Norway

2017 Norway Key Figures
Population: 5.29 million
GDP growth rate: 1.36 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 88.4 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 6.76 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.92%
* at purchasing power parity
Norway Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is more than twice the EU average (5.3 toe), driven by an electricity consumption per capita that is three times the EU average and the highest in the world, at 23 300 kWh (2017).

The country's total energy consumption has been decreasing since 2010 with strong fluctuations according to economic and weather conditions. It increased by 3.3%/year, on ...

Norway energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil and NGL production dropped by 50% between its peak level of 163 Mt in 2001 and 2013, when it reached 83 Mt. It rebounded since then to 87 Mt in 2015 (+7%) and has remained around 90 Mt/year since 2016.

Oil production began in 1969 with the exploitation of the Ekofisk field, followed by Frigg in 1973 and Troll in 1986; since 1975 the country has been a net exporter. At the end of ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has been decreasing by almost 1.5%/year until 2015. It recovered slightly in 2016 and remained stable in 2017. It grew regularly until 2010 (+1.2%/year between 2000 and 2010).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Transport represents 53%of the total oil consumption and industry 28% (2017).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption is relatively modest and varies strongly from one year to the next. Between 2000 and 2010 consumption increased at the rapid rate of 4%/year. It had dropped by 16% between 2010 and 2014 and grew by 25% in 2015. It remained almost stable in 2016 (+0.6%) but then fell significantly in 2017 to 5.2 bcm (-16%).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Three ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption is quite negligible. It fell by 7%/year, on average, between 2000 and 2010, but has since rebounded and remains stable since 2013 close to 1.1 Mt/year (2017). It is mainly used in the metallurgical industry that represents close to 90% of the demand.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been increasing slowly since 2010 by 1% in average (123 TWh in 2016, +1.6%), with fluctuations depending on how harsh the winter is, since electricity is the main source of heating. Before, it increased by 0.8%/year between 2000 and 2010.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Industry absorbs about 37% of the electricity consumed, while the ...

Renewable in % electricity production

Targets for renewables are combined with energy efficiency targets (i.e. increase the contribution of renewables and energy savings by 30 TWh from 2001 to 2016 and by 40 TWh in 2020).

In 2015, the Government changed the depreciation rules for wind energy production to harmonize them with Sweden. Indeed, Sweden's wind power generation has increased by 8 TWh since 2012, while Norway has ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Norway did not meet its Kyoto target: in 2012 GHG emissions were around 6% above their 1990 level, compared to a target of 1%. In 2016, GHG emissions were 3% above their 1990 level (1.1% decrease in 2016). In 2016, the oil and gas industry represented 28% of these emissions (+75% since 1990), transport 31%, industry 21% (-40%), while the power sector has only a marginal share of ...

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