2016 Singapore Key Figures
Population: 5.61 million
GDP growth rate: 2.00 %/year
Energy independence: 2.59%
Total consumption/GDP:* 71.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 9.15 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 2.09%
* at purchasing power parity
Singapore Related Analysis
Singapore Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita is about 4.7 toe (2016), including 8 672 kWh of electricity in 2016.

Oil has a dominant share in the country's total energy consumption, with 60% in 2016. However, its share has fallen due to the increased demand for gas. The share of gas increased from 6% in 2000 to 36% in 2016. Coal and biomass have shares of 1% and 3%, respectively.

Graph: ...

Singapore energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

In spite of the absence of resources on its territory, Singapore is a major oil hub in Asia. It is the world's third largest oil products trading place. Thanks to its geographical position, at the extremity of the Strait of Malacca and on the shipping routes connecting the Middle Eastern producing countries to the Southeast Asian importing countries, Singapore is a key crossing point for ...

Asia Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Renewable in % electricity production

Singapore aims to develop its solar energy industry. It launched several incentives for R&D, test-bedding and demonstration programmes. The Solar Energy Research Institute of Singapore, which was created in 2008, conducts research, development, testing and consulting in the fields of solar energy conversion and solar building technologies.

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Singapore acceded to the Kyoto Protocol in 2006 and ratified the Paris Agreement in September, which came into effect in December 2016.

In 2012, Singapore published its National Climate Change Strategy with the aim of reducing emissions by 7% to 11% below the 2020 business-as-usual levels. The power sector is expected to contribute close to half of the emission reduction. In the ...

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