United Kingdom

2018 United Kingdom Key Figures
Population: 66.5 million
GDP growth rate: 1.40 %/year
Energy independence: 70.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 65.9 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 5.42 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.87%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita has shrunk by 25% since 2000, bringing it to 2.6 toe in 2018. Electricity consumption per capita dropped by 20%, from 5 800 kWh in 2000 to 4 600 kWh in 2018.

Total energy consumption has been decreasing by 1.4%/year since 2000 to 176 Mtoe in 2018.


The energy mix is dominated by gas (38% in ...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production has decreased by 70% between 1999, when it peaked at 137 Mt, and 2014. In 2016, it increased by 5% to 47.5 Mt, further to a 13% hike in 2015 due to the start-up of new fields and less maintenance activity. A drop of 2% in 2017 was made up for in the 9% rise in 2018 to 51 Mt.

The UK became a net crude oil importer in 2005 and imported a net amount of 8 Mt in 2018, ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption increased in 2015 and 2016 (by 3.8% and 1.6%, respectively), led by the transport and petrochemical sectors after a rapid decrease between 2005 and 2014 (-2%/year). It remained stable in 2017 and 2018.


In 2018, transport accounted for 67% of oil consumption (69% in 2000) and industry for 18% (including non-energy uses, 28% in ...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption decreased between 2004 and 2014, accelerated between 2010 and 2014 (-7%/year, on average), as a result of a lower use by power plants and the lower demand in residential and services sectors. Consumption started to increase again in 2015 and 2016 (+13% in 2016), driven by higher gas-fired power generation, but decreased slightly in 2017 (-3%), remaining stable in ...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption dropped by 80% between 2013 and 2018 to 12.7 Mt because of the closure of numerous coal-fired power plants.


The power sector consumed 57% of the total consumption in 2018, down from 88% in 2012.


 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has remained quite stable since 2014 (307 TWh in 2018). It has been decreasing by an average annual pace of 1.3%/year between its peak of 357 TWh in 2005 and 2014.


The electricity consumption split between sectors has been stable: households are the main electricity consumers (34%) followed by services (30%) and ...

Renewable in % electricity production

According to the European Directive on renewables, the national target is to increase the share of renewables in final energy consumption to 15% in 2020 (11% achieved in 2018).

In 2011 Scotland raised its renewable electricity target for power consumption to 100% by 2020. Its previous 50% target was met in 2015.

The Contracts for Difference (CfD) mechanism was launched in 2014 ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

The UK's Kyoto target was exceeded by a factor of 2, with 2012 GHG emissions 25% below their 1990 level (target of -12.5%). GHG emissions continue to decrease and in 2018 were 44% below their 1990 level according to provisional figures (-3% in 2018). Since 2012, the reduction has been mainly driven by a significant drop of coal in the power mix (from 40% to 5% in 2018).

The Climate ...

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