Energy Reports

LNG Bunkering Market Overview

The LNG Bunkering Market

Codes system development

Common international codes adopted for tank design and its safety are:

  • NFPA-59A: Standard for the Production, Storage and Handling of Liquefied Natural Gas.
  • EN- 1473 : Installation and equipment for Liquified Natural Gas. Design of onshore installation.
  • API 625 : Tank systems for Refrigerated Liquified Gas Storage.
  • ACI 376: Code requirements for Design and Construction of Concrete Structures for the Containment of Refrigerated Liquefied Gas.
  • EN 14620 : Design and Manufacture of site built, vertical, cylindrical, flat-bottomed, steel tanks for the storage of refrigerated, liquified gases with operating temperature between 00C and -1650C. Metallic components.
LNG Bunkering Market Overview
Update: December, 2016
Format: PDF
Pages: 50
Delivery: Immediate by e-mail


4,500€
Table of Content    research [at] enerdata [dot] net (subject: Enquire about LNG Bunkering Market Overview) (Any question?)
Highlights

International shipping remains the most valuable mode of international trade and globalisation. At present, the shipping industry contributes 2.2% of global emissions. With the volume of international shipping expected to grow in tandem with world trade growth; the maritime industry needs to play its part in reducing emissions and improving energy efficiency.
LNG can deliver a significant reduction in emissions and is being viewed as an increasingly attractive option across the marine fuel value chain. A relatively small number of vessels currently operate on LNG, or as dual/tri-fuel with diesel electric propulsion. But a growing number of vessels are being ordered or retro-fitted and more than 50 ports globally have or are preparing for LNG bunkering.
The growth in demand for LNG as a shipping fuel and the support that several governments are offering to accelerate the adoption of LNG, means that there will be an increasing need to conduct feasibility studies for new LNG bunkering facilities.

Report scope:

The LNG Bunkering Market Overview contains the following key topics:

The growth in demand for LNG as a shipping fuel and the support that several governments are offering to accelerate the adoption of LNG, means that there will be an increasing need to conduct feasibility studies for new LNG bunkering facilities. This report will provide a comparison of the four different bunkering facility models available, an understanding of the current market situation, as well as the different factors that should be considered when building and designing a new LNG bunkering facility.
This report aims to help the reader understand the parameters (such as design, layout, potential safety issues) used when choosing bunkering facilities for different situations. This report is meant to assist the reader in the development of a detailed feasibility study when a market study needs to be executed, or a technology selection is assessed including the required environmental impact assessment.

Report audience:

This report will help participants across the gas value chain gain an understanding of developments in LNG bunkering. The report will benefit both LNG importers and exporters, as well as government agencies, port authorities, equipment manufacturers and investors.

Executive Summary
Introduction to LNG Bunkering
LNG Bunkering Facility Models
Overview LNG Bunkering Facilities Status
BOG Treatment Method
Operating Procedures for Small Scale LNG Fueling Facilities
Methodology of Selecting Bunkering Facility and Specifications

Download the detailed Table of Contents

Sulphur emissions
Heavy fuel oil for marine bunkers trends
Truck to ship LNG bunkering
Advantages and disadvantages of truck to ship LNG bunkering
Shore to ship LNG bunkering
Advantages and disadvantages of shore to ship LNG bunkering
Ship to ship LNG bunkering
Advantages and disadvantages of ship to ship LNG bunkering
Portable tank transfer LNG bunkering
Advantages and disadvantages of portable tank transfer
Summary of various LNG bunkering facility models
Operational LNG bunkering facilities in europe
Planned LNG bunkering facilities in europe
Operational LNG bunkering facilities in china
Planned LNG bunkering facilities in china
Process diagram of mixed refrigerant liquefaction plant
Process diagram of turbo-expander liquefaction plant
Skid mount equipment
SsLNG value chain
Typical smr process flow diagram
Typical nitrogen expander process flow diagram
Typical tank material for construction
Tank containment system comparison
Codes form an integral foundation for a complete system development
Transfer of LNG via ship to ship transfer from the mitsui osk lines controlled LNG taurus (126,300 m3 capacity) to the shinwa chemical tanker co.’s akebono maru (3,500 m3)
Transfer of LNG via ship to ship transfer with cryogenic hoses from the hoegh LNG operated hoegh galleon (87,000 m3) to the pioneer knutsen (1,100 m3)
Bali LNG in operation
Entec small scale LNG barge and storage barge
Ship to ship transfer system (courtesy: gutteling.com)
Ship to ship transfer hose system schematic (courtesy: classnkrd.com)
LNG bunkering photo (courtesy: teekaymarinesolutions.com)
Cryogenic hose construction (courtesy: trelleborg.com)
Ship to ship transfer – key operational steps (courtesy: bmt)
Typical LNG loading arm (left) from LNG-c to LNG terminal (right) arm close-up (courtesy: tokyo boeki engineering ltd)
LNG hoses for truck fuelling, truck to ship LNG fueling (viking grace, finland)
Sample design parameters of current vessels in operation
Small scale LNG fleet in operation (up to 10,000 m3)
Yard comparison
Recent significant orders
LNG truck in action during bunkering (courtesy: gasnor)
LNG loading to LNG truck at terminal (courtesy: LNG world news)
LNG truck loading with flexible hose (courtesy: LNG world news)
LNG truck unloading procedure
Pull away coupler used in flexible hose (courtesy: arta ask-tt)
Assessment, main drivers and considerations for selecting a bunkering facility
Sizing a bunkering facility

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