Ukraine

2018 Ukraine Key Figures
Population: 44.7 million
GDP growth rate: 3.29 %/year
Energy independence: 66.2%
Total consumption/GDP:* 61.4 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 3.91 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 12.1%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Ukraine's total energy consumption per capita used to be rather high (4.7 toe/cap in 1992), but dropped sharply in the mid-nineties and since 2010 to only 2 toe/cap in 2018.

Electricity consumption per capacity is around 2 800 kWh, which is 35% below the CIS countries and less than half that for Russia. It dropped from its peak level of 4 400 kWh in 1990 to 2 500 kWh in 2000 and ...

Ukraine energy report

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Ukraine produces a small and decreasing amount of crude oil, that only covers a fifth of its needs (2.3 Mt in 2017, +4.5%).

Ukraine has a refining capacity of 850 000 bbl/d. However, its production was only 60 000 bbl/d in 2018, since only two refineries are operating (Kremenchug with around 85% of the production in 2018, and Shebelynka) and four are mothballed.

In 2018, around ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

After falling between 2004 and 2015, oil consumption has rebounded since then, increasing by 3.5% to 11 Mt in 2018.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The share of transport in oil consumption increased from 56% in 2000 to 70% in 2018, conversely to the share of industry, which contracted by 7 percentage points since 2000 to 12% in 2018. The share of the residential sector has ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption has been declining rapidly since 2005 (by an average of 7%/year), including 17% and 20% drops in 2014 and 2015, respectively, mainly due to dramatic price hikes. It decreased by 9% in 2018, reaching 28 bcm.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

The residential and services sector is the main gas consumer since 2009 with a share of 40% (up from 22% ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption dropped by 35% (around 7%/year) between 2013 and 2017 from 71 Mt to 44 Mt, mainly due to the ongoing civil war.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Coal is mainly used in power plants (58%, up from 42% in 2005) and industry (32%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Since 2012, electricity consumption has decreased by 18%, including a 7.5% fall in 2015; it recovered slightly in 2016 to 124 TWh and remained stable in 2017 and 2018 (122 TWh in 2018). This trend is mainly due to the low economic activity and the sharp electricity price hikes. Previously, electricity consumption increased by an average of 2%/year between 2002 and 2011.

Graph: ...

Renewable in % electricity production

SAEE is also in charge of implementing the policy on renewables and alternative fuels.

Ukraine approved its National Renewable Energy Action Plan (NREAP) in 2014. The NREAP aims for renewables to account for 11% of final energy consumption by 2020 (from 3.8% in 2009), including an 11% share for electricity, 12.4% for heating and 10% for transport. Adopted in March 2019, the ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

GHG emissions more than halved between 1990 and 2008 and dropped by 5% between 2008 and 2016.

Through its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC, Ukraine committed to assuring that its GHG emissions will not exceed 60% of the 1990 level in 2030. CO2 emissions from energy combustion decreased by 55% between 1990 and 2000 and remained relatively stable at around 290-300 MtCO2 until ...

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