Mexico

2018 Mexico Key Figures
Population: 131 million
GDP growth rate: 2.00 %/year
Energy independence: 86.1%
Total consumption/GDP:* 75.4 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.37 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 14.2%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is 1.4 toe and electricity consumption per capita reached around 2 200 kWh (2018).

Total energy consumption increased by 0.8% in 2018 (181 Mtoe). After an period of increase between 2000 and 2013 (1.9%/year on average), it decreased over 2013- 2017 (-1.6%/year).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

The share of oil in ...

Mexico energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Since a peak level in 2004 at 191 Mt, oil production has fallen by 4.4%/year on average, down to 101 Mt in 2018. Approximately 70% of the production is extracted in the Bay of Campeche, in the south of the Gulf of Mexico (offshore). Mexico's sliding oil production is mainly explained by the decline of the Cantarell field (0.16 mb/d in 2018 compared to 2 mb/d in 2004). Around 62% of the ...


 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products has been decreasing since 2013 at an average pace of 3.4%/year (79 Mt in 2018). It remained almost stable between 2005 and 2013 (around 90 Mt).

Transport represents around 58% of the demand, followed by industry (14%) and power plants (11%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)


 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas demand growth has slowed down since 2012 (2.5%/year against 5.4%year between 2000 and 2012). It reached 86 bcm in 2018. The rapid demand before 2012 was due to the commissioning of numerous CCGTs (+19 GW over 2000-2012).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

About 59% of the demand is used for power production and 22% by both industry and the oil and gas sector (2018). ...

America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

The demand for coal is around 21 Mt in 2018. About two thirds of the total are used for the production of electricity.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has grown at a rapid pace of 3.8%/year on average since 2000, reaching 292 TWh in 2018.

Industry's share is around 54%, followed by households (21%) and services (19%). About 99% of the population is connected to the grid.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

Renewable in % electricity production

The General Law on Climate Change ("LGCC") sets the target of a 35% share for "clean energies" (nuclear, CHP and CCS) in total power generation in 2024, 37.7% in 2030 and 50% in 2050. SENER now expects to reach a share of 50% earlier, in 2034.

In 2017, CENACE announced the winners of its third Clean Energy Auction for long-term PPA: 15 projects totalling 2.6 GW won tenders for the ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2009, Mexico was the first non-Annex 1 country to announce a long-term target to 2050, i.e. a reduction of 50% below 2002 levels. Following the COP 21 in Paris, Mexico has submitted its NDC in which it committed to cut GHG emissions by 22% in 2030 compared to BAU levels. Emissions of "short-lived climate pollutants" (SLCP, such as methane or soot) should be cut by 25% below BAU ...

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