Iran

2018 Iran Key Figures
Population: 82.1 million
GDP growth rate: -3.9 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 111 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.68 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.1%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Per capita energy consumption stands at 3.2 toe (similar to that in the Middle East or the EU average), including about 3200 kWh in 2018.

Since 2007 energy consumption growth has almost halved, dropping from 6.4%/year between 2000 and 2007 to 2.8%/year between 2007 and 2018, due to the slowdown in economic growth and oil price adjustments.

Natural gas became the most used fuel ...

Iran energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production (crude oil and NGL) increased rapidly after the lifting of international sanctions in 2016 (+43% from 2015 to 2017) and reached a peak in 2017 with 229 Mt, above its 2003-2010 average (217 Mt). In 2018, however, production decreased to 214 Mt (-7%), due to the new US sanctions. During the first three months of 2019, the output has been stable at 2.7 mb/d. The country was ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption decreased by 5.3%/year between 2013 and 2016 due to the increase in motor fuel prices and low economic growth. In 2017, it increased by 0.8% to nearly 78 Mt, but then decreased by 3%. These variations are the consequences of the lifting (2017) and reimplementation (2018) of sanctions.

Transport is the main consuming sector with a growing share over the last years ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption is skyrocketing, growing 3.5-fold between 2000 and 2018 (around 7%/year on average). It reached 219 bcm in 2018 (62 bcm in 2000).

The power sector is the largest gas consumer with 31% in 2018, closely followed by buildings (i.e. residential-services sector) and industry (29% and 25%, respectively, in 2018). The share of the power sector has been declining (37% in ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption is low and has fluctuated around 2 Mt since 2000. It is mainly consumed by industry (71%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption is increasing very quickly (around 6%/year, on average, since 2000) and reached 261 TWh in 2018. Most of the population is electrified (99.5%).

Industry represents 34% of electricity consumption, the residential sector 31%, and services 19%. The remainder (16%) is consumed in the oil and gas sector.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ...

Renewable in % electricity production

Before its integration into SATBA, SUNA (Iran Renewable Energy Organization)was the regulatory authority overseeing renewable policy development and renewable project licensing, and securing power purchase agreements with renewable power producers.

In the 6th Plan, the country aims to reach 4.5 GW of wind and 0.5 GW of solar capacities by 2021, with an additional 2.5 GW by 2030. The ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Through its 2015 Intended Nationally-Determined Contribution (INDC) to fight climate change, Iran committed to reducing its GHG emissions by 4% (unconditional pledge) and up to 12% (conditional on international financial and technical assistance) by 2030 compared to the level defined in its BAU scenario. The Iranian parliament signed the Paris Agreement in 2016, but has yet to ratify the ...

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