2019 Netherlands Key Figures
Population: 17.3 million
GDP growth rate: 1.81 %/year
Energy independence: 46.4%
Total consumption/GDP:* 72.4 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 9.84 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.61%
* at purchasing power parity
Netherlands Related News
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Netherlands Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita (4.1 toe in 2019) is 24% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 400 kWh, which is 14% above the EU average.

After a 1.4%/year increase over 2015-2017, total energy consumption decreased by -2.1% in 2018 and 2019 to 71 Mtoe.

Natural gas occupies a ...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production is low (1.1 Mt in 2019). Crude imports (65 Mt in 2019) mainly come from Russia (27%) and the UK (13%) (2019).

At 1.3 mb/d, the refining capacity greatly exceeds the domestic needs and 3/4 of the production is exported. The Netherlands plays a major role in Europe's oil supply, both in terms of exported volumes (around 100 Mt/year), as well as in terms of fixing ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

After a 3.5% decrease in 2018, oil consumption increased by 6.7% in 2019 to 26 Mt. Oil demand rose by 1.7%/year between 2014 and 2017. Previously, oil consumption had decreased by 1.5%/year, on average, between its peak in 2004 and 2014.


Oil consumption is almost exclusively confined to captive uses, which absorb almost 90% of the total: ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Over 2015-2019, gas consumption increased by 2.2%/year.


The residential-tertiary sector accounts for 34% of the natural gas consumption in 2019. Almost all households use gas for cooking and heating (98%). Electricity production represented 39% of gas consumption.


EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal is mainly consumed for power generation (63%). Since 2015, coal consumption has decreased on average by 13%/year due to the closures of coal-fired power plants, reaching 10 Mt in 2019. Previously, coal consumption saw a strong progression between 2011 and 2015 thanks to the gas-to-coal switch (+50%, including a 22% surge in 2015), bringing it to 18 Mt.


 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased between 2015 and 2018 at a rhythm of 1.2% per year and remained stable in 2019 (112 TWh). Electricity consumption had previously decreased slightly, by 0.8% per year over 2009-2014.

Electricity represents 16% of final energy consumption in 2019.


The services sector is the largest electricity user ...

Renewable in % electricity production

EZK is in charge of renewable energy policy, including the Stimulation of Sustainable Energy Production (SDE+, Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie) programme.

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 14% by 2020. The EASG 2013 added a further target of 16% for 2023. The 2020 target won't be ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2019, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions declined by 3% to 183 MtCO2eq, 18% below their 1990 level.

The Netherlands currently holds a GHG emissions reduction target of 49% by 2030, higher than the EU mandated 40%. A total investment budget of €300m per year has been put in place from 2018-30 to promote actions to meet this target. In 2018, EZK announced its support of further raising ...

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