Nigeria

2018 Nigeria Key Figures
Population: 196 million
GDP growth rate: 1.94 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 81.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 0.51 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 15.4%
* at purchasing power parity
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Nigeria Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita was 0.8 toe in 2018. Electricity consumption per capita is relatively low in comparison to neighbouring countries and reached 140 kWh/hab in 2018.

Total consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2012 (+4.5%/year), but its progression slowed down between 2013 and 2018n to 1.8%/year due to severe supply constraints. Total energy consumption reached 156 Mtoe ...

Nigeria energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production has ranged between a peak of 127 Mt in 2010 to 90 Mt in 2016. It has increased by 12% since then to 101 Mt in 2018, after a stabilization of the situation in the region of Niger Delta.

Between 2000 and 2010, output was quite erratic, fluctuating in a range of 100-130 Mt, mainly because of troubles in the Niger Delta. In 2016, as the Federal Government considered ending ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption increased by 80% since 2012, reaching 21 Mt in 2018. Despite its share decreasing, transport is the main consuming sector with 91% of total oil products consumption, far ahead of industry (4%) and the residential-tertiary-agriculture sector (3%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

The consumption of natural gas has increased rapidly since 2014 (5.3%/year), reaching 19 bcm in 2018.

The energy sector absorbs ¾ of the gas consumption: 37% for power generation and 38% for the oil and gas sector ("others").

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption is very limited (0.05 Mt in 2018) and is exclusively in the industry sector.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2012 (10.4%/year, on average) and then grew slowly (+1.4%/year) between 2013 and 2018, despite the significant fall in power generation caused by severe gas supply constraints in 2013.

The country's electrification rate is low: 61% of the population has access to electricity (2018).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to its National Renewable Energy Action Plan (2016), Nigeria targets 16% of its electricity consumption from renewables by 2030, with 13.8 GW of capacity.

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Nigeria is the sub-Saharan African country with the second highest greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) after South Africa, mainly because of gas flaring.

In its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), the country committed to reducing its GHG emissions from 20% to 45% compared to a BAU scenario by 2030. Measures to reduce emissions in the energy sector include efficiency improvement, ...

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