2019 Poland Key Figures
Population: 38.0 million
GDP growth rate: 4.10 %/year
Energy independence: 57.7%
Total consumption/GDP:* 64.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.96 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.91%
* at purchasing power parity
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Poland Related Analysis
  • 07/09/2012 - Poland Energy Efficiency
    2011 Key Figures Population: 38.2 million GDP growth rate: 4.4% Energy independence: 65% Total consumption/GDP: 88 (2005=100) CO2 Emissions: 8.7 ...
Poland Related Research

Total Energy consumption

In 2019, total energy consumption per capita was 2.7 toe (13% below the EU average), including around 3 900 kWh of electricity (30% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption declined by 3.2% in 2019. Previously, it increased by 2.9%/year between 2015 and 2018.


Coal and lignite covered 43% of the country's needs ...

Poland energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Poland's oil production is limited (less than 10% of its needs with 1.6 Mt in 2019). The share of Russia in oil imports has been decreasing during the last decade (60% in 2019 compared to more than 90% in 2010).

Poland has a refining capacity of 27 Mt/year, split into two large refineries: Płock (16 Mt/year), which produces 60% of the country's gasoline, and Gdansk (10.5 Mt/year). In ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been growing rapidly since 2014 (+6.7%/year) thanks to the economic recovery and low oil prices, reaching 29 Mt in 2019. It fell by 4.2%/year between 2010 and 2013 due to the economic slowdown, high fuel prices and a growing informal market.

Around 69% of oil products are consumed in transport and 16% in industry (including non-energy uses).

Graph: OIL ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption has been increasing more rapidly since 2014 (4%/year, against 2%/year on average between 2000 and 2014), partly because of the commissioning of new gas-fired power capacities.


Industry, including non-energy uses, consumes 34% of the country's gas. Households, services, and agriculture consume about a third of the ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Consumption of coal and lignite declined by 11% in 2019.

Coal and lignite are mainly consumed by power plants (76% in 2019). The share of industry is marginal (7%).



 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption fell by 2% in 2019. Previously, it had increased by 2.4%/year between 2009 and 2018.


Industry consumes 38% of the country's electricity, followed by services with 32% and households with 19%.


Renewable in % electricity production

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to reach a 15% share of renewables in the final consumption in 2020 (11.2% in 2018).

Poland's updated energy policy until 2040 targets 21-23% of renewables in final energy consumption in 2030 and 27% in power production by 2030. The development of new offshore wind and solar PV projects could amount to 30 GW by ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

GHG emissions, are increasing by 2.3%/year since 2014, reaching 416 Mt in 2017, which is 12% below their 1990 level; they declined by 1.5%/year over 2011-2014.

Poland, as all EU members, has a binding 40% GHG emission reduction target by 2030 compared to 1990 in its NDC. Poland's energy strategy until 2040 reaffirms this objective and adds the target of a 30% cut in CO2 emissions in ...

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