United Kingdom

2015 United Kingdom Key Figures
Population: 65.0 million
GDP growth rate: 2.25 %/year
Energy independence: 65.3%
Total consumption/GDP:* 71.9 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 6.08 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.95%
* at purchasing power parity
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United Kingdom Related Research

Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita has shrunk by 25% since 2000, bringing it to 2.8 toe in 2015 (10% below the EU average). Electricity consumption per capita also dropped significantly, from 5 800 kWh in 2000 to 4 800 kWh in 2015 (-17%), i.e. 14% below the EU average (5 600 kWh).

In 2015 total...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production has decreased by 70% between 1999, when it peaked at 137 Mt, and 2014. In 2015, it increased by 13% to 45 Mt due to the start-up of new fields and less maintenance activity.

The UK became a net crude oil importer in 2005 and imported 17 Mt in 2015, down from 29 Mt in...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has followed a downward trend since the mid-90s, that accelerated between 2005 and 2014 (2.4%/year). It grew by 5% in 2015 to 58.5 Mt, pulled by the transport and petrochemical sectors.



EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption decreased between 2004 and 2014, with an acceleration between 2010 and 2014 (8%/year, on average), as a result of a lower use by power plants and the lower demand in residential and services sectors. In 2015, consumption pulled up by 2.2%, driven by higher gas-fired power...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption remained relatively stable between 1990 and 2007, at around 60 Mt, before falling by 24% in two years to below 50 Mt. It increased by 26% in 2012 due to the gas-to-coal switch resulting from low international coal prices, and then it dropped by a dramatic 40% to reach 38 Mt in...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been decreasing regularly between 2005 and 2014 (-1.5%/year, on average). In 2015, it stabilised to 311 TWh, i.e. 13% below its peak of 357 TWh in 2005.



Renewable in % electricity production

The Low Carbon Transition Plan of 2009 aims at a share of 30% of electricity from renewables by 2020 and 40% from low-emission energy sources (of which more than 66% from wind and around 22% from biomass).The plan also sets a target of 10% of biofuels in transport by 2020....

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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