Latvia

2017 Latvia Key Figures
Population: 1.94 million
GDP growth rate: 4.55 %/year
Energy independence: 58.2%
Total consumption/GDP:* 79.1 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.47 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.89%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 2.3 toe (27% below the EU average), including 3 300 kWh of electricity, i.e. around 41% below the EU average (2017).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption has been declining slightly since 2007 (-1.6%/year between 2007 and 2015) and remained stable between 2015 and 2017, reaching 4.4 Mtoe. It increased ...

Latvia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Latvia does not have a refinery. It imports all its refined products by rail and pipeline from Russia, Belarus and the Lithuanian refinery of Mazeikiai. Oil product imports increased steadily (+7.3%/year) between 2010 and 2015, reaching 2.7 Mt in 2015, but they dipped by 1.3% in 2016 and by 4.8% in 2017 (2.6 Mt). Its geographical location makes Latvia an important transit area for oil ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The demand for oil products, which fell by 5.3%/year between 2007 and 2012, has been recovering slightly since then, staying close to 1.3 Mt/year since 2013). In 2017, it grew by 3.5% to 1.4 Mt.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Transport accounts for nearly 3/4 of oil product consumption (75% in 2017), the residential-tertiary-agriculture sector for 15% and industry for 10% ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption, which rose by 3%/year over the 2000-2010 period, contracted until 2014 (-7.9%/year) and stabilised until 2016 around 1.3 bcm. In 2017, it declined by 12% to 1.2 bcm.

The power sector, which accounts for more than 60% of total gas consumption (61% in 2017), is the main driver of gas demand: in 2014, a change in support mechanisms for large CHP plants reduced ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has halved since 2011 (-59% between 2011 and 2017) after a tenfold decrease between 1990 and 2004 (reduced use for CHP and heat plants). It is now marginal in Latvia's energy mix (less than 2%, 0.1 Mt in 2017)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Industry is the main consumer (55% of the demand in 2017), followed by the residential-tertiary sector ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption soared between 2000 and 2007 (+5.7%/year, reaching 6.6 TWh) and has stopped increasing since then. Since 2013, electricity consumption has remained broadly stable at around 6.5 TWh. In 2017, it dipped by 1.2% to 6.4 TWh.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Services dominate the electricity consumption (43%); they are followed by industry (28%), ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the target set by the European Directive, renewables should account for 40% of final energy consumption (37% achieved) in 2016 and for nearly 60% of electricity consumption in 2020. The Strategy 2030 raised this share to 50% in 2030.

Latvia offers financial support for the conversion from fossil fuels to renewables. Feed-in tariffs (FiTs) for wind, biomass and biogas, ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Latvia's Kyoto target was easily achieved since in 2012 GHG emissions were 40% below their 1992 level (compared to a reduction target of 8% compared to 1992). GHG emissions fell until 2000 and have remained relatively stable at around 10-12 MtCO2eq since then; they were 44% below 1992 level in 2016 (10.6 MtCO2eq).

CO2 emissions from energy combustion have followed a similar trend and ...

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