United Kingdom

2016 United Kingdom Key Figures
Population: 65.6 million
GDP growth rate: 1.81 %/year
Energy independence: 67.6%
Total consumption/GDP:* 69.9 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.61 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.59%
* at purchasing power parity
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United Kingdom Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita has shrunk by 25% since 2000, bringing it to 2.7 toe in 2016 (13% below the EU average). Electricity consumption per capita also dropped significantly, from 5 800 kWh in 2000 to 4 700 kWh in 2016 (-16%), i.e. 16% below the EU average.

In 2016, total energy...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production has decreased by 70% between 1999, when it peaked at 137 Mt, and 2014. In 2016, it increased by 5% to 47.5 Mt, further to a 13% hike in 2015 due to the start-up of new fields and less maintenance activity. However, according to preliminary data, it has dropped by close to 5...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has followed a downward trend since the mid-90s, that accelerated between 2005 and 2014 (2.4%/year). It grew by 3.4% in 2015 and another 2.1% in 2016 to 58 Mt, pulled by the transport and petrochemical sectors.



EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption decreased between 2004 and 2014, with an acceleration between 2010 and 2014 (8%/year, on average), as a result of a lower use by power plants and the lower demand in residential and services sectors. Since 2015, consumption has been moving upward again (+12.4% in 2016 and...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption remained relatively stable between 1990 and 2007, at around 60 Mt, before falling by 24% in two years to below 50 Mt. It increased by 26% in 2012 due to the gas-to-coal switch resulting from low international coal prices, and then it dropped by two third between 2013 and 2016 to...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Since its peak of 357 TWh in 2005, electricity consumption has been decreasing by an average annual pace of -1.3%/year until 2014. Electricity consumption then remained quite stable at around 310 TWh. According to preliminary data, it fell by close to 6% in 2017.


Renewable in % electricity production

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 15% in 2020 (8.2% achieved in-2015). According to National Grid scenarios (2016), the country will not achieve this target.

In 2011 Scotland raised...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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