2018 Italy Key Figures
Population: 60.5 million
GDP growth rate: 0.86 %/year
Energy independence: 23.8%
Total consumption/GDP:* 83.6 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.42 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.94%
* at purchasing power parity
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Italy Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Italy's per capita energy consumption is 18% lower than the EU average (2.6 toe in 2018). Electricity consumption per capita is around 5 000 kWh, i.e. 11% below the EU average.

Total energy consumption increased slightly between 2014 and 2018 (+1.3%/year), when it reached 154 Mtoe. It declined rapidly between 2005 and 2014 (by 2.6%/year).


Italy energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Domestic oil and NGL production (4.6 Mt in 2018) cover around 6% of the country's needs. Crude oil imports declined to 65 Mt in 2018. Six suppliers accounted for 3/4 of crude oil supply, namely Azerbaijan (19% in 2018), Iraq (14%), Saudi Arabia (12%), Libya (10%), Iran (10%), and Russia (9%).

Italy has a refining capacity of around 2 mb/d (2018) that produced 72 Mt of oil ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption remained relatively stable at around 52 Mt between 2014 and 2017 and increased by 4.2% in 2018. It fell by 38% between 2000 and 2013.


The transport sector absorbs a growing share of total oil products consumption (59% in 2018, up from 45% in 2000). It is followed by industry and non-energy uses (17%). Power plants accounted for ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption, which increased rapidly between 2014 and 2017 (+6.7%/year) due to a steady demand from the power sector (low hydro availability), dipped by 3.3% in 2018 to 73 bcm due to a decrease in gas-fired generation (-7.5%) and a milder winter (constant consumption at normal climate).

Previously, gas consumption fell by 5.1%/year between 2008 and 2014 due to the combined ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption has been decreasing very rapidly since 2012 by 9.4%/year (-11% in 2018) to less than 14 Mt in 2018, because of the closure of coal fired power plants. It rose rapidly between 1993 and 2004 to supply coal-fired power plants (above 4%/year).

Power generation accounts for around 80% of coal consumption (81% in 2018) and industry consumes most of the remainder ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been recovering slightly since 2014 (+1.1%/year but only +0.6% in 2018) and reached 304 TWh in 2018. It rose by 1.7%/year between 2000 and 2008 and fell by 1.5%/year on average through 2014 (291 TWh). According to preliminary statistics, electricity demand slightly decreased in 2019 (-0.6%).


The industrial ...

Renewable in % electricity production

Italy will meet its 2020 renewable targets (17%), as the share of renewables in final energy consumption in 2017 was already 18.3% (34% for power against a target of 26% in 2020) and 20% for heating & cooling (target of 17%). The draft National Integrated Plan for Climate and Energy 2030 targets 50 GW of solar PV in 2030 (+30 GW) and a share of 30% of renewables in final energy ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

GHG emissions have been decreasing since 2005: in 2017, they were 16% below their 1990 level (439 Mt).

The draft National Integrated Plan for Climate and Energy 2030 aims at cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for all ETS sectors by 43% and for all non-ETS sectors by 33% by 2030 (compared to 2005).

Energy-related CO2 emissions dropped by nearly 30% between 2005 and 2018 (to ...

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