2017 Macedonia Key Figures
Population: 2.08 million
GDP growth rate: 0.02 %/year
Energy independence: 42.9%
Total consumption/GDP:* 67.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.54 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 13.9%
* at purchasing power parity
Macedonia Related Research

Total Energy consumption

In 2017, the country's energy consumption per capita was 1.3 toe, which is 56% below the European average, including 3 000 kWh of electricity (45% below the European average).

Total energy consumption decreased rapidly between 2011 and 2015 (-4.2%/year) and has remained stable since then (2.7 Mt).

Oil covers 38% of consumption, lignite 35%, hydroelectricity 10%, biomass 9% and ...

Macedonia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil supplies are covered by imports. Macedonia ended crude oil imports in 2013, when the 50 000 bbl/d OKTA refinery was shut down. Since 2011 oil products have been free from custom duties, leading to a 55% surge in 2012, to 1 Mt; they increased until 2016 (1.3 Mt) and have been declining since then (-5.8% in 2017 to 1.2 Mt and -3% in 2018).

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Renewable in % electricity production

In April 2017, Macedonia amended its National Renewable Action Plan (NREAP) (2015), setting a target of 24% of renewables in final energy consumption by 2020 (instead of 21% in the 2015 NREAP); renewables should cover 27% of electricity consumption, 30% of heating consumption and 10% of transport consumption.

The 2015 NREAP planned to cover 25% of final energy consumption with ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Macedonia's Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) aims to cut CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion by 30% to 36% by 2030 compared to a BAU scenario. The BAU scenario expects CO2 emissions to rise by 87% between 1990 and 2030: cutting emissions by 36% would limit the 1990-2030 growth to 20% (+31% for a 30% reduction).

Energy-related CO2 emissions were quite stable between 2000 ...

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