2017 Romania Key Figures
Population: 19.6 million
GDP growth rate: 7.00 %/year
Energy independence: 77.7%
Total consumption/GDP:* 59.1 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.82 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 13.2%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is about 1.7 toe (2017), which is 46% below the EU average, and electricity consumption amounts to 2 450 kWh/cap (56% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption declined by 2.9%/year between 2006 and 2014; it has increased slightly since then (+1.6%/year to 33 Mtoe in 2017).


The ...

Romania energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production has remained broadly stable since 2012 at around 4 Mt (3.7 Mt in 2017), but is 49% lower than in 2002 (7.4 Mt). Oil imports have nearly doubled since 2000, reaching 11.5 Mt in 2017 (+7.2% on 2016, including 8.7 Mt of crude oil and 2.7 Mt of oil products).

The refining capacity has been decreasing gradually since 1992, from 640 000 bbl/d to about 485 000 bbl/d in 2017, ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has been increasing by 2.8%/year since 2010, reaching 9.8 Mt in 2017, before declining by 3.9%/year on average between 2001 and 2010.

Transport is the largest oil consuming sector, accounting for 60% of oil consumption in 2017. Industry absorbs 20% of this consumption.



EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption decreased between 2000 and 2015, at the rapid pace of 2.7%/year; it has been recovering since then (+1.6% in 2016 and +4.4% in 2017), reaching 12 bcm in 2017. This downward trend follows the declining demand from the power sector, once the largest gas consumer (47% in 2000 and 27% in 2017). The residential and services sector accounted for 34% of gas demand in 2017 and the ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has been generally decreasing since 2006 because of the commissioning of a new nuclear unit in 2007 and growing wind power generation (-6.3%/year between 2007 and 2013). It has been rather stable since then at around 27 Mt (with over 95% of lignite). Most of it is consumed in power plants (93% in 2017).


Graph: ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption rose by 1.5%/year between 2009 and 2016, and declined by 0.9% in 2017, reaching 48 TWh. Previously, it grew by 2.3%/year between 1999 and 2008.

Industry is the largest electricity consumer with 44% of total electricity consumption in 2017, followed by households with 24% and services with 21%.


Graph: ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) of 2010 set a target of 24% of renewables in final energy consumption by 2020 (22% of which in heating and cooling consumption, 10% in transport and 43% in power production). Romania exceeded this target in 2015 with 24.8%.

Romania adopted a new law on renewables in 2015, which introduces a state aid scheme regulating prices for small ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Romania achieved a 56% reduction in GHG emissions between 1989 (Kyoto's reference year) and 2012, compared to an 8% reduction target. GHG emissions totalled 113 MtCO2 in 2016. As an EU member, Romania has a binding 40% GHG emission reduction target by 2030 compared to 1990 (Nationally Determined Contribution).

CO2-energy emissions decreased at about the same rhythm as GHG ...

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