2016 Portugal Key Figures
Population: 10.3 million
GDP growth rate: 1.40 %/year
Energy independence: 26.7%
Total consumption/GDP:* 99.4 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.63 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.74%
* at purchasing power parity
Portugal Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita is 31% lower than the EU average, at 2.1 toe, 4 600 kWh of which is electricity (18% below the EU average).


Total energy consumption declined regularly between 2005 and 2012 (by 3%/year), and has been increasing slightly since then (+0.9%/year to 22 Mtoe in 2016).

The share of oil has been ...

Portugal energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Portugal does not produce oil, and in 2016 imported 18 Mt of oil (86% of which as crude oil). In 2016, the main crude oil suppliers were Angola (25%), Russia (19%), Azerbaijan and Saudi Arabia (11% each).

The country has a refining capacity of 330 kb/d (16.5 Mt/year) distributed in two refineries located in Porto ("Matosinhos" with a capacity of about 110 000 bbl/d) and Sinès (about ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has remained stable since 2012 (9.2 Mt in 2016) after a rapid decrease between 2005 and 2012 (-6.9%/year).

The transport sector is the largest oil product consumer (57% in 2016). Industry accounts for 24% of the oil product demand (including non-energy uses), while the power sector accounts for just 3%.


Graph: OIL ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption increased rapidly between 1997 and 2011, bringing it to 5.2 bcm, before falling rapidly (-7.6%/year) through 2014 (4.1 bcm). In 2015, the lower hydropower availability spurred gas demand in the power sector (+51%), raising total gas consumption by 16% to 4.7 bcm. Despite higher hydropower generation in 2016, gas consumption continued to grow (+10% to 5.2 bcm, including an ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

The totality of the coal consumption is used for power generation and consumption levels depend on hydropower generation, and to price spreads with gas to a lesser extent. Lower hydro availability led to surging coal consumption in 2011 (+38%), 2012 (+31%) and 2015 (+23%), while higher hydropower generation reduced coal demand in 2013 (-8.8%) and 2016 (-7.1% to 5.2 Mt).

Graph: COAL ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption decreased between 2008 and 2014 (by 1.1%/year) and has been increasing slightly since then (+0.6% in 2015 and +1.4% in 2016 to 47 TWh).

In 2016, industry and services remained the largest electricity consumers with 33% and 36%, respectively, followed by households with 26%.



Renewable in % electricity production

ADENE is the national agency responsible for renewables.

The National Energy Strategy 2020 (NES 2020) plans to increase the share of renewables to 60% of electricity production and to 31% of final energy consumption in 2020. According to the NES 2020, by 2020 the country's solar capacity is expected to reach 1 500 MW, tidal energy 150 MW, wind capacity nearly 7 000 MW and cogeneration ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Portugal's Kyoto target was largely reached with GHG emissions 13% above their 1990 level in 2012 (compared to a target of limiting the increase to 27%. GHG emissions, which had been decreasing steadily since 2005 (-24% between 2005 and 2014), grew by 7% in 2015 to 72 MtCO2eq (higher thermal power generation).

As other EU countries, Portugal is committed to a binding GHG emission ...

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