Mexico

2018 Mexico Key Figures
Population: 131 million
GDP growth rate: 2.19 %/year
Energy independence: 87.3%
Total consumption/GDP:* 75.3 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.28 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 17.1%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is 1.4 toe and electricity consumption per capita reached around 2 100 kWh (2018).

Total energy consumption has been decreasing since 2013 (-1.2%/year) to 181 Mtoe in 2018. It grew at an average pace of 1.9%/year between 2000 and 2013.

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

The share of oil in the country's total ...

Mexico energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Since a peak level in 2004, oil production has fallen by 4.4%/year on average, down to 102 Mt in 2018. Approximately 70% of the production is extracted in the Bay of Campeche, in the south of the Gulf of Mexico (offshore). Mexico's sliding oil production is mainly explained by the decline of the Cantarell field (2 mb/d in 2004 compared to just 0.16 mb/d in 2018). Around 60% of the ...


 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products has been decreasing since 2013 at a pace of 2.5%/year (78 Mt in 2018). It remained almost stable between 2005 and 2013 (around 90 Mt).

Transport represents around 57% of the demand, followed by industry and power plants (12% each).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)


 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Since 2000, gas demand has been rising rapidly (around 4%/year on average) due to the commissioning of numerous CCGTs (+25 GW over the period). It reached 80 bcm in 2018.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

About 55% of the demand is used for the production of electricity and 22% by both industry and the oil and gas sector (2018). Gas use in the residential and services ...

America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

The demand for coal is around 20 Mt in 2018. About two thirds of the total are used for the production of electricity.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased by 2.1% in 2018 (279 TWh). It has been growing at the significant pace of 4.6%/year between 2000 and 2010 but this growth has slowed down since 2010 (1.6%/year on average).

Industry's share increased in 2018 to 55% and that of households remained stable to 22%. About 99% of the population is connected to the grid.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The General Law on Climate Change ("LGCC") sets the target of a 35% share for "clean energies" (nuclear, CHP and CCS) in total power generation in 2024, 37.7% in 2030 and 50% in 2050. SENER expects the country to already reach a share of 50% in 2034.

In 2017, CENACE announced the winners of its third Clean Energy Auction for long-term power purchase agreements: 15 projects (totalling ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2009, Mexico was the first non-Annex 1 country to announce a long-term target to 2050, i.e. a reduction of 50% below 2002 levels. Following the COP 21 in Paris, Mexico has submitted its NDC in which it committed to cut GHG emissions by 22% in 2030 compared to BAU levels. Emissions of "short-lived climate pollutants" (SLCP, such as methane or soot) should be cut by 25% below BAU ...

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