Sweden

2017 Sweden Key Figures
Population: 10.0 million
GDP growth rate: 2.40 %/year
Energy independence: 74.7%
Total consumption/GDP:* 75.0 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.81 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 4.60%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

In 2017, total energy consumption per capita was 4.9 toe, which is 56% above the EU average. At 13 400 kWh, the country's electricity consumption per capita is the second highest in the EU (2.4 times higher than the EU average).

Graph: CONSUMPTION TRENDS BY ENERGY SOURCE (Mtoe)

The country's total consumption remained relatively stable between 2001 and 2012, at around ...

Sweden energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Sweden does not produce oil. In 2017 Sweden imported 20 Mt of crude oil, mainly from Russia (35%), Norway (28%), Nigeria (12%) and Denmark (9%). Sweden is a net exporter of refined products (around 7.5 Mt in 2017), since the country's refining production continuously exceeds its domestic demand.

Sweden has a refining capacity of 469 000 bbl/d distributed over five ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products fell by 35% between 2002 and 2015 (-3.3%/year), bringing it to 10 Mt: 50% of the decrease occurred in industry, 33% in the residential/services sector and just 10% in transport. Yearly oil consumption has remained close to 10 Mt since 2013 and stood at 10.1 Mt in 2017.

Since 2010, diesel is the most used fuel in transport with a consumption around 50% ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

The consumption of natural gas spiked from 1.1 bcm in 2009 to 1.6 bcm in 2010, due to a 68% rise in natural gas use for electricity production following the commissioning of the Öresund power plant. Consumption has fallen since then, partly due to the high hydropower production, bringing natural gas consumption to 0.9 bcm in 2015 (-3%). After an 11% hike in 2016, gas consumption fell again ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption has been fluctuating around 4.5 Mt/year from 2001 to 2010 before falling by 25% in two years. Since 2012, coal consumption decreased by roughly 3% per year to 3.2 Mt in 2016 and went up slightly to 3.3 Mt in 2017.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (MT)

Industry (mainly the steel industry) accounted for 58% of the consumption in 2017, while the electricity sector ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption decreased between 2007 and 2014, representing a drop of 10 TWh. It has been rising since then to 134 TWh in 2016 (stable in 2017). Two thirds of the 2007-2014 reduction came from industry, which contracted by 2.1%/year, on average, between 2007 and 2014, representing 80% of the fall (8 TWh). Only the services sector recorded an increase in its electricity consumption ...

Renewable in % electricity production

STEM is also in charge of implementing the renewable energy policy and is the accounting authority for certificates and guarantees of origin since 2015.

According to the EU Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 55% by 2020. This was achieved as early as 2011 and the share of renewables amounted to 53.8% in ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The country has easily reached its Kyoto requirement of a 4% increase in GHG emissions, achieving a level of emissions 21% below their 1990 level in 2012. In 2016, GHG emissions were 24% lower than in 1990.

By 2020, Sweden targets to reduce GHG emissions of activities not covered by the EU-ETS by 40% compared to 1990. The reduction will be made through emission reductions in Sweden ...

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