Netherlands

2018 Netherlands Key Figures
Population: 17.2 million
GDP growth rate: 2.54 %/year
Energy independence: 42.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 74.9 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 10.4 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.18%
* at purchasing power parity
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Netherlands Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita (4.3 toe in 2018) is 40% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 700 kWh, which is 20% above the EU average.

Total energy consumption decreased, on average, by 1%/year between its peak in 2010 (84 Mtoe) and 2015, and has been stagnant since then (73 Mtoe in ...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production is low (1.5 Mt in 2018). Crude imports mainly come from Russia (30%) and UK (17%) (2018).

At 1.3 mb/d, the refining capacity greatly exceeds the domestic needs and 3/4 of the production is exported. The Netherlands plays a major role in Europe's oil supply, both in terms of exported volumes (around 100 Mt/year), as well as in terms of fixing the oil price (spot ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption decreased by 1.5%/year, on average, between its peak in 2005 and 2015. Oil demand rose by 2.6%/year since 2016 to 29 Mt in 2018.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Oil consumption is almost exclusively confined to captive uses, which absorb almost 90% of the total: transport (41%) and non-energy uses in the petrochemical sector (41%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption dropped by 6.5%/year, on average, between its peak level of 2010 (56 bcm) and 2015 (40 bcm), mainly because of the gas-to-coal switch in the power sector. Gas consumption increased by 2% per year between 2016 and 2018, mainly driven by the power sector.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

The residential-tertiary sector accounts for 40% of the natural gas ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal is mainly consumed for power generation (72%). Coal consumption saw a strong progression between 2011 and 2015 thanks to the gas-to-coal switch (+50%, including a 22% surge in 2015), bringing it to 18 Mt. The trend has reversed since then (-9%/year) due to the closures of several coal-fired power plants.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

After its 2008 peak, electricity consumption decreased slightly, by 0.8% per year over 2009-2014. It has been increasing since 2015 at a rhythm of 2% per year, reaching 116 TWh in 2018.

Electricity represents 16% of final energy consumption in 2018.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The services sector is the largest electricity user (33% in 2018), followed by ...

Renewable in % electricity production

EZK is in charge of renewable energy policy, including the Stimulation of Sustainable Energy Production (SDE+, Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie) programme.

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 14% by 2020. The EASG 2013 added a further target of 16% for 2023. The 2020 target won't be ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The Netherlands met its Kyoto target with actual GHG emissions in 2012 standing 9.5% below their 1990 level, against a target of 6%. In 2018, GHG emissions were lowered further to 14.5% below their 1990 levels.

In 2017, the government announced the introduction of a binding target to cut carbon emissions by 2030 by implementing a price floor on carbon. It will seek to bring a minimum ...

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