2019 Japan Key Figures
Population: 126 million
GDP growth rate: 0.89 %/year
Energy independence: 13.8%
Total consumption/GDP:* 72.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.26 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.72%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita decreased from 4.1 toe in 2000 to 3.3 toe in 2019 (close to the EU level). Electricity consumption per capita was around 7600 kWh in 2018 (almost 35% above the EU level).

Total energy consumption has been decreasing since 2010 (by 2%/year on average) to 421 Mtoe in 2019.


The share of oil ...

Japan energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

After the United States, China and India, Japan is the world's fourth largest oil importer. Crude oil imports have been decreasing by 2%/year since 2000. Slower economic growth coupled with structural trends in the transport sector (shift to electric cars and reduced car use among young generations) and the gradual phaseout of oil-fired power plants are reducing the oil ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has been generally decreasing steadily since 1996, except between 2010 and 2012 when it increased, with the oil demand from power plants increasing by 80% to compensate for the closure of nuclear plants. It declined by 3.1%/year between 2012 and 2019 to reach 150 Mt in 2019, as utilities progressively switched to coal.


Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Two thirds of natural gas are used for power generation. Gas consumption declined from 2016 to 2019 (-3.9%/year on average), after remaining almost stable from 2011 to 2016. Because of the closure of nuclear reactors, the consumption of natural gas increased very rapidly from 2005 to 2012 (+5.9%/year).



Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption has been roughly stable since 2013 (187 Mt in 2019). It increased rapidly between 2000 and 2007 (3%/year) with most of the utilities switching to this cheap fuel.

Electricity production uses 61% of the coal consumed, and the remainder is consumed by industry, mainly by the iron and steel industry.



 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption decreased generally between 2010 and 2018 (-1.1%/year), but dropped sharply in 2019 (-4.3%). Of that reduction, 20% is due to a cooler climate and a similar decline was seen in other sectors.


Industry accounts for 35% of electricity consumption, followed by services (33%) and households (28%).

Graph: ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In the government's latest Energy White Paper (2019), renewables are recognized as a major energy source for Japan's future. The plan aims to raise the share of renewables in the power mix to 22-24% (including hydropower) in 2030, with plans to make renewables Japan's main power source by 2050.

Feed-in tariffs (FiTs) were introduced for solar PV in 2009 (for surplus electricity ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Japan aims to reduce GHG emissions to 1.04 GtCO2eq by FY 2030, which is 26% below FY 2013 (NDC). In 2016, the country ratified the Paris Agreement on climate change.

GHG emissions dropped by 3.6% in FY 2019 for a fifth straight year and by 12% from FY 2013 to FY -2019.

The long-term goal, announced in June 2019 in the long-term growth strategy under the Paris Agreement, is to ...

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