Russia

2018 Russia Key Figures
Population: 145 million
GDP growth rate: 2.26 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 87.5 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 11.9 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.4%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total per capita consumption reached 5.3 toe in 2018. Per capita electricity consumption was around 6 345 kWh.

Total energy consumption has been increasing rapidly since 2016, by almost 3.5%/year, to 766 Mtoe in 2018. Previously, it had decreased slightly between 2012 and 2015 (-1%/year) due to an economic slowdown and a recession in 2015.

In 2018, gas represented the largest ...

Russia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production has been increasing by 1.4%/year since 2004, from 456 Mt to 556 Mt in 2018. In 2019, preliminary data indicate stable production levels. In 2018, Russia was the world's third largest crude oil producer, after the Saudi Arabia and the USA.

In June 2018, Russia and OPEC countries agreed to produce more crude oil to help reduce prices and prevent a supply shortage. This ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption increased consistently by 2%/year between 2004 and 2018 (135 Mt in 2018). Transport is the largest consuming sector with 42% of total oil products, ahead of industry (including non-energy uses) (33%) and the residential-tertiary-agriculture sector (11%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption decreased between 2011 and 2016, but soared by 4% in 2017 and again by 6% in 2018 (489 bcm in 2018) driven by growth in the industry and residential sectors, and also others.

Gas is mainly consumed in the electricity sector (38%, i.e. the same as the 2000 level of 39%). Industry represents 20% and the residential-tertiary sector 15% (15% in 2000).

Graph: NATURAL ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption was at its lowest level ever in 2014 (199 Mt) and rose significantly since then to 223 Mt in 2018 (3%/year). Most of the coal and lignite is consumed in power plants (60% in 2018).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Total electricity consumption has increased slightly since 2010 (0.9%/year), with a net acceleration since 2015 (1.7%/year) reaching 918 TWh in 2018.

Industry is the main electricity consumer with 38% of the total (a decrease on its 2000 share of 46%), ahead of the residential sector with 19% (20% in 2000) and the tertiary sector with 18% (up compared to 2000, when it stood at 9%). ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In 2014, the Government set a target of a 2.5% share of wind and solar in electricity generation by 2020 (State Programme on Energy Efficiency and Energy Development), which implied about 14.7 GW of new renewable capacity by 2020. This target will not be reached, with only around 1.2 GW currently planned or under construction.

In 2016, the government set the available capacity for ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2015, Russia submitted to the UNFCCC its 2030 INDC, which aims to limit GHG emissions to 70-75% of 1990 levels by the year 2030 (presidential decree N°752). Russia ratified the Paris agreement in September 2019. Considering the fall in emissions observed in the 1990s and the role played by forestry in Russia, the current INDC objective does not seem ambitious, since it could just lead to ...

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