2018 Norway Key Figures
Population: 5.34 million
GDP growth rate: 2.11 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 89.9 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.21 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.58%
* at purchasing power parity
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Norway Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is more than twice the EU average (5.5 toe), driven by an electricity consumption per capita that is three times the EU average and the highest in the world, at 23 600 kWh (2018).

The country's total energy consumption has remained stable at normal climate levels since 2010; actual consumption has strong fluctuations according to weather ...

Norway energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil and NGL production dropped by 50% between its peak level of 163 Mt in 2001 and 2013, when it reached 84 Mt. It rebounded since then to 90 Mt in 2016 (+8%), remained stable before dropping again to 84 Mt/year in 2018.

Oil production began in 1969 with the exploitation of the Ekofisk field, followed by Frigg in 1973 and Troll in 1986; since 1975 the country has been a net exporter. ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption decreased by 1.7%/year between 2010 and 2017 and remained stable in 2018. It grew regularly until 2010 (+1.2%/year between 2000 and 2010).


Transport represents 54% of the total oil consumption and industry 34% (2018).


EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption is relatively modest and has been generally decreasing since 2010, reaching 4.7 bcm in 2018, which was 30% below 2010 levels (of which -25% since 2017).


Three quarters of the gas is used in the energy sector. The main part of the consumption goes to the hydrocarbon sector (75%), while just 8% of the gas is ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption is significantly low and so quite negligible. It fell by 7%/year, on average between 2000 and 2010, but has increased slightly since then (1.3 Mt in 2018). Coal is mainly used in the metallurgical industry that represents close to 90% of the demand.



 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been increasing slowly since 2010 by 1% on average (126 TWh in 2018, +2%), with fluctuations depending on how harsh the winter is, since electricity is the main source of heating. Before, it increased by 0.8%/year between 2000 and 2010.


Industry accounts for 36% of the electricity consumed, while the ...

Renewable in % electricity production

Targets for renewables are combined with energy efficiency targets (i.e. increase the contribution of renewables and energy savings by 30 TWh from 2001 to 2016 and by 40 TWh in 2020).

In 2015, the Government changed the depreciation rules for wind energy production to harmonise them with Sweden. Indeed, Sweden's wind power generation has increased by over 9 TWh since 2012, while ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Norway did not meet its Kyoto target: in 2012 GHG emissions were around 6% above their 1990 level, compared to a target of 1%. In 2017, GHG emissions were 5% above their 1990 level; these emissions have been fluctuating in a range of 54-58 MtCO2e since 2000 (54.4 Mt in 2017).

In 2015, the Government submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) and adopted the target to ...

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