2017 Japan Key Figures
Population: 127 million
GDP growth rate: 1.51 %/year
Energy independence: 8.09%
Total consumption/GDP:* 76.4 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.66 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.05%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita decreased from 4.1 toe in 2000 to 3.4 toe in 2017, nearly reaching EU-level (3.1 toe). Electricity consumption per capita also decreased: around 8 031 kWh in 2017, compared to 8 095 kWh in 2010 (EU levels of 5 600 kWh in 2016).

Total energy consumption has been declining since 2010 (-2.1%/year on average).


Japan energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

After the United States, China and India, Japan is the world's fourth largest oil importer. Crude oil imports have been decreasing by 1.9%/year since 2000. Slower economic growth coupled with structural trends in the transport sector (shift to electric cars and reduced car use among young generations) and the gradual phaseout of oil-fired power plants are reducing the oil ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption declined between 1996 and 2010. It then started to increase, with the oil demand from power plants increasing by 80% between 2010 and 2012 to compensate for the closure of nuclear plants. However, oil product consumption has since declined by about 13% to reach 164 Mt in 2017, as utilities progressively switched to coal.


Asia Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

More than two thirds of natural gas are used for power generation. Because of the closure of nuclear reactors from 2005 to 2007 and since 2011, the consumption of natural gas has increased very rapidly (+5.9%/year, on average, between 2005 and 2012, and +16%/year between 2010 and 2011). With the restart of nuclear power plants, gas consumption decreased 6.5% to 124 bcm in 2015, but ...

Asia LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2007 (3%/year) but declined by 4.9%/year in 2008 and 2009. It has grown by around 2.2%/year since 2011 to 196 Mt in 2017, with most of the utilities switching to this cheap fuel. Electricity production uses 61% of the coal consumed, and the remainder is consumed by industry, mainly by the iron and steel industry.

Graph: COAL ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been decreasing since 2008 because of the global economic crisis and electricity demand restrictions since 2011 (-1.1%/year, on average, over 2007-2016). However, stronger growth in Japan's economy and the opening up of the domestic electricity market has increased electricity consumption by 7.2% to 1 019 TWh in 2017. Between 2000 and 2007, it increased by ...

Renewable in % electricity production

Under the Strategic Energy Plan of Japan, the country intends to supply 10% of its primary energy from renewables by 2020. In the government's proposed long-term energy plan, renewables are recognized as a major energy source for Japan's future. METI is expected to maintain the current generation mix target share for renewables at 22-24% (including hydropower) by 2030.

Feed-in tariffs ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Japan met its Kyoto commitment to reduce its GHG emissions by 6% by 2008-2012 compared to the 1990 level. In 2017, Japan's CO2 emissions were 8% above the 1990 level (lower nuclear generation).

In its First NDC, Japan aims to reduce GHG emissions to 1.04 GtCO2eq by fiscal year (FY) 2030, 26% below FY 2013 levels. In November 2016, the country ratified the Paris Agreement on climate ...

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