Turkey

2015 Turkey Key Figures
Population: 76.9 million
GDP growth rate: 3.84 %/year
Energy independence: 26.0%
Total consumption/GDP:* 106 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 4.30 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 13.8%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Total consumption per capita is low: 1.7 toe (of which 2 800 kWh of electricity) compared to about 3.1 toe for the EU.

Total consumption increased at an average rate of 3%/year between 2000 and 2015, reaching 130 Mtoe.

Natural gas is developing and is the main energy consumed, with...

Turkey energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Turkey covers just 8% of its total oil needs with a production of 2.9 Mt of crude oil (2015). In 2015, net crude and oil product imports reached 37 Mt (+15% compared to 2014). Crude accounts for about 64% of that amount. Crude oil imports mainly come from Iraq (46%), Iran (23%), Russia (12%),...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil product consumption has been roughly stable around 30 Mt between 1995 and 2010, and grew rapidly since then to 37 Mt in 2015 (4%/year), mainly driven by the transport sector.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

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EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption grew very rapidly, from around 15 bcm in 2000 to 48 bcm in 2015. Households and services recorded the largest increase, although they are not the largest consumers (a quarter of the demand); about half of the gas is used to produce electricity. Industry absorbs 26% of gas...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption decreased by 4% in 2015 (93 Mt). Of the total demand, 74% is used to produce electricity, 14% is consumed by industry and the remainder goes to the residential and tertiary sector.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

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 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has doubled since 2000 (5.3%/year), reaching 217 TWh in 2015. The distribution of that consumption by sector is rather stable, with industry absorbing 46% of the total in 2015, followed by the tertiary and the residential sectors (28% and 23% respectively in 2015).

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Renewable in % electricity production

Turkey aims to produce 30% of its electricity from renewables by 2023, according to its Electricity Market and Security of Supply Strategy. In 2016, the EBRD announced that it will expand its support for sustainable energy financing in Turkey with an additional €500m, thereby raising the funds...


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2010 Turkey adopted a strategy plan which includes a 7% emission reduction target for the power sector by 2020 compared to a reference scenario.

In 2015, Turkey submitted its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) with the objective of reducing GHG emissions by 21% compared...

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