Netherlands

2017 Netherlands Key Figures
Population: 17.1 million
GDP growth rate: 3.11 %/year
Energy independence: 52.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 79.6 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 10.6 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.62%
* at purchasing power parity
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Netherlands Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita (4.4 toe in 2017) is 40% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 400 kWh, which is 14% above the EU average.

Total energy consumption decreased, on average, by 2.5%/year between its peak in 2010 (83 Mtoe) and 2015, and has been increasing since then by 1%/year(76 Mtoe ...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production is low (1.5 Mt in 2017, i.e. around 2% of the refineries' inputs). Crude imports mainly come from Russia (39%), Iraq (13%) and Norway (10%) (2017).

At 1.3 mb/d, the refining capacity greatly exceeds the domestic needs and 3/4 of the production is exported. The Netherlands plays a major role in Europe's oil supply, both in terms of exported volumes (around ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption decreased by 1.1%/year, on average, between its peak in 2005 and 2015. Half of that contraction (around 3 Mt since 2005) resulted from the transport sector (-1.5 Mt) and one third from industry (-0.9 Mt). Oil demand rose by 1.7%/year since 2016 to 25 Mt in 2017, driven by industry.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Oil consumption is almost exclusively confined ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption dropped by 7.5%/year, on average, between its peak level of 2010 (55 bcm) and 2014 (40 bcm), mainly because of the gas-to-coal switch in the power sector. Gas consumption stabilised in 2015 at 40 bcm and reached 44 bcm in 2017 (+6%). The increase was mainly driven by the power sector.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

The residential-tertiary sector ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal is mainly consumed for power generation (75%). Coal consumption saw a strong progression between 2011 and 2015 thanks to the gas-to-coal switch (+50%, including a 22% surge in 2015), bringing it to 18 Mt. The trend reversed in 2016 (-8%) and 2017 (-9%) due to the closures of several coal-fired power plants.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has remained almost stable since its 2008 peak and stood at 108 TWh in 2017.

Electricity represents 15% of final energy consumption in 2017.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The services sector was the largest electricity user (33% in 2017) from 2012 until 2017, when industry managed to catch up with a 33% share.

Graph: ELECTRICITY ...

Renewable in % electricity production

EZ is in charge of renewable energy policy, including the Stimulation of Sustainable Energy Production (SDE+, Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie) programme.

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 14% by 2020 (6% reached in 2016). The EASG 2013 added a target of 16% for 2023. According to ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The Netherlands met its Kyoto target with actual GHG emissions in 2012 standing 9.5% below their 1990 level, against a target of 6%. In 2017, GHG emissions were 4% below their 1990 levels. In December 2017, the government announced the future introduction of a binding target to cut carbon emissions by 2030 by putting a price floor on carbon prices. It will seek to bring a minimum CO2 price ...

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