Netherlands

2016 Netherlands Key Figures
Population: 17.0 million
GDP growth rate: 2.14 %/year
Energy independence: 59.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 80.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 10.3 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.62%
* at purchasing power parity
Netherlands Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita (4.3 toe in 2016) is 40% higher than the EU average, mainly because of the large refining and petrochemical industries. Per capita electricity consumption is 6 300 kWh, which is 10% above the EU average.

Total energy consumption has been decreasing, on average, by 2.7%/year since its peak in 2010 (83 Mtoe) to 73 Mtoe in 2015. It rebounded slightly (1.2%) in ...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production is low (1.5 Mt in 2016, i.e. around 3% of the refineries' inputs). Crude imports mainly come from Russia (39%), Iraq (15%) and Norway (12%), and Iraq (10% each) (Q1 to Q3 2017).

At 1.3 mb/d, the refining capacity greatly exceeds the domestic needs and 3/4 of the production is exported. The Netherlands plays a major role in Europe's oil supply, both in terms of ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption decreased by 1.1%/year, on average, between its peak in 2005 and 2015. Half of that contraction (around 3 Mt since 2005) resulted from the transport sector (-1.5 Mt) and one third from industry (-0.9 Mt). Oil demand rose by 1.5% in 2016 to 24 Mt, driven by industry.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Oil consumption is almost exclusively confined to captive uses, ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption has dropped by 7.5%/year, on average, between its peak level of 2010 (55 bcm) and 2014 (40 bcm) mainly because of the gas-to-coal switch in the power sector. Gas consumption stabilised in 2015 before picking up by 4.5% in 2016 to 42 bcm, driven by the power sector.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

The residential-tertiary sector accounts for 43% of the ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal is mainly consumed for power generation (78%). Coal consumption saw a strong progression between 2011 and 2015 thanks to the gas-to-coal switch (+50%, including a 22% surge in 2015), bringing it to 18 Mt. The trend reversed in 2016 with an 8% fall due to the closures of several coal-fired power plants.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption shrunk by an average of 0.6%/year between its 2008 peak (114 TWh) and 2016 to 108 TWh.

Electricity represents 15% of final energy consumption in 2016.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The services sector is, since 2012, the largest electricity user (33% in 2016), followed by industry (32%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN ...

Renewable in % electricity production

EZ is in charge of renewable energy policy, including the Stimulation of Sustainable Energy Production (SDE+, Stimulering Duurzame Energieproductie) programme.

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 14% by 2020 (6% reached in 2016). The EASG 2013 added a target of 16% for 2023. According to ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The Netherlands met its Kyoto target with actual GHG emissions in 2012 standing 9.5% below their 1990 level, against a target of 6%. GHG emissions were 9% below their 1990 level in 2015, despite a 4% rise in 2015. In 2016, GHG emissions were 8% below their 1990 levels. In December 2017, the government also announced the future introduction of a binding target to cut carbon emissions by 2030 ...

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