Ireland

2016 Ireland Key Figures
Population: 4.77 million
GDP growth rate: 5.21 %/year
Energy independence: 30.4%
Total consumption/GDP:* 64.5 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.66 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.62%
* at purchasing power parity
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Ireland Related Research

Total Energy consumption

In 2016, consumption per capita was 2.9 toe (down from 3.2 toe in 2010 and 3.6 toe in 2000): it is 7% below the EU average.

The per capita electricity consumption reached around 5 400 kWh (6 100 kWh in 2006), which is in line with the EU average.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption decreased by more than 2%/year between 2007 ...

Ireland energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Ireland imports all its crude oil and about two thirds of its refined product needs. Ireland' oil dependency is among the highest in the EU.

Ireland has just one refinery, the Whitegate refinery located in Cork, with a capacity of 75 000 bbl/d. It processes crude, mainly sourced from the North Sea, North Africa and West Africa.

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products decreased at the rapid pace of 7%/year between 2006 and 2012, when it remained stable around 6.5 Mt until 2016. The drop in oil consumption largely took place in transport (60% of the consumption in 2016), and in the residential-tertiary sector (23%), since they both suffered from the deep recession and the oil price rise over that period. Industry represents ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption decreased sharply between 2010 (its peak level, 5.5 bcm) and 2014 (-5.5%/year), pulled by a reduction in power generation from gas (-10%/year). It rebounded in 2015 and 2016 to 4.8 bcm (+1.2%/year).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

The electricity sector is the main gas consumer with a share of 56%, which nevertheless is far lower than its 2010 ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Since 2004, consumption has fluctuated around 6 Mt.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The electricity sector absorbs 78% of coal and peat consumption, followed by the residential-tertiary sector (14%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2016, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption decreased between 2008 and 2012 (-2.4%/year, on average, of which -10%/year for services), driven by the economic crisis. Electricity consumption stabilised for two years and grew again in 2015 by 3.7%, driven by the industry that was responsible for half of the growth. It increased slightly, by 1%, in 2016 to 25.6 TWh.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ...

Renewable in % electricity production

SEAI is also the agency in charge of the implementation of the renewable energy policy. According to the EU Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 20% in 2020, (9.5% in 2016), of which 40% in final electricity consumption, 12% in final heat consumption and 10% in transport. The target is to cover 40% of the ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

GHG emissions in 2012 were 6% above their 1990 level, i.e. well below the Kyoto commitment (+ 13% compared to 1990). This result was mainly reached because the economic crisis has caused Ireland's emissions to fall by 15%, from their 2005 peak level of 69.6 MtCO2 to 58.5 MtCO2 in 2012. In 2016, GHG emissions were 7.2% above their 1990 level.

Energy-related emissions account for ...

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