South Africa

2018 South Africa Key Figures
Population: 57.5 million
GDP growth rate: 0.79 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 85.9 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.69 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.34%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita peaked in 2009 at 2.8 toe per capita and then progressively decreased to 2.3 toe in 2015. It remained at the same level until 2018.

Electricity consumption per capita peaked at 4 400 kWh in 2007 before decreasing by 18% to 3 600 kWh in 2018.

Since 2015, total energy consumption has been growing by 1.6%/year to 133 Mtoe in 2018. Previously, ...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Total oil production was 5.4 Mt in 2018. It mostly comes from synthetic fuels, as conventional production of crude oil is marginal.

The country imported 18.7 Mt of crude oil, mostly from Saudi Arabia (44%), Nigeria (33%), and Angola (11%) and 9.8 Mt of petroleum products in 2018.

The country has a refining capacity of 523 000 bbl/d, with four refineries: Sapref (180 000 bbl/d), ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Since 2011, oil consumption has been increasing by 1.8%/year, with some fluctuations, to reach 27 Mt in 2018.

Transport accounts for 69% of that consumption, followed by industry (18%).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption has decreased by 3.4%/year since 2016 to 5.1 bcm. Previously, it rose, despite strong fluctuations, at the average pace of 16%/year between 2004 and 2016.

Gas is mainly used in the energy sector (GTL plant) (61%).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Since 2008, coal consumption has remained in a range of 185-205 Mt (190 Mt in 2018). Approximately 62% of the coal is consumed by power plants.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

After a 1.1%/year decrease over 2012-2016, electricity consumption increased by 0.6%/year in 2016-2018, to 208 TWh.

Industry is the main electricity consumer (57%), followed by the residential sector (19%) and the services sector (14%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

Renewable in % electricity production

The IRP2019 targets the addition of 9.5 GW of wind and 6.5 GW solar capacity by 2030. Wind will account for 15.7% of installed capacity in 2030 and solar for 10.5%.

The Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Programme (REIPPP) consists of the development of renewables through a bidding system.

In a first phase, it targeted the installation of 3 725 MW in 2016, mostly from ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In its NDC, South Africa is committed to unconditionally keep its GHG emissions between 398 MtCO2eq and 614 Mt CO2eq by 2025 and 2030. These efforts will lead GHG emissions to peak between 2020 and 2025, plateau for a ten-year period from 2025 to 2035 and decline from 2036 onwards.

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion increased quickly until 2008 (+71% compared to 1990), before ...

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