Spain

2018 Spain Key Figures
Population: 46.4 million
GDP growth rate: 2.65 %/year
Energy independence: 27.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 75.7 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.49 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.0%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

In 2018, total consumption per capita was 2.7 toe (15% lower than the EU average) and electricity consumption per capita was 5 200 kWh (7% below the EU average).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption has been rising since 2014 by 1.8%/year (-0.3% in 2018) to 123 Mtoe in 2018, which is still 15% below its pre-crisis level in 2007. It ...

Spain energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production is very low (around 90 kt in 2018). Crude oil imports remained rather stable around 58 Mt/year between 2000 and 2011 and have increased by 3.3%/year since then, to 71 Mt in 2018 (+2.5% in 2018). Three suppliers accounted for more than 1/3 of crude imports in 2017: Mexico (15%), Nigeria (14%), and Saudi Arabia (10%).

Spain has 9 oil refineries with a total capacity of ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption decreased by 5.2%/year between 2007 and 2014 and has been recovering since then (+3%/year) to 52 Mt in 2018 (+2.6% in 2018). It is, however, still 23% below its peak of 68 Mt in 2005.

Nearly 60% of the oil consumption is absorbed by the transport sector (58% in 2018), with power plants accounting for just 6% of oil demand.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

The country's gas consumption rose rapidly between 2014 and 2017 (+5%/year), but dipped by 0.8% to 31 bcm in 2018 (11% fall in the demand for power generation due to abundant hydropower and 5% higher consumption in industry). Gas consumption fell rapidly between 2008 and 2014 (-6.3%/year) after an 11%/year surge between 2000 and 2008 with the rapid development of CCGTs.

The power ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

More than 85% of the coal and lignite consumed go to electricity production and the rest to industry. This consumption depends on coal and gas prices, coal-fired unit closures (as in 2016), and hydropower availability: lower hydropower generation in 2015 and 2017 raised coal demand by 13% and 18%, respectively (up to 23 Mt in 2017). In 2018, the 74% surge in hydropower generation led to a ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

The country's electricity consumption has recovered slightly since 2014, growing by 1.3%/year to 243 TWh in 2017. It remained stable in 2018 (+0.3%). It decreased by 1.8%/year between 2008 and 2014 after very rapid growth between 2000 and 2008 (3.7%/year).

The share of electricity in final energy consumption regularly increases (24% in 2018, compared to 18% in 1990).

Graph: ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the National Action Plan for Renewable Energies (PANER) of 2010, the share of renewables in final energy consumption should increase to 22.7% by 2020 (18.9% for heating and cooling, 13.6% in transport and 40% for electricity). In 2017, renewables covered 17.5% of final consumption (17.5% for heating and cooling, 5.9% in transport and 36% for electricity).

Under the ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Spain's Kyoto target (GHG emissions increase below 15%) was not reached as emissions were 24% above their 1990 level in 2012. GHG emissions were still 16% above in 2016 at 340 Mt, despite a sharp fall since the economic downturn (-25% between 2007 and 2016). GHG emissions rose by 4.4% in 2017, as coal-fired power generation had to offset lower hydro resources and as road transport emissions ...

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