Netherlands

2015 Netherlands Key Figures
Population: 16.9 million
GDP growth rate: 1.95 %/year
Energy independence: 62.7%
Total consumption/GDP:* 81.5 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 10.3 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.30%
* at purchasing power parity
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Netherlands Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita (4.3 toe in 2015) is 45% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. It is 6 400 kWh per capita for electricity

Total energy consumption has been decreasing, on average, by 2.7%/year since its peak in 2010 (83 Mtoe...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production is low (1.9 Mt in 2015, i.e. around 3% of the refineries' inputs). Crude imports mainly come from Russia (27%), Norway (17%), Nigeria and Kuwait (10% each) (2015).

At 1.3 mb/d, the refining capacity greatly exceeds the domestic needs and 3/4 of the production is...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been decreasing by 1.1%/year, on average, since its peak in 2005, including an 1% drop in 2015, to close to 24 Mt. Half of the demand contraction (around 3 Mt since 2005) results from the transport sector (-1.5 Mt) and one third from industry (-0.9 Mt).

Graph: OIL...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption has dropped by 7.5%/year, on average, between its peak level of 2010 (55 bcm) and 2014 (40 bcm) mainly because of the gas-to-coal switch in the power sector. Gas consumption has been stable in 2015.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal is mainly consumed for power generation (80%). Coal consumption decreased from 2008 to 2011 and then saw a strong rebound thanks to the gas-to-coal switch between 2011 and 2015 (+ 49%, including a 22% surge in 2015), bringing it to 18 Mt.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption shrunk by an average of 0.9%/year between its 2008 peak (114 TWh) and 2014 (108.7 TWh), and slightly rebounded in 2015 (+1%).

Electricity represents 15% of final energy consumption in 2015.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

...

Renewable in % electricity production

The Ministry of Economic Affairs (EZ) is in charge of renewable energy policy, including the Stimulation of Sustainable Energy Production (SDE+, Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie) programme.

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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