2018 Netherlands Key Figures
Population: 17.2 million
GDP growth rate: 2.60 %/year
Energy independence: 49.8%
Total consumption/GDP:* 75.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 9.70 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.58%
* at purchasing power parity
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Netherlands Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita (4.2 toe in 2018) is 40% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 500 kWh, which is 20% above the EU average.

After a 1.4%/year increase over 2015-2017, total energy consumption decreased by 1.6% in 2018 to 73 Mtoe.

Natural gas occupies a privileged ...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production is low (1.5 Mt in 2018). Crude imports mainly come from Russia (30%) and UK (17%) (2018).

At 1.3 mb/d, the refining capacity greatly exceeds the domestic needs and 3/4 of the production is exported. The Netherlands plays a major role in Europe's oil supply, both in terms of exported volumes (around 100 Mt/year), as well as in terms of fixing the oil price (spot ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption decreased by 1.5%/year, on average, between its peak in 2004 and 2014. Oil demand rose by 1.7%/year between 2014 and 2017, before decreasing by 3.5% in 2018, to reach 26 Mt.


Oil consumption is almost exclusively confined to captive uses, which absorb almost 90% of the total: industry (47%) and transport (42%).

Graph: OIL ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption dropped by 6 %/year, on average, between its peak level of 2010 (56 bcm) and 2015 (41 bcm), mainly because of the gas-to-coal switch in the power sector. Gas consumption increased by 3% per year over 2015-2017, mainly driven by the power sector, before decreasing by 1.4% in 2018.


The residential-tertiary sector accounts ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal is mainly consumed for power generation (72%). Coal consumption saw a strong progression between 2011 and 2015 thanks to the gas-to-coal switch (+50%, including a 22% surge in 2015), bringing it to 18 Mt. The trend has reversed since then (-9%/year) due to the closures of several coal-fired power plants.



 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

After its 2008 peak, electricity consumption decreased slightly, by 0.8% per year over 2009-2014. It has been increasing since 2015, at a rhythm of 1.2% per year, reaching 113 TWh in 2018.

Electricity represents 15% of final energy consumption in 2018.


The services sector is the largest electricity user (32% in 2018), followed by ...

Renewable in % electricity production

EZK is in charge of renewable energy policy, including the Stimulation of Sustainable Energy Production (SDE+, Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie) programme.

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 14% by 2020. The EASG 2013 added a further target of 16% for 2023. The 2020 target won't be ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

After a 3%/year decline over 2010-2014and a 2.3%/year increase over 2015-2016, GHG emissions decreased by 0.9% in 2017 to 206 MtCO2eq, 9% below their 1990 level.

The Netherlands currently holds a GHG emissions reduction target of 49% by 2030, higher than the EU mandated 40%. A total investment budget of €300m per year has been put in place from 2018-30 to promote actions to meet this ...

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