United Kingdom

2017 United Kingdom Key Figures
Population: 66.1 million
GDP growth rate: 1.66 %/year
Energy independence: 68.8%
Total consumption/GDP:* 67.7 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.39 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.76%
* at purchasing power parity
United Kingdom Related Analysis
United Kingdom Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita has shrunk by 25% since 2000, bringing it to 2.7 toe in 2016 (13% below the EU average). Electricity consumption per capita also dropped significantly, from 5 800 kWh in 2000 to 4 700 kWh in 2017 (-16%), i.e. 16% below the EU average.

In 2016, total energy consumption decreased slightly (1.3%) to 178 Mtoe, in line with the average annual consumption reduction ...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production has decreased by 70% between 1999, when it peaked at 137 Mt, and 2014. In 2016, it increased by 5% to 47.5 Mt, further to a 13% hike in 2015 due to the start-up of new fields and less maintenance activity. However, it has dropped by close to 2% in 2017.

The UK became a net crude oil importer in 2005 and imported a net amount of 15 Mt in 2017, down from 29.5 Mt in ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption increased in 2015 and 2016 (by 3.4% and 2.1%, respectively), pulled by the transport and petrochemical sectors after a rapid decrease between 2005 and 2014 (-2.4%/year). It remained stable in 2017.


In 2017, transport accounted for 67% of oil consumption (59% in 2000) and industry for 18% (including non-energy uses, 23% in ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption decreased between 2004 and 2014, with an acceleration between 2010 and 2014 (8%/year, on average), as a result of a lower use by power plants and the lower demand in residential and services sectors. Since 2015, consumption has been moving upward again (+12.4% in 2016) driven by higher gas-fired power generation, but it decreased slightly in 2017 (-2.7%), bringing it ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption remained relatively stable between 1990 and 2007, at around 60 Mt, before falling by 24% in two years to below 50 Mt. It increased by 26% in 2012 due to the gas-to-coal switch resulting from low international coal prices, and then it dropped by two third between 2013 and 2016 to reach 15 Mt in 2017 because of the closure of numerous coal-fired power plants.

Graph: ...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Since its peak of 357 TWh in 2005, electricity consumption has been decreasing by an average annual pace of -1.3%/year until 2014. Electricity consumption then remained quite stable at around 311 TWh. It fell by close to 2% in 2017 to 305 TWh.


The electricity consumption split between sectors is quite stable: households are the main ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 15% in 2020 (8.7% achieved in-2016). According to National Grid scenarios (2016), the country will not achieve this target.

In 2011 Scotland raised its renewable electricity target for power consumption to 100% by 2020. The 50% target was met in ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The UK's target under the Kyoto Protocol was exceeded, as in 2012 GHG emissions were 25% below their 1990 level (target of -12.5%). GHG emissions continue to decrease and in 2016 were 42% below their 1990 level, including a 6% dip in 2016, driven by a significant drop in coal use for power generation.

The Climate Change Act (2008) established a legally-binding GHG emissions reduction ...

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