2017 Italy Key Figures
Population: 60.7 million
GDP growth rate: 1.51 %/year
Energy independence: 22.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 84.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.33 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.01%
* at purchasing power parity
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Italy Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Italy's per capita energy consumption is 20% lower than the EU average (2.5 toe in 2017). Electricity consumption per capita is nearly 5 000 kWh, i.e. 12% below the EU average.

Total energy consumption declined by an average of 2.6%/year between 2005 and 2014. It rose by 4% in 2015 and has remained stable at 153 Mtoe through 2017 (+0.3% in 2017).


Italy energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Domestic oil and LNG production (5.9 Mt in 2017) covers around 8% of the country's needs. Crude oil imports rose from 67 Mt in 2016 to 70 Mt in 2017. Five suppliers account for over 60% of crude oil supply, namely Azerbaijan (18% in 2017), Iran (14%), Iraq (13%), Russia (10%) and Saudi Arabia (9%).

Italy has a refining capacity of around 2 mb/d (2017). Since 2011, five ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption fell by 38% between 2000 and 2013 and has remained broadly stable at around 54 Mt since then. Oil consumption declined by 1.6% to 53 Mt in 2017.


The transport sector absorbed 60% of total oil products consumption in 2017, followed by industry and non-energy uses (19%). Power plants accounted for just 7% of oil consumption in ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption has been increasing rapidly since 2015: +9.1% in 2015 due to cold weather, +5% in 2016 and +6% in 2017 due to higher demand from the power sector (low hydro availability). Previously, gas consumption fell by 5.1%/year between 2008 and 2014 due to the combined effect of the economic crisis, milder winters and lower gas-fired electricity production.

Graph: ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption has been declining since 2012 by 10%/year. In 2017 alone, coal demand fell by 15% to less than 15 Mt.

Coal consumption rose rapidly between 1993 and 2004 to supply coal-fired power plants (above 4%/year).

Power generation accounts for more than 80% of coal consumption (84% in 2017).



 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been recovering since 2014 (+1.1%/year) and reached 301 TWh in 2017. It rose by 2.2%/year between 2000 and 2008, and fell by 1.5%/year on average through 2014 (291 TWh).


The industrial sector is the main consumer of electricity (38%), while services account for 31% and households for 22% (2017). The weight ...

Renewable in % electricity production

Italy will meet its 2020 renewable targets (17%), as the share of renewables in final energy consumption in 2016 was already 17.4% (34% in power consumption against a target of 38%) and 19% in heating consumption (20% target).

Under the 2017 National Energy Strategy, Italy aims to raise the share of renewable energies in final energy consumption to 28% by 2030 (55% of electricity ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

GHG emissions have been decreasing since 2004: in 2016, they were 16% below their 1990 level (438 Mt). The SEN 2017 aims to cut energy-related CO2 emissions by 39% by 2030 and by 63% by 2050 (147 MtCO2 in 2050), compared to a reference scenario. Energy-related CO2 emissions dropped by nearly 30% between 2005 and 2017.


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