United Kingdom

2016 United Kingdom Key Figures
Population: 65.4 million
GDP growth rate: 1.84 %/year
Energy independence: 67.1%
Total consumption/GDP:* 69.5 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.61 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.05%
* at purchasing power parity
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United Kingdom Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita has shrunk by 25% since 2000, bringing it to 2.7 toe in 2016 (10% below the EU average). Electricity consumption per capita also dropped significantly, from 5 800 kWh in 2000 to 4 700 kWh in 2016 (-16%), i.e. 13% below the EU average (5 600 kWh).

In 2016 total...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production has decreased by 70% between 1999, when it peaked at 137 Mt, and 2014. In 2016, it increased by 5% to 45.7 Mt further to a 13% hike in 2015 due to the start-up of new fields and less maintenance activity.

The UK became a net crude oil importer in 2005 and imported 14 ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has followed a downward trend since the mid-90s, that accelerated between 2005 and 2014 (2.4%/year). It grew by 5% in 2015 and another 2.1% in 2016 to 60 Mt, pulled by the transport and petrochemical sectors.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

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EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption decreased between 2004 and 2014, with an acceleration between 2010 and 2014 (8%/year, on average), as a result of a lower use by power plants and the lower demand in residential and services sectors. Since 2015, consumption is going back upward (+13% in 2016) driven by...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption remained relatively stable between 1990 and 2007, at around 60 Mt, before falling by 24% in two years to below 50 Mt. It increased by 26% in 2012 due to the gas-to-coal switch resulting from low international coal prices, and then it dropped by two third between 2014 and 2016 to...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Since its peak of 2005 to 357 TWh, electricity consumption is decreasing by at an average annual pace of -1.4%/year, including a 1.3% fall in 2016 to 307 TWh.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

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Renewable in % electricity production

The Low Carbon Transition Plan of 2009 aims at a share of 30% of electricity from renewables by 2020 and 40% from low-emission energy sources (of which more than 66% from wind and around 22% from biomass). The plan also sets a target of 10% of biofuels in transport by 2020....


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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