Nigeria

2016 Nigeria Key Figures
Population: 186 million
GDP growth rate: -1.5 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 102 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 0.33 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 16.6%
* at purchasing power parity
Nigeria Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita was 0.74 toe in 2016. Electricity consumption per capita is relatively low in comparison to neighbouring countries and, after a peak in 2012, decreased in 2016 to levels similar to those in 2010, with 131 kWh/hab.

Total consumption increased rapidly (+3.7%/year) between 2000 and 2012, but has decreased since then due to severe supply constraints and has since ...

Nigeria energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production has been continually decreasing since a peak of 130 Mt in 2010, bringing it to 103 Mt in 2016. Between 2000 and 2010 it was quite erratic, fluctuating in a range of 100-130 Mt, mainly because of political troubles in the Delta Niger region in the south ("Ogoniland"). In this region, the local community is opposed to the presence of foreign oil companies (in particular Shell), ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption fluctuated around 10-12 Mt since 2000 and reached about 11 Mt in 2016. Despite its share decreasing, transport is the main consuming sector with 73% of total oil products consumption, far ahead of the residential-tertiary-agriculture sector (21%) and industry (4%, including non-energy uses).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

The consumption of natural gas increased rapidly until 2015 (5.3%/year), except in 2009 due to the global economic crisis and domestic unrest, reaching a peak of more than 17 bcm in 2015. It decreased to about 16 bcm in 2016.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2016, %)

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Domestic coal and lignite consumption has remained very limited (0.04 Mt in 2016), despite a significative increase in 2005 (+13.4%/year). Coal is exclusively consumed in the industry sector.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2016, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2012 (9.5%/year, on average) and then stabilized (+1.0%/year between 2013 and 2016), despite the significant fall in power generation caused by severe gas supply constraints in 2013.

The country's electrification rate is low: 57% of the population has access to electricity (2016).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In August 2016, the federal government adopted a new target to raise the share of renewable energy sources in power generation to 50% by 2020. The NERC expects that at least 1 000 MW of additional renewable capacities will be operational by 2018. In total, the country targets a portfolio of 7.2 GW of renewable capacities by 2020.

In 2005, the UNDP had supported ECN to produce the ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Nigeria is the sub-Saharan African country with the second highest greenhouse gas emissions after South Africa, mainly because of gas flaring.

CO2 emissions related to energy combustion more than doubled between 1990 and 2012, reaching a peak of 65 Mt; since then, CO2 emissions have decreased slightly, to 62 Mt in 2015.

Nigeria has no specific policy to address climate change ...

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