United Kingdom

2018 United Kingdom Key Figures
Population: 66.6 million
GDP growth rate: 1.36 %/year
Energy independence: 70.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 66.7 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.43 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 8.12%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita has shrunk by 25% since 2000, bringing it to 2.6 toe in 2018. Electricity consumption per capita also dropped significantly, from 5 800 kWh in 2000 to 4 600 kWh in 2018, down 20%.

In 2018, total energy consumption decreased slightly (-1.4%) to 176 Mtoe, in line with the average annual consumption reduction pace recorded since 2000 of 1.4%/year.

Graph: ...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production has decreased by 70% between 1999, when it peaked at 137 Mt, and 2014. In 2016, it increased by 5% to 47.5 Mt, further to a 13% hike in 2015 due to the start-up of new fields and less maintenance activity. A drop of 2% in 2017 was made up for in the 9% rise in 2018 to 51 Mt.

The UK became a net crude oil importer in 2005 and imported a net amount of 8 Mt in 2018, ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption increased in 2015 and 2016 (by 3.4% and 2.1%, respectively), led by the transport and petrochemical sectors after a rapid decrease between 2005 and 2014 (-2.4%/year). It remained stable in 2017 and 2018.


In 2018, transport accounted for 70% of oil consumption (59% in 2000) and industry for 20% (including non-energy uses, 23% in ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption decreased between 2004 and 2014, with an acceleration between 2010 and 2014 (8%/year, on average), as a result of a lower use by power plants and the lower demand in residential and services sectors. Consumption started to increase again in 2015 and 2016 (+12% in 2016), driven by higher gas-fired power generation, but decreased slightly in 2017 (-2%), remaining ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption dropped by two thirds between 2013 and 2018 to 12.7 Mt because of the closure of numerous coal-fired power plants.


The power sector consumed 54% of the total consumption in 2018, down from 88% in 2012.


 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Since its peak of 357 TWh in 2005, electricity consumption has been decreasing by an average annual pace of 1.3%/year until 2014. Electricity consumption then remained quite stable (307 TWh in 2018).


The electricity consumption split between sectors is quite stable: households are the main electricity consumers (34%) followed by ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 15% in 2020 (9.9% achieved in 2017).

In 2011 Scotland raised its renewable electricity target for power consumption to 100% by 2020. The 50% target was met in 2015.

The Contracts for Difference (CfD) mechanism was launched in 2014 to ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The UK's Kyoto target was exceeded by a factor 2, as in 2012 GHG emissions were 25% below their 1990 level (target of -12.5%). GHG emissions continue to decrease and in 2017 were 41% below their 1990 level. Final estimates show that GHG emissions dropped by 3% in 2017 (i.e. 42% below 1990) driven by a significant drop in coal use for power generation.

The Climate Change Act (2008) ...

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