Iran

2019 Iran Key Figures
Population: 83.0 million
GDP growth rate: -7.6 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 122 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.68 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 11.5%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Per capita energy consumption stands at 3.1 toe (similar to that in the Middle East or the EU average), including about 3 100 kWh in 2019.

Energy consumption has been growing by 3.5%/year between 2010 and 2018 and dropped by 5% in 2019 to 258 Mtoe, due to recession caused by low oil prices and economic sanctions.

Natural gas accounts for almost 75% of total energy consumption ...

Iran energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Because of the new US sanctions, oil production fell by 40% since 2017 to 137 Mt in 2019 (of which 34% in 2019). 25% between 2010 and 2015 down to 161 Mt, because of international sanctions. It increased by 44% from 2015 to 2017 after the lifting of international sanctions in 2016 and reached a peak at 231 Mt, above its 2003-2010 average (around 215 Mt). Iran produces low density crude oil, ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption decreased by 5.2%/year between 2013 and 2016 due to the increase in motor fuel prices and low economic growth. After two years of growth, consumption dropped again to reach 70 Mt in 2019. These variations are the consequences of the lifting (2017) and reimplementation (2018) of sanctions.

Transport is the main consuming sector with a growing share over the last years ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption is skyrocketing, growing 3.6-fold between 2000 and 2019 (+7%/year on average). It reached 226 bcm in 2019 (62 bcm in 2000).

The building sector (i.e. residential-services sector) is the largest gas consumer with 30% in 2019, closely followed by the power sector and industry (29% each). The share of the power sector has been declining (37% in 2000), despite an almost ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption is low, despite a 6.6%/year increase over the 2012-2019 period. It has increased to over 2.5 Mt in 2019 with most consumption being concentrated in the industry (72%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been roughly stable since 2017 and has been increasing by 4.5%/year between 2010 and 2017 (4.5%/year); it reached 258 TWh in 2019. Most of the population is electrified (99.5%).

Industry represents 32% of electricity consumption, the residential sector 33%, and services 19%. The remainder (16%) is consumed in the oil and gas sector.

Graph: ELECTRICITY ...

Renewable in % electricity production

Before its integration into SATBA, SUNA (Iran Renewable Energy Organization)was the regulatory authority overseeing renewable policy development and renewable project licensing and securing power purchase agreements (PPAs) with renewable power producers.

In the 6th Plan, the country aims to reach 4.5 GW of wind and 0.5 GW of solar capacities by 2021, with an additional 2.5 GW by 2030. ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Through its 2015 Intended Nationally-Determined Contribution (INDC) to fight climate change, Iran committed to reducing its GHG emissions by 4% (unconditional pledge) and up to 12% (conditional on international financial and technical assistance) by 2030 compared to the level defined in its BAU scenario. The Iranian parliament signed the Paris Agreement in 2016, but has yet to ratify the ...

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