2018 Singapore Key Figures
Population: 5.66 million
GDP growth rate: 3.14 %/year
Energy independence: 1.84%
Total consumption/GDP:* 84.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 10.8 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 0.97%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is about 5.9 toe (2018), including 8 900 kWh of electricity in 2018.

Oil has a dominant share in the country's total energy consumption, with 64% in 2018. However, its share has fallen due to the increased demand for gas (from 6% in 2000 to 32% in 2018). Biomass and coal have shares of 2% and 1%, respectively.


Singapore energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

In spite of the absence of oil resources, Singapore is a major oil hub in Asia. It is the world's third largest oil products trading place. Thanks to its geographical position, at the extremity of the Strait of Malacca and on the shipping routes connecting the Middle Eastern producing countries to the Southeast Asian importing countries, Singapore is a key crossing point for oil trade. ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Renewable in % electricity production

In October 2019, the government announced a target of 2 GW of rooftop solar PV by 2030. Development would be supported through the SolarNova programme. The Housing and Development Board (HDB) plans to install PV panels on half of its rooftops in the coming years. The city state also plans to double the floating solar capacity to 160 MW and to add 200 MW of energy storage system (ESS) by ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Singapore ratified the Paris Agreement in 2016. In its NDC, the country aims to reduce the GHG emission intensity by 36% from 2005 levels by 2030, with an aim of achieving peak emissions around 2030.

In its National Climate Change Strategy of 2012, Singapore aimed at a 7% reduction in GHG emissions to 11% below the 2020 BaU levels. The power sector was expected to contribute close to ...

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