Romania

2016 Romania Key Figures
Population: 19.7 million
GDP growth rate: 4.96 %/year
Energy independence: 75.4%
Total consumption/GDP:* 62.3 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.53 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 13.4%
* at purchasing power parity
Romania Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is about 1.7 toe (2016), which is 47% below the EU average, and electricity consumption amounts to 2 600 kWh/cap (53% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption declined by 3.7%/year between 2006 and 2013; it has remained stable since then (33 Mtoe in 2016).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

The share of gas in the ...

Romania energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production has remained broadly stable since 2012 (3.9 Mt in 2016), after a steady decline since 2002 (-45% from 7.4 Mt in 2002). Oil imports have been rising since 2013, reaching 10 Mt in 2015 and 2016 (7.6 Mt of crude oil and 2.6 Mt of oil products).

The refining capacity has been decreasing gradually since 1992, from 640 000 bbl/d to about 470 000 bbl/d in 2016, although there ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption declined by 3.9%/year on average between 2001 and 2010 before recovering (+2.4%/year) until 2016, when it reached 9.3 Mt.

Transport is the largest oil consuming sector, accounting for 57% of oil consumption in 2016. Industry also absorbs a significant share of oil (21% in 2016).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption decreased between 2000 and 2015, at the rapid pace of 2.7%/year; it remained stable in 2016 at 11 bcm. This downward trend follows the declining demand from the industrial sector, the largest gas consumer (35% in 2016), followed by the residential and services sector (32%) and the power sector (21%).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Lignite consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2006, and has been generally decreasing since then because of the commissioning of a new nuclear unit in 2007 (-2.4%/year between 2007 and 2013). It fell by 24% in 2013, due to a lower lignite-fired power generation (higher hydro availability and growing wind power generation). Lignite consumption has been rather stable since then at ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been rising by 2.7%/year since 2009, reaching 51 TWh in 2016. It grew by 2.3%/year between 1999 and 2008.

Industry is the largest electricity consumer with 45% of total electricity consumption in 2016, followed by households with 24% and services with 18%.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) of 2010 set a target of 24% of renewables in final energy consumption by 2020 (22% of which in heating and cooling consumption, 10% in transport and 43% in power production). Romania exceeded this target in 2015 with 24.8%.

Romania adopted a new law on renewable energies in 2015, which introduces a state aid scheme regulating prices ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Romania achieved a 56% reduction in GHG emissions between 1989 (Kyoto's reference year) and 2012, compared to an 8% reduction target. GHG emissions totalled 118 MtCO2 in 2015. As an EU member, Romania has a binding 40% GHG emission reduction target by 2030 compared to 1990 (Nationally Determined Contribution).

Graph: CO2-ENERGY EMISSIONS (MtCO2)

CO2-energy emissions ...

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