2018 Portugal Key Figures
Population: 10.3 million
GDP growth rate: 2.08 %/year
Energy independence: 27.0%
Total consumption/GDP:* 79.3 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.82 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.67%
* at purchasing power parity
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Portugal Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita is 31% lower than the EU average at 2.2 toe, 4 730 kWh of which is electricity (16% below the EU average).


Total energy consumption decreased by 3% in 2018 (at 22 Mtoe) after a 4.4% increase in 2017. Previously, it declined by 3%/year between 2005 and 2012 with the economic recession and increased ...

Portugal energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Portugal does not produce oil, and in 2018 imported 16 Mt of oil (83% of which as crude oil). In 2018, the main crude oil suppliers were Russia (20%), Angola (15%), and Saudi Arabia (8%).

The country has a refining capacity of 304 kb/d (15.2 Mt/year) distributed in two refineries located in Porto ("Matosinhos" with a capacity of about 110 000 bbl/d) and Sines (about 220 000 bbl/d). ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has remained roughly stable around 9 Mt between 2013 and 2017 and has decreased by 4% in 2018 to 8.7 Mt. It decreased rapidly between 2005 and 2012 (-6.9%/year).

The transport sector is the largest oil consumer (62% in 2018), followed by industry (17%, including non-energy uses), buildings and agriculture (9%), and the power sector (3%).

Graph: OIL ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption increased rapidly between 1997 and 2011, bringing it to 5.2 bcm, before falling rapidly (-7.6%/year) through 2014 (4.1 bcm). From 2015 to 2017, the lower hydropower availability caused a rise in total gas consumption of almost 50%. In 2018, gas consumption decreased by 7% to 5.8 bcm.

The share of gas used for power generation dropped from more than 60% until 2011 to ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Almost the totality of the coal consumption is used for power generation, and consumption levels depend on hydropower generation and price spreads with gas. Lower hydro availability led to surging coal consumption in 2011 (+38%), 2012 (+31%), 2015 (+23%), and 2017 (+17%), while higher hydropower generation and gas use reduced coal demand in 2013 (-9%), 2016 (-7%), and 2018 ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been increasing slightly since 2014 reaching 49 TWh in 2018. It decreased by 1%/year between 2008 and 2014.

In 2017, industry and services remained the largest electricity consumers with 34% each, followed by households with 26%.



Renewable in % electricity production

ADENE is the national agency responsible for renewables.

The National Energy Strategy 2020 (NES 2020) plans to increase the share of renewables to 60% of power production and to 31% of final energy consumption in 2020. By 2020, the country's solar capacity is expected to reach 1.5 GW, tidal energy 150 MW, wind capacity nearly 7 GW and cogeneration from gas 1.8 GW. The Green Growth ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

GHG emissions grew by 18% between 2014 and 2017 (to 52 MtCO2) and stood at 50 MtCO2 in 2018; they decreased steadily from 2005 to 2014 (-24%).

As other EU countries, Portugal is committed to a binding GHG emission reduction target of at least 40% by 2030 compared to 1990. In 2018, emissions were 8% higher than 1990 levels (at 50 MtCO2).


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