2019 Italy Key Figures
Population: 60.4 million
GDP growth rate: 0.30 %/year
Energy independence: 22.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 80.5 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.26 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.65%
* at purchasing power parity
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Italy Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Italy's per capita energy consumption is 19% lower than the EU average (2.5 toe in 2019). Electricity consumption per capita is around 5 000 kWh, i.e. 10% below the EU average.

Total energy consumption has remained broadly stable since 2015, at around 150 Mtoe (-1.1% in 2019 to 149 Mtoe). It declined rapidly between 2005 and 2014 (by 2.6%/year).


Italy energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Domestic oil and NGL production (4.6 Mt in 2019) cover around 6% of the country's needs. Crude oil imports remained stable at 66 Mt in 2019. Six suppliers accounted for over 70% of crude oil supply, namely Iraq (20% in 2019), Azerbaijan (17%), Russia (14%), Libya (12%), and Saudi Arabia (8%).

Italy has a refining capacity of around 2 mb/d (2019) that produced 71 Mt of oil ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has remained relatively stable at around 53 Mt since 2013. It fell by 39% between 2000 and 2013.


The transport sector absorbs a growing share of total oil products consumption (60% in 2018, up from 44% in 2000). It is followed by industry and non-energy uses (16%). Power plants accounted for just 8% of oil consumption in 2019, ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption has been increasing since 2008 (5%/year from 2008 and 2014 and 2.3% in 2019 to 74 bcm), following demand from the power sector.


Power plants accounted for 42% of the gas demand in 2019 (32% in 2000 but 45% in 2008), households and services for 38% (including 26% for households and 12% for services) and industry ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption has more than halved since 2012 (-55%, including -25% in 2019 alone) to 11 Mt in 2019, because of the closure of coal fired power plants. It rose rapidly between 1993 and 2004 to supply coal-fired power plants (above 4%/year).

Power generation accounts for around 70% of coal consumption (71% in 2019) and industry consumes most of the remainder (29%).

Graph: COAL ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption decreased slightly in 2019 (-0.8%) to 301 TWh. It rose by 1.7%/year between 2000 and 2008 and fell by 1.5%/year on average through 2014 (291 TWh), before recovering slightly (+1%/year between 2014 and 2018).


The industrial sector is the main consumer of electricity (38%), while services account for 31% and ...

Renewable in % electricity production

Italy will meet its 2020 renewable targets (17%), as the share of renewables in final energy consumption in 2018 was already 17.8% (34% for power, i.e. 8 points over the target) and 19% for heating and cooling (target of 17%). The INECP 2030 targets a share of 30% of renewables in final energy consumption, including 22% in transport and 33% in heat consumption). It plans 50 GW of solar PV ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

GHG emissions have been decreasing since 2005; in 2018, they were 16% below their 1990 level (439 Mt).

The NECP 2030 aims at cutting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for all ETS sectors by 43% and for all non-ETS sectors by 33% by 2030 (compared to 2005).

Energy-related CO2 emissions dropped by 31% between 2005 and 2019 (to 318 MtCO2).


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