Turkey

2017 Turkey Key Figures
Population: 80.8 million
GDP growth rate: 5.11 %/year
Energy independence: 28.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 101 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.91 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 14.0%
* at purchasing power parity
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Turkey Related Analysis
  • 14/02/2013 - Turkey Gas Market
    2012 Key Figures Population: 73.7 million GDP growth rate: 8.5% Energy independence: 29% Total consumption/GDP: 107.4 (2005=100) CO2 Emissions: 8.7 ...
Turkey Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total consumption per capita was around 1.9 toe in 2017 (of which3 000 kWh of electricity) compared to about 3.1 toe for the EU.

Total energy consumption increased at an average rate of around 4%/year between 2000 and 2017, reaching 152 Mtoe.

Oil is the main energy consumed, with a share of 30% in total consumption. The share of coal and lignite has remained stable at around 30% ...

Turkey energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Turkey covers just 7% of its total oil needs with a production of 3 Mt of crude oil (2017). In 2017, net crude and oil product imports reached 45 Mt (+6.3%/year since 2010). Crude accounts for about 57% of that amount. Crude oil imports mainly come from Iran (51%), Kuwait (11%), Saudi Arabia (11%) and Iraq (10%) (Q1-Q3 2018).

Turkey has a strategic position for the transit of oil. It ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has grown rapidly since 2010 (5.5%/year) reaching 43 Mt in 2017, mainly driven by the transport sector. Oil consumption was roughly stable between 1995 and 2010, at around 30 Mt.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The transport sector's share of the oil demand has increased from 38% in 2000 to around 60% in 2014, and has stabilized since then (61% in ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption grew very rapidly until 2014, from around 15 bcm in 2000 to 49 bcm in 2014 (around 9%/year). Consumption decreased in 2015 and 2016 because of increased power generation from renewables and coal, but rose again to 53 bcm in 2017 to compensate for low hydroelectric generation. Around 43% of the gas is used to produce electricity (2017). Households and services recorded the ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption increased by 45% between 2015 and 2017 (134 Mt), driven by the rising power plant demand. Of the total demand, 81% is used to produce electricity, 10% is consumed by industry and the remainder by the residential and tertiary sector.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption is growing very rapidly (5.5%/year since 2000), reaching 242 TWh in 2017. Industry absorbs 46% of the total (2017), followed by the services and residential sectors (28% and 22%, respectively, in 2017).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

Renewable in % electricity production

The General Directorate of Renewable Energy of the MENR is in charge of implementing policy on renewables.

Turkey aims to produce 30% of its electricity from renewables by 2023, according to its Electricity Market and Security of Supply Strategy. This target was already surpassed in Q3 2017 with 32%.

In 2005, Turkey introduced its first law on Renewable Energy Resources. This ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2010 Turkey adopted a strategy plan which includes a 7% emission reduction target for the power sector by 2020 compared to a reference scenario.

In 2015, Turkey submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) with the objective of reducing GHG emissions by 21% compared with a BAU scenario by 2030. This objective corresponds to a 116% increase from 2012 ...

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