2015 Netherlands Key Figures
Population: 16.9 million
GDP growth rate: 1.95 %/year
Energy independence: 62.7%
Total consumption/GDP:* 81.5 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 10.3 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.30%
* at purchasing power parity
Netherlands Related News
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Netherlands Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita (4.3 toe in 2015) is 45% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. It is 6 400 kWh per capita for electricity

Total energy consumption has been decreasing, on average, by 2.7%/year since its peak in 2010 (83 Mtoe...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production is low (1.9 Mt in 2015, i.e. around 3% of the refineries' inputs). Crude imports mainly come from Russia (27%), Norway (17%), Nigeria and Kuwait (10% each) (2015).

At 1.3 mb/d, the refining capacity greatly exceeds the domestic needs and 3/4 of the production is...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been decreasing by 1.1%/year, on average, since its peak in 2005, including an 1% drop in 2015, to close to 24 Mt. Half of the demand contraction (around 3 Mt since 2005) results from the transport sector (-1.5 Mt) and one third from industry (-0.9 Mt).

Graph: OIL...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption has dropped by 7.5%/year, on average, between its peak level of 2010 (55 bcm) and 2014 (40 bcm) mainly because of the gas-to-coal switch in the power sector. Gas consumption has been stable in 2015.



EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal is mainly consumed for power generation (80%). Coal consumption decreased from 2008 to 2011 and then saw a strong rebound thanks to the gas-to-coal switch between 2011 and 2015 (+ 49%, including a 22% surge in 2015), bringing it to 18 Mt.



 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption shrunk by an average of 0.9%/year between its 2008 peak (114 TWh) and 2014 (108.7 TWh), and slightly rebounded in 2015 (+1%).

Electricity represents 15% of final energy consumption in 2015.



Renewable in % electricity production

The Ministry of Economic Affairs (EZ) is in charge of renewable energy policy, including the Stimulation of Sustainable Energy Production (SDE+, Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie) programme.

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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