South Africa

2017 South Africa Key Figures
Population: 56.8 million
GDP growth rate: 0.70 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 83.3 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.52 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.65%
* at purchasing power parity
South Africa Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita peaked in 2008 at around 3 toe per capita and has been following a decreasing trend since then reaching 2.5 toe in 2017.

Following the electricity crisis and a peak of 4 500 kWh in 2007, electricity consumption per capita decreased and stood at nearly 3 700 kWh/cap in 2017.

Total energy consumption peaked at 147 Mtoe in 2008 and subsequently ...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Conventional production of crude oil is marginal (8 000 bbl/d in 2016). Most of the oil production comes from synthetic fuels (185 000 bbl/d). Total oil production was 5.5 Mt in 2017.

The country has a refining capacity of approximately 560 000 bbl/d, with four refineries: Chevref (110 000 bbl/d), Enref (165 000 bbl/d), Natref (105 000 bbl/d) and Sapref (180 000 bbl/d). The country ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Since 2010, oil product consumption followed an increasing trend of around 2%/year, reaching about 27 Mt in 2017. Transport absorbs about 66% of that consumption.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2010 although with strong fluctuations; its level has stabilized since then, at around 5.3 bcm. Gas is mainly used for the synthetic production of gasoline in GTL plants (59% of gas consumption).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Between 2000 and 2008, coal consumption increased by 3%/year, on average, reaching a peak of 200 Mt in 2008. Since then, it has remained slightly below 200 Mt (188 Mt in 2017). Approximately 2/3 of the coal is consumed by power plants.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption stopped increasing in 2007: at 209 TWh in 2017, it is still below its 2007 level of 219 TWh. It increased at a regular rate of 2%/year, on average, between 2000 and 2007, but decreased by 6% during the power crisis (2007-2009). Industry is the main electricity consumer (58%), followed by the residential sector (18%) and the services sector (14%).

Graph: ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In 2003 the Government published a "White Paper on Renewable Energy" which set a production target of 10 TWh from renewables in 2013. The objective was only reached in 2016 (10.5 TWh, incl. hydro).

The Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Programme (REIPPP) consists of the development of renewables through a bidding system. In a first phase, it targeted the installation of ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Following the COP21 in 2015, South Africa ratified the Paris Agreement in November 2016 and submitted its NDC, in which the country committed to unconditionally keep its GHG emissions between 398 MtCO2eq and 614 Mt CO2eq by 2025 and 2030. These efforts will lead GHG emissions to peak between 2020 and 2025, plateau for a ten-year period from 2025 to 2035 and decline from 2036 ...

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