United Kingdom

2015 United Kingdom Key Figures
Population: 65.0 million
GDP growth rate: 2.25 %/year
Energy independence: 65.3%
Total consumption/GDP:* 71.9 (2005=100)
CO2 Emissions: 6.08 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.95%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Consumption per capita has shrunk by 25% since 2000, bringing it to 2.8 toe in 2015 (10% below the EU average). Electricity consumption per capita also dropped significantly, from 5 800 kWh in 2000 to 4 800 kWh in 2015 (-17%), i.e. 14% below the EU average (5 600 kWh).

In 2015 total...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Crude oil production has decreased by 70% between 1999, when it peaked at 137 Mt, and 2014. In 2015, it increased by 13% to 45 Mt due to the start-up of new fields and less maintenance activity.

The UK became a net crude oil importer in 2005 and imported 17 Mt in 2015, down from 29 Mt in...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has followed a downward trend since the mid-90s, that accelerated between 2005 and 2014 (2.4%/year). It grew by 5% in 2015 to 58.5 Mt, pulled by the transport and petrochemical sectors.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

...

EMEA Refineries Dataset

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Natural gas consumption decreased between 2004 and 2014, with an acceleration between 2010 and 2014 (8%/year, on average), as a result of a lower use by power plants and the lower demand in residential and services sectors. In 2015, consumption pulled up by 2.2%, driven by higher gas-fired power...

EMEA LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption remained relatively stable between 1990 and 2007, at around 60 Mt, before falling by 24% in two years to below 50 Mt. It increased by 26% in 2012 due to the gas-to-coal switch resulting from low international coal prices, and then it dropped by a dramatic 40% to reach 38 Mt in...

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been decreasing regularly between 2005 and 2014 (-1.5%/year, on average). In 2015, it stabilised to 311 TWh, i.e. 13% below its peak of 357 TWh in 2005.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

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Renewable in % electricity production

The Low Carbon Transition Plan of 2009 aims at a share of 30% of electricity from renewables by 2020 and 40% from low-emission energy sources (of which more than 66% from wind and around 22% from biomass).The plan also sets a target of 10% of biofuels in transport by 2020....


 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)
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