Romania

2018 Romania Key Figures
Population: 19.5 million
GDP growth rate: 4.10 %/year
Energy independence: 74.9%
Total consumption/GDP:* 56.1 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.65 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.4%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Energy consumption per capita is about 1.7 toe (2018), which is 45% below the EU average, and electricity consumption amounts to 2 565 kWh/cap (54% below the EU average).

Total energy consumption has increased slightly since 2014 (+1.5%/year), reaching 33.5 Mtoe in 2018; it had declined sharply between 2006 and 2014 (-2.9%/year).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE ...

Romania energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production, which had been falling by almost 6%/year between 2002 and 2012 before stabilising at around 4 Mt until 2015, is declining again by 2.8%/year (3.7 Mt in 2018).

Oil imports have doubled since 2000, reaching 12 Mt in 2018 (+5.3%, including 9.2 Mt of crude oil and 2.6 Mt of oil products).

The refining capacity stands at around 250 000 bbl/d in 2018. The output of oil ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption increased by 2.2%/year between 2010 and 2017, but dipped by 1.2% in 2018 to 9.3 Mt. It had declined by 1.8%/year between 2000 and 2010.

Transport is the largest oil consuming sector, accounting for 63% of oil consumption in 2018. Industry absorbs 17% of this consumption.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption decreased between 2000 and 2015, at the rapid pace of 2.7%/year; it has been recovering since then (+1.8%/year), reaching nearly 12 bcm in 2018. The downward trend until 2015 followed the declining demand from the power sector (-2.3%/year between 2000 and 2015), which now accounts for 28% of gas demand (2018). The residential and services sector accounted for 35% of gas ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has been rather stable since 2014 at around 27 Mt (with over 95% of lignite). It had been generally decreasing between 2006 and 2014 because of the commissioning of a new nuclear unit in 2007 and growing wind power generation.

Most of coal and lignite is consumed in power plants (94% in 2018). In 2018, improved hydropower conditions reduced coal ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been rising since 2000 (by around 1.8%/year on average apart from 2009). In 2018, it rose by 2.2% to 50 TWh.

Industry is the largest electricity consumer with 44% of total electricity consumption in 2018, followed by households with 26% and services with 18%.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) of 2010 set a target of 24% of renewables in final energy consumption by 2020 (43% for power production, 10% in transport and 22% for heating and cooling). In 2017, Romania exceeded this target with 24.5% (41.6% for electricity, 6.6% in transport, and 26.6% for heating).

According to its NECP, the country aims to raise the share of ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Romania achieved a 56% reduction in GHG emissions between 1989 (Kyoto's reference year) and 2017, to 115 MtCO2 in 2017.

As an EU member, Romania has a binding 40% GHG emission reduction target by 2030 compared to 1990 (Nationally Determined Contribution). According to Romania's draft National Energy and Climate Change Plan 2021-2030, the country aims to cut its GHG emissions under the ...

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