Portugal

2017 Portugal Key Figures
Population: 10.3 million
GDP growth rate: 2.67 %/year
Energy independence: 22.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 83.3 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.04 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.35%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita is 42% lower than the EU average, at 2.2 toe, 4 700 kWh of which is electricity (18% below the EU average).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption increased slightly between 2012 and 2016 (+0.9%/year) and then increased by 4.5% in 2017 to 23 Mtoe. Previously, it declined by 3%/year between 2005 and 2012 with the ...

Portugal energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Portugal does not produce oil, and in 2017 imported 18 Mt of oil (85% of which as crude oil). In 2017, the main crude oil suppliers were Russia (27%), Saudi Arabia (10%) and Equatorial Guinea (8%).

The country has a refining capacity of 330 kb/d (16.5 Mt/year) distributed in two refineries located in Porto ("Matosinhos" with a capacity of about 110 000 bbl/d) and Sines (about ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has remained stable since 2012 (9 Mt in 2017) after a rapid decrease between 2005 and 2012 (-6.9%/year).

The transport sector is the largest oil product consumer (57% in 2017). Industry accounts for 26% of the oil product demand (including non-energy uses), residential, services and agriculture for 10%, while the power sector accounts for just 3%.

Graph: ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption increased rapidly between 1997 and 2011, bringing it to 5.2 bcm, before falling rapidly (-7.6%/year) through 2014 (4.1 bcm). In 2015 and 2017, the lower hydropower availability spurred gas demand in the power sector by around 50%. This caused a rise in total gas consumption by 16% in 2015 (+0.7 bcm) and 26% in 2017 (+1.3 bcm).

The share of gas used for power generation ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Almost the totality of the coal consumption is used for power generation and consumption levels depend on hydropower generation, and to price spreads with gas to a lesser extent. Lower hydro availability led to surging coal consumption in 2011 (+38%), 2012 (+31%), 2015 (+23%) and 2017 (+17%), while higher hydropower generation reduced coal demand in 2013 (-8.8%) and 2016 ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption decreased between 2008 and 2014 (by 1%/year) and has been increasing slightly since then (+1% in 2016 and +3% in 2017 to 47 TWh).

In 2017, industry and services remained the largest electricity consumers with 33% and 37%, respectively, followed by households with 25%.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ...

Renewable in % electricity production

ADENE is the national agency responsible for renewables.

The National Energy Strategy 2020 (NES 2020) plans to increase the share of renewables to 60% of power production and to 31% of final energy consumption in 2020. By 2020, the country's solar capacity is expected to reach 1.5 GW, tidal energy 150 MW, wind capacity nearly 7 GW and cogeneration from gas 1.8 GW. The Green Growth ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Portugal's Kyoto target was largely reached with GHG emissions 13% above their 1990 level in 2012 (compared to a target of limiting the increase to 27%). GHG emissions, which had been decreasing steadily since 2005 (-24% between 2005 and 2014), grew by 17% since 2014 to 52 MtCO2 in 2017 (higher thermal power generation).

As other EU countries, Portugal is committed to a binding GHG ...

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