Netherlands

2016 Netherlands Key Figures
Population: 17.0 million
GDP growth rate: 2.14 %/year
Energy independence: 57.7%
Total consumption/GDP:* 99.1 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 10.3 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.84%
* at purchasing power parity
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Netherlands Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita (4.3 toe in 2016) is 40% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 300 kWh, which is 10% above the EU average.

Total energy consumption has been decreasing, on average, by 2...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production is low (1.5 Mt in 2016, i.e. around 3% of the refineries' inputs). Crude imports mainly come from Russia (39%), Norway (13%), UK and Irak (10% each) (2016).

At 1.3 mb/d, the refining capacity greatly exceeds the domestic needs and 3/4 of the production is exported....

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption decreased by 1.1%/year, on average, between its peak in 2005 and 2015. Half of that contraction (around 3 Mt since 2005) resulted from the transport sector (-1.5 Mt) and one third from industry (-0.9 Mt). Oil demand rose by 1.5% in 2016 to 24 Mt, driven by industry.

Graph...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption has dropped by 7.5%/year, on average, between its peak level of 2010 (55 bcm) and 2014 (40 bcm) mainly because of the gas-to-coal switch in the power sector. Gas consumption stabilised in 2015 before picking up by 4.5% in 2016 to 42 bcm, driven by the power sector.

Graph:...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal is mainly consumed for power generation (78%). Coal consumption saw a strong progression between 2011 and 2015 thanks to the gas-to-coal switch (+50%, including a 22% surge in 2015), bringing it to 18 Mt. The trend reversed in 2016 with an 8% fall due to the closures of several coal-fired...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption shrunk by an average of 0.6%/year between its 2008 peak (114 TWh) and 2016 to108 TWh.

Electricity represents 15% of final energy consumption in 2016.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

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Renewable in % electricity production

The Ministry of Economic Affairs (EZ) is in charge of renewable energy policy, including the Stimulation of Sustainable Energy Production (SDE+, Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie) programme.

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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