2016 Netherlands Key Figures
Population: 17.0 million
GDP growth rate: 2.14 %/year
Energy independence: 59.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 80.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 10.3 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.62%
* at purchasing power parity
Netherlands Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita (4.3 toe in 2016) is 40% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 300 kWh, which is 10% above the EU average.

Total energy consumption has been decreasing, on average, by 2.7%/year since its peak in 2010 (83 Mtoe) to 73 Mtoe in 2015. It rebounded slightly (1.2%) in ...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production is low (1.5 Mt in 2016, i.e. around 3% of the refineries' inputs). Crude imports mainly come from Russia (39%), Iraq (15%) and Norway (12%), and Iraq (10% each) (Q1 to Q3 2017).

At 1.3 mb/d, the refining capacity greatly exceeds the domestic needs and 3/4 of the production is exported. The Netherlands plays a major role in Europe's oil supply, both in terms of ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption decreased by 1.1%/year, on average, between its peak in 2005 and 2015. Half of that contraction (around 3 Mt since 2005) resulted from the transport sector (-1.5 Mt) and one third from industry (-0.9 Mt). Oil demand rose by 1.5% in 2016 to 24 Mt, driven by industry.


Oil consumption is almost exclusively confined to captive uses, ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption has dropped by 7.5%/year, on average, between its peak level of 2010 (55 bcm) and 2014 (40 bcm) mainly because of the gas-to-coal switch in the power sector. Gas consumption stabilised in 2015 before picking up by 4.5% in 2016 to 42 bcm, driven by the power sector.


The residential-tertiary sector accounts for 43% of the ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal is mainly consumed for power generation (78%). Coal consumption saw a strong progression between 2011 and 2015 thanks to the gas-to-coal switch (+50%, including a 22% surge in 2015), bringing it to 18 Mt. The trend reversed in 2016 with an 8% fall due to the closures of several coal-fired power plants.



 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption shrunk by an average of 0.6%/year between its 2008 peak (114 TWh) and 2016 to 108 TWh.

Electricity represents 15% of final energy consumption in 2016.


The services sector is, since 2012, the largest electricity user (33% in 2016), followed by industry (32%).


Renewable in % electricity production

EZ is in charge of renewable energy policy, including the Stimulation of Sustainable Energy Production (SDE+, Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie) programme.

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 14% by 2020 (6% reached in 2016). The EASG 2013 added a target of 16% for 2023. According to ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The Netherlands met its Kyoto target with actual GHG emissions in 2012 standing 9.5% below their 1990 level, against a target of 6%. GHG emissions were 9% below their 1990 level in 2015, despite a 4% rise in 2015. In 2016, GHG emissions were 8% below their 1990 levels. In December 2017, the government also announced the future introduction of a binding target to cut carbon emissions by 2030 ...

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