South Africa

2018 South Africa Key Figures
Population: 57.6 million
GDP growth rate: 0.76 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 86.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.46 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.38%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita peaked in 2008 at around 3 toe per capita and has been following a decreasing trend since then reaching 2.4 toe in 2018.

Following the electricity crisis and a peak of 4 500 kWh in 2007, electricity consumption per capita decreased and stood at nearly 3 600 kWh in 2018.

Total energy consumption peaked at 147 Mtoe in 2008 and subsequently ...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Total oil production was 5.5 Mt in 2018. It mostly comes from synthetic fuels, as conventional production of crude oil is marginal.

The country has a refining capacity of 560 000 bbl/d, with four refineries: Chevref (sold by Chevron to Glencore in 2018; 110 000 bbl/d), Engen Petroleum (165 000 bbl/d), Natref (105 000 bbl/d) and Sapref (180 000 bbl/d).

The country also has two ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Since 2010, oil product consumption followed an increasing trend of around 2%/year, reaching about 30 Mt in 2018.

Transport absorbs 68% of that consumption.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2017, although with strong fluctuations; it decreased in 2018 to 5.4 bcm. Gas is mainly used in the industry sector (62% of gas consumption).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Since 2008, coal consumption has remained in a range of 185-200 Mt (186 Mt in 2018). Approximately 66% of the coal is consumed by power plants. It increased by 3%/year between 2000 and 2008.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been stable since 2012 (208 TWh in 2018). It increased at a regular rate of 2%/year, on average, between 2000 and 2007, but decreased by 6% during the power crisis (2007-2009).

Industry is the main electricity consumer (56%), followed by the residential sector (18%) and the services sector (14%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Programme (REIPPP) consists of the development of renewables through a bidding system.

In a first phase, it targeted the installation of 3 725 MW in 2016, mostly from wind (1 850 MW) and solar (1 650 MW). The overall target was met (+400 MW for solar and -400 MW for wind).

In a second phase, 3 200 MW were added to the scheme, which ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In its NDC, South Africa is committed to unconditionally keep its GHG emissions between 398 MtCO2eq and 614 Mt CO2eq by 2025 and 2030. These efforts will lead GHG emissions to peak between 2020 and 2025, plateau for a ten-year period from 2025 to 2035 and decline from 2036 onwards.

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion increased quickly until 2008 (+69% compared to 1990), before ...

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