Ireland

2018 Ireland Key Figures
Population: 4.86 million
GDP growth rate: 8.30 %/year
Energy independence: 36.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 57.1 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.20 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.43%
* at purchasing power parity
Ireland Related News
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Ireland Related Research

Total Energy consumption

In 2018, consumption per capita was 2.8 toe (down from 3.2 toe in 2010) and 10% below the EU average. Per capita electricity consumption was 5 600 kWh in 2018, in line with the EU average.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption rose by 4.4%/year between 2014 and 2016, thanks to the economic recovery and colder weather, and remained ...

Ireland energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

There is currently no oil production. Providence Resources was the first company to report commercially viable oil flow from its Barryroe well in 2012.

Ireland imports all its crude oil and about two thirds of its refined product needs. Ireland's oil dependency is among the highest in the EU.

Ireland has just one oil refinery, the Whitegate refinery located in Cork, with a ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products has increased slightly since 2013 to around 6 Mt in 2018. It decreased at the rapid pace of 6%/year between 2006 and 2013. The reduction in oil consumption largely took place in transport (61% of oil demand in 2018), and in the residential-tertiary sector (24%), since they both suffered from the economic recession and the oil price rise over that period. ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption rebounded in 2015 and rose to 5.4 bcm in 2018. It decreased sharply between 2010 (its peak level, 5.5 bcm) and 2014, falling 5.5%/year as a result of a reduction in power generation from gas (-10%/year).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

The electricity sector is the main gas consumer with a share of 55% in 2018, ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

The consumption of coal dropped from 6 Mt in 2016 to 4.1 Mt in 2018 (-17%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The electricity sector absorbs 70% of coal and peat consumption, followed by the residential-tertiary sector with 19%.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased by 2.2%/year over 2014-2018, after a 2.3%/year decrease between 2008 and 2012, driven by the economic crisis.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Industry is the largest electricity consumer with 39%, followed by households (30%) and services (27%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

Renewable in % electricity production

SEAI is also the agency in charge of the implementation of the renewable energy policy.

According to the EU Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 16% in 2020 (11% in 2018), of which 40% for electricity (33% in 2018), 12% for heat (6.5% in 2018), and 10% in transport (7% in 2018). According to the climate ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

GHG emissions in 2017 were 10% above their 1990 level at 60.7 MtCO2. These emissions fell by 15%, from their 2005 peak level of 69.6 MtCO2 to 58.5 MtCO2 in 2012, because of the economic crisis and have been increasing since then.

In June 2019, the government presented its climate action plan that aims at reaching net zero emissions by 2050. As a member of the EU, Ireland targets a 20% ...

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