Poland

2016 Poland Key Figures
Population: 37.9 million
GDP growth rate: 2.68 %/year
Energy independence: 69.2%
Total consumption/GDP:* 71.4 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.88 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.16%
* at purchasing power parity
Poland Related Analysis
  • 07/09/2012 - Poland Energy Efficiency
    2011 Key Figures Population: 38.2 million GDP growth rate: 4.4% Energy independence: 65% Total consumption/GDP: 88 (2005=100) CO2 Emissions: 8.7 ...
Poland Related Research

Total Energy consumption

In 2016, total energy consumption per capita was 2.6 toe (16% below the EU average), including 3 800 kWh of electricity (32% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption increased by 1.5%/year between 2002 and 2011 and then declined until 2014 (-2.3%/year). Energy consumption has been recovering since then (+1% in 2015 and +3.8% in 2016) thanks to the economic growth, reaching 99 ...

Poland energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Poland's oil production is limited, at around 1.7 Mt in 2016, and it imports more than 95% of its oil needs, mainly from Russia.

In 2012 PGNiG launched the LMG (Lubiatów-Międzychód-Grotów) oil and gas production facility (recoverable reserves of 7 Mt of crude oil and 7 bcm of gas). The LMG facility is expected to increase oil production by about 40%.

Poland has a refining ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

After a 2.6%/year growth over 2000-2010, oil consumption fell by 12% between 2010 and 2013 due to the economic slowdown, high fuel prices and a growing informal market (about 15% of total sales for diesel). It has been growing since then (+16%) thanks to the economic recovery and lower oil prices, reaching 26 Mt in 2016.

Two thirds of oil products are consumed in transport (66% in ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption increased by around 2.7%/year between 2000 and 2012, when incentives for gas-fired CHP generation were removed. It remained broadly stable until 2015 and rose by 6.2% to 19 bcm in 2016 (gas-fired generation rose by 16% in 2015 and by 22% in 2016, as CHP incentives were reinstated). According to preliminary statistics, gas demand grew by 4.5% in 2017.

Graph: NATURAL GAS ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption fell by 1.1%/year, on average, between 2000 and 2009. After a slight increase until 2013, it declined again to 128 Mt in 2016 (-6% between 2013 and 2016), due to a lower demand from the power sector. Coal is facing increasing competition from gas and renewables in the power sector.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Coal and lignite are mainly ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been increasing rapidly since 2000 (+1.8%/year), reaching 144 TWh in 2016 (+3.8% on 2015), spurred by sustained economic growth. According to preliminary estimates, it increased by 2.1% in 2017.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

On average, industry consumes 1/3 of the country's electricity (36% in 2016, from 37% in 2000), compared to 20% ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to reach a 15% share of renewables in the final consumption in 2020. Poland aims to double power generation from highly efficient cogeneration (CHP) between 2006 and 2020. The National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management (NFOSiGW) has allocated PLN 800m (€183m) over 2014-2020 to support renewable ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Poland easily achieved its Kyoto target since in 2012, GHG emissions were 17% below their 1990 level (compared to a target of -6%). GHG emissions, which declined by 6% between 2010 and 2014, slightly increased to 388 Mt in 2015.

In 2016, CO2 emissions from energy combustion were more than 20% below their 1990 level (288 Mt).

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

As ...

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