Italy

2015 Italy Key Figures
Population: 61.3 million
GDP growth rate: 0.76 %/year
Energy independence: 23.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 85.7 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.39 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.71%
* at purchasing power parity
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Italy Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Italy's per capita energy consumption is 20% lower than the EU average (2.5 toe). Electricity consumption per capita is 4 800 kWh, i.e. 14% below the EU average.

Total energy consumption declined by an average of 2.5%/year between 2005 and 2014. It rose by 3.9% in 2015 to 152 Mtoe.

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Italy energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Domestic oil production (5.1 Mt in 2015) covers about 8% of the country's needs (2015). Crude oil imports soared by 13% in 2015. Five suppliers account for 2/3 of crude oil supply, namely Iraq and Azerbaijan (18% each in 2015), Russia (13%), Saudi Arabia (9%) and Kazakhstan (8%).

Italy...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption fell by 41% between 2000 and 2014. In 2015, it increased by 3.7%, to 53 Mt (higher demand for non-energy uses, i.e. petrochemical plants).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

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EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption fell by 27% between 2008 and 2014, of which 12% in 2014, to less than 62 bcm (combined effect of the economic crisis, milder winters and a lower gas-fired electricity production). However, colder weather in 2015 boosted gas demand from the residential sector and power...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption evolved erratically since 2009, catching up with its pre-crisis level of 25 Mt in 2012 and falling again since then by 18% to 20 Mt in 2015. Coal consumption rose rapidly between 1993 and 2004 to supply coal-fired power plants (above 4%/year).

The power generation sector...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption, which had been declining since 2011, increased by 1.9% in 2015 to 294 TWh. Electricity consumption soared between 1996 and 2008 (+2.2%/year).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

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Renewable in % electricity production

The 2013 New Energy Strategy set a target of a 20% share of renewables in final energy consumption in 2020 (38% for electricity, 20% for heating and 10% in transport). This target is likely to be reached for electricity and heating (33% and 19%, respectively, in 2014; it is above the target of...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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