Lithuania

2016 Lithuania Key Figures
Population: 2.87 million
GDP growth rate: 2.30 %/year
Energy independence: 25.0%
Total consumption/GDP:* 64.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.27 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.24%
* at purchasing power parity
Lithuania Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is 2.6 toe, and around 3 700 kWh for electricity (2016); those consumption rates are 18% and 34% below the EU average, respectively.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption has remained stable at around 7 Mtoe since 2010 (7.4 Mtoe in 2016). Lithuania's energy intensity to GDP fell by 3.7%/year between ...

Lithuania energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Apart from a marginal production of around 70 kt (64 kt in 2016), Lithuania imports all its crude oil (10 Mt in 2016), mainly from Russia. It is refined at the Mazeikiai refinery which has a total capacity of 15 Mt/year and which operates at around 2/3 of its capacity. The country is a net exporter of oil products (8.5 Mt of exports for 1.6 Mt of imports in 2016).

The country has two ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has remained broadly stable at around 2.5 Mt between 2000 and 2014, after nearly halving between 1992 and 2002. It has been rising since 2015 (+7.5% in 2015 and +6.7% in 2016), reaching 2.6 Mt. According to preliminary statistics, it rose again in 2017 (+2.7%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Transport consumes nearly 2/3 of the country's oil products. ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Since 2012, natural gas consumption has been falling rapidly (-9.1%/year), due to stronger competition from cheaper fuels such as low-sulphur heavy fuel oil or gas oil, higher share of biomass in heat production and mild weather. Gas consumption had increased rapidly between 2000 and 2007 (+4.9%/year, on average).

Industry accounts for 62% of the total gas consumption (including ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption is marginal (about 3% of the country's total energy consumption), although it has increased slightly since 2001.

Industry absorbs 43% of the consumption (mainly non-metallic minerals), while the residential-services sector accounts for 53% (2016).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2016, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity demand has increased by 2%/year since 2010, reaching 11 TWh in 2016 (and by 2.6% in 2017 according to preliminary statistics). Previously, it grew strongly between 2000 and 2008 (+4.6%, on average).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Industry absorbs 32% of electricity consumption, the residential sector 26% and the tertiary sector 31% (2016). Those shares ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In 2008 Lithuania, under its National Renewable Energy Action Plan, adopted a target of 23% for the share of renewables in final energy consumption by 2020 (10% of transport consumption, 39% of heating consumption, and 21% of electricity generation), in line with the target set by the European Directive. This target was reached in 2014 and exceeded in 2016 with nearly 26% mainly due to a ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Lithuania's GHG emissions decreased by nearly 60% between 1990 and 2000. After a 30% rise between 2000 and 2007, offset by significant drops in 2008 and 2009, emissions have remained broadly stable at around 21 Mt since 2009. In 2015, they stood at 20 Mt, i.e. 58% below 1990 levels.

Lithuania aims to cap the increase in GHG emissions in sectors covered by the EU ETS to 15% compared to ...

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