2018 Sweden Key Figures
Population: 10.2 million
GDP growth rate: 2.34 %/year
Energy independence: 74.1%
Total consumption/GDP:* 74.6 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.85 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 5.51%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

In 2018, total energy consumption per capita was 4.9 toe, which is 56% above the EU average. At 13 400 kWh, the country's electricity consumption per capita is the second highest in the EU (2.4 times higher than the EU average).


The country's total consumption remained relatively stable between 2001 and 2012, at around ...

Sweden energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Sweden does not produce oil. In 2018, Sweden imported 21 Mt of crude oil, mainly from Russia (34%), Norway (27%), and Nigeria (18%). Sweden is a net exporter of refined products (around 6 Mt in 2018), since the country's refining production continuously exceeds its domestic demand.

Sweden has a refining capacity of 469 000 bbl/d distributed over five refineries.

Sweden has a ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

The consumption of oil products has remained stable since 2013 at close to 10 Mt (10.6 Mt in 2018). It fell by 35% between 2002 and 2015 (-3.3%/year), bringing it to 10 Mt: 50% of the decrease occurred in industry, 33% in the residential/services sector and just 10% in transport. Oil consumption.

Since 2010, diesel is the most used fuel in transport with consumption more than twice ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption spiked from 1.1 bcm in 2009 to 1.6 bcm in 2010, due to a 68% rise in natural gas use for electricity production following the commissioning of the Öresund power plant. Since then, consumption has fallen due partly to high hydro-electricity production, bringing natural gas consumption to 0.8 bcm in 2018 (-49%).


EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption has been declining steadily since 2012 by roughly 2% per year, down to 3.1 Mt in 2018. It had been fluctuating around 4.5 Mt/year from 2001 to 2010 before falling by 25% until 2012.


Industry (mainly steel) accounted for 62% of the consumption in 2018, while the power sector represented 47%.


 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption started rising in 2014 and reached 134 TWh in 2018 (+ 1.4%/year). It decreased between 2007 and 2014, representing a drop of 10 TWh. It. Two thirds of the 2007-2014 reduction came from industry, which contracted by 2.1%/year, on average, between 2007 and 2014, representing 80% of the fall (8 TWh). Only the services sector recorded an increase in its electricity ...

Renewable in % electricity production

STEM is also in charge of implementing the renewable energy policy and is the accounting authority for certificates and guarantees of origin since 2015.

According to the EU Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final consumption to 55% by 2020. This was achieved in 2011, a level at which it remained in 2017.

In addition, in 2015, ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The country has easily reached its Kyoto requirement of a 4% decrease in GHG emissions, achieving a level of emissions 20% below their 1990 level in 2012. In 2017 GHG emissions were 26% lower than in 1990.

By 2020, Sweden targets to reduce GHG emissions of activities not covered by the EU-ETS by 40% compared to 1990 (Integrated Climate and Energy policy, 2009). The reduction will be ...

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