Nigeria

2019 Nigeria Key Figures
Population: 201 million
GDP growth rate: 2.21 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 85.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 0.43 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 15.4%
* at purchasing power parity
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Nigeria Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita was 0.8 toe in 2019. Electricity consumption per capita is relatively low in comparison to neighbouring countries and reached 130 kWh/hab in 2019.

Total consumption increased by 3.7%/year since 2016. reaching 168 Mtoe in 2019.

In 2019, biomass accounted for 75% of total consumption, which is higher than the region's average. Oil is the second most ...

Nigeria energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production, which decreased by 27% between a peak of 127 Mt in 2010 and 2016 has increased by 8% since then to 99 Mt in 2019.

Between 2000 and 2010, output was quite erratic, fluctuating in a range of 100-130 Mt, mainly because of troubles in the Niger Delta. In 2016, as the Federal Government considered ending the amnesty programme (which started in 2009) and cancelled some ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

After a 59% increase between 2012 and 2013, oil product consumption remained relatively stable, at around 17-20 Mt/year. Despite its share decreasing, transport is the main consuming sector with 92% of total oil products consumption.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Since 2017, the consumption of natural gas is stable, around 17 bcm/year. Previously, it increased by 13%/year between 2009 and 2014.

The energy sector absorbs ¾ of the gas consumption: 39% for power generation and 36% for the oil and gas sector ("others").

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption is very limited (0.1 Mt in 2019) and is exclusively used in the industry sector.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2019, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2012 (10%/year, on average) and then remained roughly stable.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The share of the residential sector in electricity consumption has increased at a regular pace since 2000 (from 50% to 58% in 2019), whereas the share of industry has been on a slight downward trend (from 21% to 16% ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to its National Renewable Energy Action Plan (2016), Nigeria targets 16% of its electricity consumption from renewables by 2030, with 13.8 GW of capacity.

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In its NDC, the country committed to reducing its GHG emissions from 20% to 45% compared to a BAU scenario by 2030. Measures to reduce emissions in the energy sector include efficiency improvement, increased use of renewables, supply-side options (rehabilitation of existing oil refineries and power plants, introduction of CCGT and cogeneration), and reduced gas flaring. Nigeria is the ...

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