Turkey

2017 Turkey Key Figures
Population: 80.8 million
GDP growth rate: 7.44 %/year
Energy independence: 25.1%
Total consumption/GDP:* 95.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.66 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.5%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total consumption per capita was around 1.8 toe in 2017 (of which 3 000 kWh of electricity) compared to about 3.2 toe for the EU.

Total energy consumption grew at an average rate of around 4%/year between 2000 and 2017, reaching 147 Mtoe. This increase has been particularly sharp since 2014, with an average rate over 6%/year.

Oil and gas are the main energies consumed, each with ...

Turkey energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Turkey covers just 7% of its total oil needs with a production of 3 Mt of crude oil (2017). In 2017, net crude and oil product imports reached 46 Mt (+6.8%/year since 2010). Crude accounts for about 55% of that amount. Crude oil imports mainly come from Iran (44%) and Iraq (26%) (2017).

Turkey has a strategic position for the transit of oil. It connects Caspian countries and Gulf ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has grown rapidly since 2010 (5.5%/year) reaching 43 Mt in 2017, mainly driven by the transport sector. Oil consumption was roughly stable between 1995 and 2010, at around 30 Mt.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The transport sector's share of the oil demand has increased from 38% in 2000 to around 60% in 2014, and has stabilized since then (62% in ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption grew very rapidly until 2014, from around 15 bcm in 2000 to 49 bcm in 2014 (around 9%/year). Consumption decreased in 2015 and 2016 because of increased power generation from renewables and coal, but rose again to 54 bcm in 2017 to compensate for low hydroelectric generation. Around 41% of the gas is used to produce electricity (2017). Households and services recorded the ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption increased by 21% between 2015 and 2017, reaching 112 Mt, driven by the rising power plant demand. Of the total demand, 76% is used to produce electricity, 14% is consumed by industry and the remainder by the residential and tertiary sector.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption is growing very rapidly (5.6%/year since 2000), reaching 248 TWh in 2017. Industry absorbs 46% of the total (2017), followed by the services and residential sectors (28% and 22%, respectively, in 2017).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

Renewable in % electricity production

The General Directorate of Renewable Energy of the MENR is in charge of implementing policy on renewables.

Turkey aims to produce 50% of its electricity from renewables by 2023. The initial target of 30% set in the Electricity Market and Security of Supply Strategy was raised to 50% in mid-2018 as it was already surpassed in 2017 with 32%.

In 2005, Turkey introduced its first ...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

Turkey has not yet submitted its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). Its INDC, submitted in 2015set the objective of reducing GHG emissions by 21% compared with a BAU scenario by 2030. This objective corresponds to a 116% increase from 2012 levels.

Driven by the strong economic growth, CO2 emissions from energy combustion almost tripled between 1990 and 2017, reaching around ...

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