Mexico

2017 Mexico Key Figures
Population: 129 million
GDP growth rate: 2.04 %/year
Energy independence: 89.3%
Total consumption/GDP:* 78.3 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.44 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 13.2%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is 1.4 toe and electricity consumption per capita reached around 2 100 kWh (2017).

Total energy consumption has been decreasing since 2013 (-1%/year) to 185 Mtoe in 2017. It grew at an average pace of 1.9%/year between 2000 and 2013.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

The share of oil in the country's total ...

Mexico energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Since a peak level in 2004, oil production has fallen by 4.2%/year on average, down to 109 Mt in 2017. Approximately 70% of the production is extracted in the Bay of Campeche, in the south of the Gulf of Mexico (offshore). Mexico's sliding oil production is mainly explained by the decline of the Cantarell field (2 mb/d in 2004 compared to just 0.13 mb/d in 2017). Around half of the ...


 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products has been decreasing since 2007 from around 91 Mt to 82 Mt in 2017. Transport represents around 58% of the demand, followed by industry (14%) and power plants (12%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)


 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption increased by 2.5% in 2017 (78 bcm). Since 2000, gas demand has been rising rapidly (around 4.1%/year on average) due to the commissioning of numerous CCGTs (+20 GW over the period).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

About 53% of the demand is used for the production of electricity, 21% by industry, and 24% by the oil and gas sector (2017). Gas ...

America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

The demand for coal is low (22.6 Mt in 2017). About two thirds of the total are used for the production of electricity.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption decreased by 0.8% in 2017 (272 TWh). It has been growing at the significant pace of 3.9%/year over 2000-2016 (4.1%/year until 2010 and 3.5%/year since 2010). Industry's share remained stable at 53% in 2017 and that of households decreased slightly to 22%. About 99% of the population is connected to the grid.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The Special Improvement Programme for Renewable Energies ("Programa Especial para el Aprovechamiento de Energías Renovables" 2014-2018) sets the following targets for 2018: a 34.6% share for renewables and other "clean energies" (nuclear, CHP and CCS plants) in power capacity, of which 32.8% for renewables; and a 24.9% share for clean energies in the total power generation. The General Law ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2009, Mexico was the first non-Annex 1 country to announce a long-term target to 2050, i.e. a reduction of 50% below 2002 levels. Following the COP 21 in Paris, Mexico has submitted its NDC in which it committed to cut GHG emissions by 22% in 2030 compared to BAU levels. Emissions of "short-lived climate pollutants" (SLCP, such as methane or soot) should be cut by 25% below BAU ...

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