2017 Japan Key Figures
Population: 127 million
GDP growth rate: 1.71 %/year
Energy independence: 9.84%
Total consumption/GDP:* 75.6 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 9.00 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.48%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita decreased from 4.1 toe in 2000 to 3.4 toe in 2017, nearly reaching EU-level (3.1 toe). Electricity consumption per capita was around 7 900 kWh in 2017 (EU levels of 5 600 kWh).

Total energy consumption declined between 2010-2016 (-2.1%/year on average); however, it picked up again in 2017 with a 1.2% increase reaching 429 Mtoe.


Japan energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

After the United States, China and India, Japan is the world's fourth largest oil importer. Crude oil imports have been decreasing by 1.9%/year since 2000. Slower economic growth coupled with structural trends in the transport sector (shift to electric cars and reduced car use among young generations) and the gradual phaseout of oil-fired power plants are reducing the oil ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption declined between 1996 and 2010. It then started to increase, with the oil demand from power plants increasing by 80% between 2010 and 2012 to compensate for the closure of nuclear plants. However, oil product consumption has since declined by about 13% to reach 164 Mt in 2017, as utilities progressively switched to coal.


Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

More than two thirds of natural gas are used for power generation. Because of the closure of nuclear reactors from 2005 to 2007 and since 2011, the consumption of natural gas has increased very rapidly (+5.9%/year, on average, between 2005 and 2012). With the restart of nuclear power plants, gas consumption decreased by 4% to 126 bcm in 2015 from 2014 levels, but has subsequently picked up, ...

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2007 (3%/year) but declined by 4.9%/year in 2008 and 2009. It has grown by around 2.1%/year since 2011 to 193 Mt in 2017, with most of the utilities switching to this cheap fuel. Electricity production uses 65% of the coal consumed, and the remainder is consumed by industry, mainly by the iron and steel industry.

Graph: COAL ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption recovered in 2017 (+6.7%) after a decrease of 1.1%/year between 2013 and 2016. It dropped by 5.5% in 2011 because of electricity demand restrictions and remained stable until 2013.


Industry accounts for 35% of consumption, followed by services (34%) and households (27%).


Renewable in % electricity production

In the government's latest long-term energy plan, approved in July 2018, renewables are recognized as a major energy source for Japan's future. METI is expected to maintain the current generation mix target share for renewables at 22-24% (including hydropower) in 2030, with plans to make renewables Japan's main power source by 2050.

Feed-in tariffs (FITs) were introduced for solar PV ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Japan met its Kyoto commitment to reduce its GHG emissions by 6% by 2008-2012 compared to the 1990 level. In 2017, Japan's GHG emissions were 8% above their 1990 level (mainly because of the drop in nuclear generation).

In its NDC, Japan aims to reduce GHG emissions to 1.04 GtCO2eq by FY 2030, 26% below FY 2013 levels. In 2016, the country ratified the Paris Agreement on climate ...

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