Spain

2017 Spain Key Figures
Population: 46.4 million
GDP growth rate: 3.07 %/year
Energy independence: 26.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 77.0 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.62 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.00%
* at purchasing power parity
Spain Related Research

Total Energy consumption

In 2017, total consumption per capita was 2.6 toe (16% lower than the EU average) and electricity consumption per capita was 5 250 kWh (6% below the EU average).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

Total energy consumption decreased sharply between 2007 and 2014 with the economic downturn (-3.2%/year), but has been rising since then by 2%/year to 122 Mtoe in ...

Spain energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production is very low (around 120 kt in 2017). Crude oil imports remained rather stable around 58 Mt/year between 2000 and 2011 and have increased by 3.4%/year since then, to 69 Mt in 2017 (+2.6% on 2016). Three suppliers accounted for more than 1/3 of crude imports in 2017: Mexico (15%), Nigeria (14%), and Saudi Arabia (10%).

Spain has 9 oil refineries with a total capacity of ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption decreased by 5.2%/year between 2007 and 2014 and has been recovering since then (+3%/year) to 51 Mt in 2017 (+0.7% in 2017). It is, however, still 25% below its peak of 68 Mt in 2005.

Nearly 60% of the oil consumption is absorbed by the transport sector (58% in 2017), with power plants accounting for just 7% of oil demand.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

The country's gas consumption, which surged by 11% year between 2000 and 2008 in line with the development of CCGT power plants, fell rapidly between 2008 and 2014 (-6.3%/year). It has been rising since 2014 (+5%/year), reaching 32 bcm in 2017. In 2017, gas consumption rose by nearly 10%, as demand from the power sector soared by 27% and improved economic conditions raised industrial demand ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

More than 85% of the coal and lignite consumed go into electricity production; the remaining amount is mainly used by industry. Coal and lignite consumption collapsed (-65%) between 2007 and 2010. Following the 2011 royal decree setting the amount and price of coal to be burned in power plants, coal consumption rose by 70% in 2011 and 15% in 2012, but collapsed by 26% in 2013 following the ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

The country's electricity consumption decreased between 2008 and 2014 (-1.8%/year), but has recovered slightly since then, growing by 1.4%/year to 243 TWh in 2017 (+1.3% in 2017). It experienced very rapid growth between 2000 and 2008 (3.7%/year).

The share of electricity in final energy consumption regularly increases (25% in 2017, compared to 18% in 1990).

Graph: ELECTRICITY ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the National Action Plan for Renewable Energies (PANER) of 2010, the share of renewables in final energy consumption should increase to 22.7% by 2020 (18.9% for heating and cooling, 13.6% in transport and 40% in power generation).


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Spain's Kyoto target to limit the increase in its GHG emissions to 15% was not reached as emissions were 25% above their 1990 level in 2012. GHG emissions were still 19% above in 2015 at 350 Mt, despite a sharp fall since the economic downturn (-23% between 2007 and 2015). Ahead of the COP 21, Spain announced a binding target of a GHG emission reduction of at least 40% by 2030 compared to ...

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