2016 Sweden Key Figures
Population: 9.90 million
GDP growth rate: 3.18 %/year
Energy independence: 70.0%
Total consumption/GDP:* 103 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.78 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.52%
* at purchasing power parity
Sweden Related Research

Total Energy consumption

In 2016, total energy consumption per capita was 5 toe, which is 59% above the EU average. At 13 300 kWh, the country's electricity consumption per capita is the second highest in the EU (2.5 times higher than the EU average).


The country's total consumption remained relatively stable between 2001 and 2012, at around ...

Sweden energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Sweden does not produce oil. In 2016 Sweden imported 14 Mt of crude oil, mainly from Russia (42%), Norway (24%) and Demark (14%). Sweden is a net exporter of refined products (around 4.6 Mt in 2016), since the country's refining production continuously exceeds its domestic demand.

Sweden has a refining capacity of 469 000 bbl/d distributed over five refineries.

Sweden has a ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products fell by 35% between 2002 and 2015 (-3.3%/year), bringing it to 10 Mt: 50% of the decrease occurred in industry, 33% in the residential/services sector and just 10% in transport. Oil consumption increased by 3% in 2016.

Since 2010 diesel is the most used fuel in transport with a consumption 50% higher than gasoline (2015): between 2002 and 2013, gasoline ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

The consumption of natural gas spiked from 1.1 bcm in 2009 to 1.6 bcm in 2010, due to a 68% rise in natural gas use for electricity production following the commissioning of the Öresund power plant. Consumption has fallen since then, partly due to the high hydropower production, bringing natural gas consumption to 0.9 bcm in 2015 (-3% in 2015). However, it recovered in 2016 and increased by ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption has been fluctuating around 4.5 Mt/year from 2001 to 2010 before falling by 25% in two years. Since 2012, coal consumption decreased by 3% per year to 3.2 Mt in 2016.


Industry (mainly the steel industry) accounted for 61% of the consumption in 2016, while the electricity sector represented 31%.


 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has decreased between 2007 and 2014, representing a drop of 10 TWh. It stagnated in 2015and increased by 5% in 2016 up to 131 TWh. Two thirds of the 2007-2014 reduction came from industry, which contracted by 2.1%/year, on average, between 2007 and 2014, representing 80% of the fall (8 TWh). Only the services sector recorded an increase in its electricity consumption ...

Renewable in % electricity production

STEM is also in charge of implementing the renewable energy policy and is the accounting authority for certificates and guarantees of origin since 2015.

According to the EU Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 49% by 2020. This was achieved as early as 2011 and the share of renewables amounted to 52.6% in 2014. ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The country has easily reached its Kyoto requirement of a 4% increase in GHG emissions, achieving a level of emissions 21% below their 1990 level in 2012. In 2015, GHG emissions were 23% lower than in 1990.

By 2020, Sweden targets to reduce GHG emissions of activities not covered by the EU-ETS by 40% compared to 1990. The reduction will be made through emission reductions in Sweden ...

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