Turkey

2016 Turkey Key Figures
Population: 79.5 million
GDP growth rate: 2.88 %/year
Energy independence: 27.0%
Total consumption/GDP:* 95.1 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.38 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 14.0%
* at purchasing power parity
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Turkey Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Total consumption per capita was around 1.7 toe in 2016 (of which 2 900 kWh of electricity) compared to about 3.1 toe for the EU.

Total energy consumption increased at an average rate of around 4%/year between 2000 and 2016, reaching 136 Mtoe.

Oil is the main energy consumed, with...

Turkey energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Turkey covers just 10% of its total oil needs with a production of 3 Mt of crude oil (2016). In 2016, net crude and oil product imports reached 42 Mt (+29% compared to 2014). Crude accounts for about 58% of that amount. Crude oil imports mainly come from Iran (48%) and Iraq (27%) (Q1-Q3 2017)....

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has grown rapidly since 2010 (5.5%/year) reaching 43 Mt in 2017, mainly driven by the transport sector. Oil consumption was roughly stable between 1995 and 2010, at around 30 Mt.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

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EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption grew very rapidly until 2014, from around 15 bcm in 2000 to 49 bcm in 2014 (around 9%/year). Consumption decreased in 2015 and 2016 because of increased power generation from renewables and coal, but rose again to 52 bcm in 2017, according to preliminary data. Around 40% of the...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption increased by 15% in 2016 (107 Mt), driven by the rising power plant inputs. Of the total demand, 76% is used to produce electricity, 13% is consumed by industry and the remainder by the residential and tertiary sector.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

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 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption is growing very rapidly (5.5%/year since 2000), reaching 245 TWh in 2017. Industry absorbs 46% of the total (2016), followed by the services and residential sectors (28% and 22%, respectively, in 2016).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

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Renewable in % electricity production

The General Directorate of Renewable Energy of the MENR is in charge of implementing policy on renewables.

Turkey aims to produce 30% of its electricity from renewables by 2023, according to its Electricity Market and Security of Supply Strategy.

In 2005, Turkey...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2010 Turkey adopted a strategy plan which includes a 7% emission reduction target for the power sector by 2020 compared to a reference scenario.

In 2015, Turkey submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) with the objective of reducing GHG emissions by 21% compared...

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