second with 23%, while coal accounts for 20%, gas for 16%, ...

Indonesia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

After decreasing by 44% between 2000 and 2015 from 70 Mt to 40 Mt, oil production has remained relatively stable since 2015 (39 Mt in 2018). The decline in oil production is due to the depletion of the main fields and the lack of investments between 1998 and 2005. Indonesia became a net importer of crude oil in 2006. Net imports reached 36 Mt in 2018 (of which 14 Mt for crude ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has rebounded since 2015, catching up with its growth between 2009 and 2012; it reached 76 Mt in 2018 (in line with 2012 levels).

Transport absorbs 62% of that consumption; the remainder goes to the hydrocarbon sector, the residential, services and agriculture sector (14%), industry (17%), electricity production (4%), and other uses (3%).

Graph: OIL ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption has remained roughly stable since 2010 (42.9 bcm in 2018).

The hydrocarbons sector, in particular the oil and gas extraction and the liquefaction plants, absorbs a large fraction of the consumption (28%); the weight of industry is 39%, while power plants account for 33%.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY ...

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Consumption of coal and lignite is rising very rapidly (+10%/year since 2010). It reached 109 Mt in 2018 (of which 96% was lignite).

The electricity sector accounts for around 84% of coal and lignite consumption and the remainder goes to industry.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption is increasing very rapidly (+6%/year since 2010).

The industry sector accounted for 33% of the consumption in 2018, households for 41% and services for 25%. The weight of industry is decreasing (35% in 2010), while the share of households is progressing (39% in 2010).

The country's electrification rate is growing rapidly, from just 28% of ...

Renewable in % electricity production

EBTKE, the Directorate General (DG) for New Energy, Renewable and Energy Conservation, focuses on renewables in power generation, whereas the DG of Electricity sets the FiT and the ceiling price for power from renewable sources.

The national energy policy revision (Regulation No. 79/2014) sets a target of 23% of renewables in the total primary energy supply by 2025 (excluding ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In its NDC, Indonesia has committed to reducing GHG emissions by 26% compared to BaU levels by 2020 and by 29% by 2030. The document also mentions a conditional target of a 41% reduction by 2030 if global agreements are reached (e.g. bilateral co-operations, technology development and transfer, financial help, etc.).

The Climate Change National Coordination Team (CCNCT) was ...

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