2016 Spain Key Figures
Population: 46.4 million
GDP growth rate: 3.24 %/year
Energy independence: 28.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 77.7 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.28 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 10.00%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

In 2016, total consumption per capita was 2.6 toe (18% lower than the EU average) and electricity consumption per capita was 5 200 kWh (7% below the EU average).



Spain energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production is very low (around 140 kt in 2016). Crude oil imports remained rather stable around 58 Mt/year between 2000 and 2011 and have increased by 4.6%/year since then, to 68 Mt in 2015 (-0.6% in 2016 to 67 Mt). Three suppliers accounted for more than 1/3 of crude imports in 2016: Mexico...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption decreased by 5.2%/year between 2007 and 2014 and has been recovering since then (+4.2%/year) to 50 Mt in 2016. It is, however, still 25% below its peak of 68 Mt in 2005.

Nearly 60% of the oil consumption is absorbed by the transport sector (57% in 2016), with power plants...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

The country's gas consumption fell rapidly (-6.3%/year) between 2008 and 2014, but grew in 2015 and 2016 by 3.6% (+18% in the power sector) and 1.8% (+2.9% in industrial consumption), respectively, reaching 29 bcm in 2016. In 2016, gas consumption stood at 28% below its peak level in 2008.

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

More than 80% of the coal and lignite consumed go into electricity production; the remaining amount is mainly used by industry. Coal and lignite consumption collapsed (-65%) between 2007 and 2010. Following the 2011 royal decree setting the amount and price of coal to be burned in power plants,...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

The country's electricity consumption decreased between 2008 and 2014 (-1.8%/year), but has recovered slightly since then, growing by 2.2% in 2015 and by 0.8% in 2016. It experienced very rapid growth between 2000 and 2008 (3.7%/year).

The share of electricity in final energy consumption...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the National Action Plan for Renewable Energies (PANER) of 2010, the share of renewables in final energy consumption should increase to 22.7% by 2020 (18.9% for heating and cooling, 13.6% in transport and 40% in power generation).

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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