Tunisia

2017 Tunisia Key Figures
Population: 11.5 million
GDP growth rate: 1.96 %/year
Energy independence: 48.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 98.4 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 2.31 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 18.3%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

The country's per capita consumption is 1 toe, which is 5 times lower than the EU average. Its per capita electricity consumption is 1 429 kWh (2017).

Total energy consumption increased rapidly between 2000 and 2010, and since 2012 (around 2.3%/year; it decreased by 4.5% in 2011 due to the economic recession).

Gas market share in total energy consumption increased rapidly ...

Tunisia energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Since 2007, oil production has decreased regularly, falling from 4.6 Mt to 2.1 Mt in 2017. Oil production strongly increased in 2007 (+40%) through the exploitation of several small wells in southern Tunisia, mainly the offshore field of Oudna (80 km from the coastline in the Gulf of Hammamet, with a production of around 15 000 bbl/d).

The refining capacity is not adapted to the ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption increased very rapidly between 2012 and 2015, by 7%/year. In 2016, it decreased slightly to 4.4 Mtoe and rebounded in 2017 to 2015 levels, 4.7 Mtoe. Transport accounts for 50% of this consumption (2017).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption increased very strongly between 2000 and 2010 (over 7%/year) before decreasing between 2012 and 2015 (-1.5%/year). In 2016 and 2017, it increased again by 4%/year, and stood at 6.3 bcm (2017). The main gas market continues to be electricity production (69% in 2017).

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption has almost completely disappeared. Coal was mainly used in the cement industry, where it was replaced by petroleum coke.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased rapidly from 2000 to 2014 (by about 4%/year) before slowing down to an average increase of 2%/year. In 2017, electricity consumption stood at 16.5 TWh. Industry accounts for about 33% of the consumption, followed by the residential sector (29%), and the services sector (27%) (2017).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY ...

Renewable in % electricity production

In the framework of the 2016-2030 PST, the Parliament adopted in 2015 a law on renewable power generation aimed at covering 12% by 2020 and 30% by 2030 of its power mix with renewables (corresponding to a capacity of 3.8 GW and an investment of US$7.1bn between 2016 and 2030); the PST is expected to save 16 Mtoe over the 2016-2030 period.

This law enables foreign and Tunisian ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In the framework of COP21 and the country's efforts to fight climate change, Tunisia set an NDC (Nationally Determined Contribution) commitment of a 13% carbon intensity reduction in 2030 compared to 2010 and a 41% reduction if international financing is provided.

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion increased regularly by 3.1%/year between 1990-2015. They decreased by 1.7% in 2016, but ...

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