South Africa

2016 South Africa Key Figures
Population: 55.7 million
GDP growth rate: 0.12 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 87.3 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 7.84 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 9.05%
* at purchasing power parity
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South Africa Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total energy consumption per capita peaked in 2008 at around 3 toe per capita and has been following a decreasing trend since then reaching 2.6 toe in 2016.

Following the electricity crisis and a peak of 4 500 kWh in 2007, electricity consumption per capita decreased and stands at 3 700 ...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Conventional production of crude oil is marginal (8 000 bbl/d in 2016). Most of the oil production comes from synthetic fuels (185 000 bbl/d). Total oil production was 5.8 Mt in 2016.

The country has a refining capacity of approximately 560 000 bbl/d, with four refineries: Chevref (110 ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Since 2010, oil product consumption increased at the regular pace of about 3.7%/year, before declining to 26 Mt in 2016. Transport absorbs about 66% of that consumption.



EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2010 although with strong fluctuations; its level has stabilized since then, at around 5 bcm. Gas is mainly used for the synthetic production of gasoline (about 60% of gas consumption).



EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Between 2000 and 2008, coal consumption increased by 3%/year, on average, reaching a peak of 200 Mt in 2008. Since then, it has remained slightly below 200 Mt (194 Mt in 2016). Approximately 2/3 of the coal is consumed by power plants.



 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption stopped increasing in 2007: at 205 TWh in 2016, it is still below its 2007 level of 219 TWh. It increased at a regular rate of 2%/year, on average, between 2000 and 2007, but during the power crisis (2007-2009) it decreased by 6%. Industry is the main electricity consumer...

Renewable in % electricity production

In 2003 the Government published a "White Paper on Renewable Energy" which set a production target of 10 TWh from renewables in 2013. The objective was only reached in 2015 (7.7 TWh, incl. hydro).

The Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Programme (REIPPP) consists...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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