Poland

2018 Poland Key Figures
Population: 38.0 million
GDP growth rate: 5.15 %/year
Energy independence: 58.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 69.1 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.50 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.58%
* at purchasing power parity
Poland Related News
Interested in a daily & world selection of energy articles? More information on Key Energy Intelligence
Poland Related Analysis
  • 07/09/2012 - Poland Energy Efficiency
    2011 Key Figures Population: 38.2 million GDP growth rate: 4.4% Energy independence: 65% Total consumption/GDP: 88 (2005=100) CO2 Emissions: 8.7 ...
Poland Related Research

Total Energy consumption

In 2018, total energy consumption per capita was 2.8 toe (6% below the EU average), including around 3 900 kWh of electricity (30% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption has been recovering since 2014 (+3%/year) driven by economic growth, reaching 106 Mtoe in 2018 after a decline between 2011 and 2014 (-2.3%/year).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE ...

Poland energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Poland's oil production is limited (less than 10% of its needs with 1.6 Mt in 2018). The share of Russia in oil imports has been decreasing during the last decade (70% in 2018 compared to 91% in 2010).

Poland has a refining capacity of 27 Mt/year, split into two large refineries: Płock (16 Mt/year), which produces 60% of the country's gasoline, and Gdansk (10.5 Mt/year). In 2018, 28.6 ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been growing rapidly since 2014 (+8%/year through 2018) thanks to the economic recovery and low oil prices, reaching 29 Mt in 2018. It fell by 4.2%/year between 2010 and 2013 due to the economic slowdown, high fuel prices and a growing informal market.

Around 70% of oil products are consumed in transport and 15% in industry (including non-energy uses).

Graph: ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption has been increasing more rapidly since 2014 (4.2%/year, against 2%/year on average between 2000 and 2014), partly because of the commissioning of new gas-fired power capacities.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Industry, including non-energy uses, consumes 35% of the country's gas. Households, services and agriculture consume about a third of ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Consumption of coal and lignite has been declining by 0.6%/year since 2000, reaching 127 Mt in 2018.

Coal and lignite are mainly consumed by power plants (79% in 2018). The share of industry is marginal (6%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been increasing rapidly since 2002 (+2.1%/year), reaching 151 TWh in 2018.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Industry consumes 38% of the country's electricity, followed by services with 32% and households with 19%.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018,%)

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to reach a 15% share of renewables in the final consumption in 2020 (11.2% in 2018).

Poland aims to double power generation from highly efficient cogeneration (CHP) between 2006 and 2020. In April 2019, the European Commission approved a €5bn power scheme for high-efficiency cogeneration and surcharge reductions ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

GHG emissions, are increasing by 2.3%/year since 2014, reaching 416 Mt in 2017, which is 12% below their 1990 level; they declined by 1.5%/year over 2011-2014.

Poland, as all EU members, has a binding 40% GHG emission reduction target by 2030 compared to 1990 in its NDC. Poland's energy strategy until 2040 reaffirms this objective and adds the target of a 30% cut in CO2 emissions in ...

Secured payment by Banque Populaire des Alpes VISA MASTERCARD