Latvia

2014 Latvia Key Figures
Population: 1.99 million
GDP growth rate: 2.36 %/year
Energy independence: 50.1%
Total consumption/GDP:* 84.8 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.27 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.23%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is 2.2 toe (28% below the EU average), including 3 370 kWh of electricity, i.e. 39% below the EU average (2014).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

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Latvia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Latvia does not have a refinery. It imports all its refined products by rail and pipeline from Russia, Belarus and the Lithuanian refinery of Mazeikiai. Oil product imports have been increasing steadily since 2010 (+6.4%/year), reaching 2.3 Mt in 2014 (63% diesel and 9% gasoline). Oil product...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The demand for oil products, which fell by 5.3%/year between 2007 and 2012, has been recovering slightly since then (+3.6% until 2014). Oil product consumption increased by 4% in 2015, with diesel sales rising by 6%. Oil consumption increased at the rapid pace of 3.3%/year, on average, over 2000...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption has been generally declining since 2006, after a 4.4% hike over the 2000-2006 period. Since 2010, gas sales have fallen by 28%, from 1.8 bcm in 2010 to 1.3 bcm in 2014; they even contracted by 10% in 2014, owing to warmer temperatures and to a change in support mechanisms...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption decreased tenfold between 1990 and 2005 (reduced use for CHP and heat plants). It increased slightly between 2006 and 2011 (despite a 22% fall in 2009) but has been falling again since then (-43% between 2011 and 2014). According to preliminary data, coal demand fell again in...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity demand soared between 2000 and 2007 (+5.7%/year, reaching 6.6 bcm) and plateaued at around 6.3 TWh between 2009 and 2011. Electricity consumption has been following an upward trend since 2011 and reached 6.7 TWh in 2014; it remained stable in 2015 (+0.5%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the target set by the European Directive, renewable energy should account for 40% of final energy consumption and for nearly 60% of electricity consumption in 2020. The Strategy 2030 raises this share to 50% in 2030. According to Latvia's Energy Development Guidelines 2007-2016,...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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