Poland

2017 Poland Key Figures
Population: 37.9 million
GDP growth rate: 4.65 %/year
Energy independence: 61.9%
Total consumption/GDP:* 71.9 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 8.29 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.39%
* at purchasing power parity
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Poland Related Analysis
  • 07/09/2012 - Poland Energy Efficiency
    2011 Key Figures Population: 38.2 million GDP growth rate: 4.4% Energy independence: 65% Total consumption/GDP: 88 (2005=100) CO2 Emissions: 8.7 ...
Poland Related Research

Total Energy consumption

In 2017, total energy consumption per capita was 2.8 toe (13% below the EU average), including around 3 900 kWh of electricity (30% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption increased by 1.2%/year between 2000 and 2011 and then declined until 2014 (-2.3%/year). Energy consumption has been recovering since then (+3.2%/year) thanks to the economic growth, reaching 105 Mtoe in ...

Poland energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Poland's oil production is limited, at around 1.6 Mt in 2017, and it imports more than 90% of its oil needs, mainly from Russia (70% in 2018). The share of Russia has been decreasing during the last decade and Poland recently imported oil from new countries such as Nigeria (since 2018).

In 2012 PGNiG launched the LMG (Lubiatów-Międzychód-Grotów) oil and gas production facility ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

After a 2.6%/year growth over 2000-2010, oil consumption fell by 4.2%/year between 2010 and 2013 due to the economic slowdown, high fuel prices and a growing informal market. It has been growing since then (+7.5%/year through 2017) thanks to the economic recovery and low oil prices, reaching 29 Mt in 2017.

Two thirds of oil products are consumed in transport (69% in 2017), and 16% in ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption increased by around 2.4%/year between 2000 and 2017, when it neared 20 bcm. As incentives for gas-fired CHP generation were removed in 2012, gas demand remained broadly stable between 2012 and 2015 at around 18 bcm; incentives were reinstated in 2016, contributing to a strong growth (+4.1%/year between 2015 and 2018). New gas-fired power capacities started operating in 2017, ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite are mainly consumed by power plants (80% in 2017). The share of industry is marginal (6%). Coal is facing increasing competition from gas and renewables in the power sector. Coal consumption declined by 0.6%/year over 2000-2017, reaching 128 Mt in 2017.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been increasing rapidly since 2000 (+1.8%/year), reaching 146 TWh in 2017, spurred by sustained economic growth.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

On average, industry consumes 1/3 of the country's electricity (37% in 2017, as in 2000), compared to 32% for the tertiary sector (from 26% in 2000) and 20% for the residential sector (19% in ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to reach a 15% share of renewables in the final consumption in 2020 (11.3% in 2016). Poland aims to double power generation from highly efficient cogeneration (CHP) between 2006 and 2020. The National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management (NFOŚiGW) has allocated PLN 800m (€183m) over 2014-2020 to ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Poland easily achieved its Kyoto target since in 2012, GHG emissions were 15% below their 1990 level (compared to a target of -6%). GHG emissions, which declined by 6% between 2010 and 2014, have increased slightly since then, reaching 398 Mt in 2016. In 2017, CO2 emissions from energy combustion were 16% below their 1990 level (314 Mt).

Poland's energy strategy until 2040 (unveiled ...

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