Poland

2018 Poland Key Figures
Population: 38.0 million
GDP growth rate: 5.10 %/year
Energy independence: 57.9%
Total consumption/GDP:* 72.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.68 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.15%
* at purchasing power parity
Poland Related News
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Poland Related Analysis
  • 07/09/2012 - Poland Energy Efficiency
    2011 Key Figures Population: 38.2 million GDP growth rate: 4.4% Energy independence: 65% Total consumption/GDP: 88 (2005=100) CO2 Emissions: 8.7 ...
Poland Related Research

Total Energy consumption

In 2018, total energy consumption per capita was 2.9 toe (6% below the EU average), including around 3 900 kWh of electricity (30% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption has been recovering since 2014 (+2.4%/year) thanks to the economic growth, reaching 110 Mtoe in 2018 after a decline between 2011 and 2014 (-2.3%/year).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE ...

Poland energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Poland's oil production is limited (1.6 Mt in 2018), and it imports more than 90% of its oil needs. The share of Russia has been decreasing during the last decade (70% in 2018) and Poland recently imported oil from new countries such as Nigeria (since 2018).

Poland has a refining capacity of about 27 Mt/year, split into two large refineries: Płock (16 Mt/year), which produces 60% of ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been growing since 2013 (+4%/year through 2018) thanks to the economic recovery and low oil prices, reaching 30.5 Mt in 2018. It fell by 4.2%/year between 2010 and 2013 due to the economic slowdown, high fuel prices and a growing informal market.

Two thirds of oil products are consumed in transport (69% in 2018), and 16% in industry (including non-energy ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption has been increasing more rapidly since 2014 (3.6%/year, against 2%/year on average between 2000 and 2014), partly because of the commissioning of new gas-fired power capacities.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Industry, including non-energy uses, consumes 40% of the country's gas (of which 14% for non-energy uses). The residential sector ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has been declining by 0.5%/year since 2000, reaching 129 Mt in 2018.

Coal and lignite are mainly consumed by power plants (79% in 2018). The share of industry is marginal (6%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been increasing rapidly since 2000 (+1.8%/year), reaching 150 TWh in 2018, spurred by sustained economic growth.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Industry consumes 1/3 of the country's electricity (37% in 2018, as in 2000), compared to 32% for services (26% in 2000) and 20% for the residential sector (19% in 2000).

Graph: ELECTRICITY ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to reach a 15% share of renewables in the final consumption in 2020 (10.9% in 2017, down from 11.7% in 2015).

Poland aims to double power generation from highly efficient cogeneration (CHP) between 2006 and 2020. In April 2019, the European Commission approved a €5bn power scheme for high-efficiency cogeneration ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Poland easily achieved its Kyoto target since in 2012, GHG emissions were 15% below their 1990 level (compared to a target of -6%). GHG emissions, which declined by 6% between 2010 and 2014, have increased slightly since then, reaching 414 Mt in 2017.

Poland, as all EU members, has a binding 40% GHG emission reduction target by 2030 compared to 1990 in its NDC. Poland's energy ...

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