Latvia

2015 Latvia Key Figures
Population: 1.97 million
GDP growth rate: 2.73 %/year
Energy independence: 55.7%
Total consumption/GDP:* 79.5 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.48 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.52%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 2.1 toe (32% below the EU average), including 3 320 kWh of electricity, i.e. 41% below the EU average (2015).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

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Latvia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Latvia does not have a refinery. It imports all its refined products by rail and pipeline from Russia, Belarus and the Lithuanian refinery of Mazeikiai. Oil product imports have been increasing steadily since 2010 (+6.6%/year), reaching 2.6 Mt in 2015, but they dipped by 2% in 2016 (66% diesel...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The demand for oil products, which fell by 5.3%/year between 2007 and 2012, has been recovering slightly since then (+2.8%/year until 2015). Oil product consumption increased by 5.4% in 2015 and by 2.1% in 2016, with diesel sales rising by 5.1% (-2% for gasoline).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption, which rose by 3%/year over the 2000-2010 period, contracted until 2014 (-7.9%/year) and has been recovering since them (+3.5% in 2016), reaching 1.4 bcm in 2016.

The power sector, which accounts for more than 60% of total gas consumption (63% in 2015), is the main...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption decreased tenfold between 1990 and 2004 (reduced use for CHP and heat plants). It has fallen by half since 2011 (-54% between 2011 and 2015). According to preliminary data, coal demand fell again in 2013, by 9%, and remains marginal in Latvia's energy mix (less than 2%).

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 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption soared between 2000 and 2007 (+5.7%/year, reaching 6.6 TWh) and has stopped increasing since then. Since 2013, electricity consumption has remained broadly stable at around 6.5 TWh (+0.8% in 2016).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

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Renewable in % electricity production

According to the target set by the European Directive, renewable energy should account for 40% of final energy consumption and for nearly 60% of electricity consumption in 2020. The Strategy 2030 raised this share to 50% in 2030.

Latvia offers financial support for the conversion from...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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