Saudi Arabia

2018 Saudi Arabia Key Figures
Population: 33.7 million
GDP growth rate: 2.22 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 110 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 15.6 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.58%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita is very high, reaching 6.1 toe in 2018, including about 9 MWh of electricity.

Total energy consumption has been decreasing since then (205 Mtoe in 2018) due to subsidy cuts and economic slowdown among others. It increased rapidly until 2015 (5.6%/year since 2000), driven by high sustained economic growth, combined with low energy prices.


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Saudi Arabia is the second largest oil producer in the world behind the United States, with 575 Mt in 2018 (crude oil and NGL). Production has increased by an average 1.6%/year since 2000, but it is overall dependant on OPEC production cuts. Crude oil represents 88% of the total production, while the rest is made up of NGL.

Saudi Aramco's production capacity has been heavily affected ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Renewable in % electricity production

KACARE oversees renewable programmes. In January 2019, it announced the objective of reaching 60 GW of renewables by 2030, of which 40 GW from solar sources. Prior to that, the "Saudi Vision 2030" program aimed at generating 10% of its total production from renewable sources by 2023, which implied the deployment of 9.5 GW of capacity from solar and wind. In September 2019, it was announced ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

According to its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC), Saudi Arabia intends to achieve a reduction in emissions of 130 MtCO2eq by 2030 as compared to a BAU scenario.

CO2-energy emissions increased strongly between 1990 and 2015 (+5%/year on average) and then remained stable afterwards before decreasing in 2018 (533 MtCO2). Per capita CO2 emissions are among the highest in the ...

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