2016 Macedonia Key Figures
Population: 2.08 million
GDP growth rate: 2.41 %/year
Energy independence: 44.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 66.9 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.32 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 13.8%
* at purchasing power parity
Macedonia Related Research

Total Energy consumption

In 2016, the country's energy consumption per capita was 1.3 toe, which is more than 50% below the European average, including 3 026 kWh of electricity (43% below the European average).

Total energy consumption decreased rapidly between 2011 and 2014 (-4.6%/year) and has remained stable since then (2.7 Mt). Oil accounts for 43% of consumption, lignite for 32%, hydroelectricity for ...

Macedonia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil supplies are covered by imports. Macedonia ended crude oil imports in 2013. Since 2011 oil products have been free from custom duties, leading to a 50% surge in 2012, to 1 Mt; they have increased slightly since then to 1.1 Mt in 2016.

The country's only refinery, OKTA, with a capacity of 50 000 bbl/d, has been shut down since 2013.

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Renewable in % electricity production

In 2015, Macedonia adopted its National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP) that set a renewable energy target of 28% in final energy consumption in 2020 (of which, 24.7% of electricity generation).

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Energy-related CO2 emissions were quite stable between 2000 and 2011, at around 4 MtCO2, before decreasing by 8%/year on average until 2016.


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